Georgian Braille

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Georgian Braille
Georgian Braille chart.jpg
Type alphabet
Languages Georgian
Parent systems
Braille
  • Georgian Braille
Print basis
Georgian alphabet

Georgian Braille is a braille alphabet used for writing the Georgian language. The assignments of the Georgian alphabet to braille patterns is largely consistent with unified international braille.[1]

Alphabet[edit]

⠁ (braille pattern dots-1)

a
⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)

b
⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245)

g
⠙ (braille pattern dots-145)

d
⠑ (braille pattern dots-15)

e
⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)

v
⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)

z
⠋ (braille pattern dots-124)

t’
⠊ (braille pattern dots-24)

i
⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)

k
⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)

l
⠍ (braille pattern dots-134)

m
⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)

n
⠕ (braille pattern dots-135)

o
⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234)

p
⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)

zh
⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235)

r
⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)

s
⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)

t
⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)

u
⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)

p’
⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456)

k’
⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)

gh
⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)

q
⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)

sh
⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345)

ch’
⠉ (braille pattern dots-14)

ts’
⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456)

dz
⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)

ts
⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346)

ch
⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)

kh
⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)

dj
⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346)

h

The basic braille range mostly conforms with international norms, with the exception of sounds which do not occur in Georgian, such as *f (reassigned in Georgian to თ t’), and *q, which is used for ჩ ch’ rather than ყ q. The assignment of to ჩ ch’ is reminiscent of Russian Braille, as is one or two other letters ( for შ sh is widespread in Eastern Europe), but most of the extended-letter assignments are unique to Georgian.

Punctuation[edit]

Print , .  ?  !  ;  : [*] „ ... “ ( ... )
Braille ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)

^* ჻ is an old word divider, no longer in use.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UNESCO (2013) World Braille Usage, 3rd edition.
  2. ^ Unicode code point U+10FB. The Unicode name is misleadingly 'paragraph separator'.