Georgy Lvov

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Georgy Lvov
Георгий Львов
GeorgiLvov--fallofromanoffsh00londrich.jpg
1st Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government
In office
15 March 1917 – 21 July 1917
Preceded by Office Established
De facto :
Nicholas II (tsar of Russia)
Succeeded by Alexander Kerensky
Minister of Interior
In office
15 March 1917 – 21 July 1917
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Alexander Protopopov
Succeeded by Nikolai Avksentiev
Prime Minister of Russia
In office
15 March 1917 – 21 July 1917
Preceded by Nikolai Golitsyn
Succeeded by Alexander Kerensky
Personal details
Born November 2, 1861
Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, German Confederation
Died March 7, 1925 (age 63)
Paris, France
Nationality Russian
Political party Constitutional Democratic
Profession Politician

Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov (Russian: Гео́ргий Евге́ньевич Львов; Georgij Evgen'evič L'vov) (2 November 1861 – 7 March 1925) was a Russian statesman and the first post-imperial prime minister of Russia, from 15 March to 21 July 1917.

Pre-Revolution[edit]

Prince Lvov was born in Dresden into a Rurikid family, descended from sovereign Galician princes of Yaroslavl. His family moved home to Popovka in the Aleksin district of Tula Governorate from Germany soon after his birth. He graduated from the University of Moscow with a degree in law, then worked in the civil service until 1893. During the Russo-Japanese War he organized relief work in the East and in 1905, he joined the liberal Constitutional Democratic Party. A year later he won election to the First Duma, and was nominated for a ministerial position. He became chairman of the All-Russian Union of Zemstvos in 1914, and in 1915 he became a leader of the Union of Zemstvos as well as a member of Zemgor, a joint committee of the Union of Zemstvos and the Union of Towns that helped supply the military and tend to the wounded from World War I.

Later years[edit]

During the first Russian Revolution and the abdication of Nicholas II, emperor of Russia, Lvov was made head of the provisional government founded by the Duma on 2 March. Unable to rally sufficient support, he resigned in July 1917 in favour of his Minister of Justice, Alexander Kerensky. Lvov was arrested when the Bolsheviks seized power later that year. He escaped and settled in Paris, where he spent the rest of his life.

Memorials[edit]

There is a memorial to Prince Lvov in Aleksin as well as a small exhibition on him in the town museum. In Popovka there is another memorial opposite his local church and a plaque on the wall of the local school he founded. He is buried in Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Russian Cemetery in France.

Further reading[edit]

Lvov wrote an autobiography, 'Воспоминания' ("Memories"), while in exile and a biography was also written in 1932 by Tikhon Polner entitled 'Жизненный путь князя Георгія Евгеніевича Львова. Личность. Взгляды. Условія дѣятельности' ("The Life Course of Prince Georgy Yevgenievich Lvov. Personality. Views. Conditions of Activity"). Neither has been translated but both have been reprinted and are still available in Russian.

Notes[edit]

Note on transliteration: An older French form, Lvoff, is used on his tombstone. Georgy can be written as Georgi and is sometimes seen in its translated form, George or Jorge.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Nikolai Golitsyn
(Prime Minister)
Nicholas II of Russia
(Emperor)
Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government
15 March 1917 – 21 July 1917
Succeeded by
Alexander Kerensky