Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster
The Duke of Westminster
KG, CB, CVO, OBE, TD, CD, DL
|Photographed by Allan Warren in 1997|
|Born||22 December 1951|
|Spouse(s)||Natalia née Phillips|
|Children||Lady Tamara Grosvenor
Lady Edwina Grosvenor
Hugh, Earl Grosvenor
Lady Viola Grosvenor
Viola née Lyttelton
|Residence||Eaton Hall, Cheshire|
|Known for||Chairman of GlaxoSmithKline
Territorial Army officer
Property development & land owning
|Civilian awards||Commander of the Royal Victorian Order|
|Titles||8th Marquess of Westminster
9th Earl Grosvenor
9th Viscount Belgrave
9th Baron Grosvenor
|Years of service||1973–2012|
|Unit||North Irish Horse|
|Commands||Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Reserves and Cadets) (2004–07)
Deputy Commander Land Forces (Reserves) (2011–12)
|Military awards||Companion of the Order of the Bath|
Major General Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster KG, CB, CVO, OBE, TD, CD, DL (born 22 December 1951) is a British Billionaire, landowner, peer, businessman, and former Territorial Army officer in the British Army. He is the son of Robert George Grosvenor, 5th Duke of Westminster, and The Hon. Viola Maud Lyttelton. He is the owner of property company Grosvenor Group.
According to the "Sunday Times Rich List 2014," the Duke of Westminster is worth $27 billion, placing him tenth in the list and making him the third richest Briton.
Via Grosvenor Estates, the Duke is the richest property developer in the United Kingdom and one of the country's largest landowners, with vast estates in Oxford, Cheshire and Scotland, as well as large areas of Mayfair and Belgravia in central London, and also elsewhere in Europe.
In 1973 he entered Sandhurst, and after passing out as an officer cadet, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve of the Royal Armoured Corps (Queen's Own Yeomanry) on 13 May 1973. He was promoted to lieutenant on 13 May 1975 and to captain on 1 July 1980. He was subsequently promoted to the acting rank of major on 1 January 1985 and to the substantive rank on 22 December.
Promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 1 April 1992, he subsequently commanded the North Irish Horse, the Cheshire Yeomanry Squadron, founded by his ancestors, and the Queen's Own Yeomanry. He was promoted to colonel on 31 December 1994 and was appointed the Honorary Colonel of the 7th Regt. Army Air Corps (1 January 1996) and the Northumbrian Universities Officer Training Corps (30 November 1995). Promoted to brigadier on 17 January 2000, he was appointed the honorary Colonel of the Royal Mercian and Lancastrian Yeomanry on 14 May 2001. He was also appointed Colonel in Chief of the Canadian Royal Westminster Regiment, the North Irish Horse and as Colonel Commandant Yeomanry.
The Duke was Grand Prior of the Priory of England of the Military and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem, 1995–2001.
In 2004 the Duke was appointed to the new post of Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Reserves and Cadets), with promotion to the rank of Major-General.
In March 2007, having served in the Ministry of Defence as Assistant CDS for four years, he handed over responsibility for 50,000 Reservists and 138,000 Cadets to Major-General Simon Lalor, in the wake of the Eliot Spitzer prostitution scandal in which he was implicated. The Duke became Deputy Commander Land Forces (Reserves) in May 2011. He retired in 2012.
He was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) for his military service in the 2008 Birthday Honours. He is also an Honorary Vice President of the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), and a member of the International Advisory Board of the RUSI.
The Duke of Westminster married Natalia Ayesha Phillips, the daughter of Lt Col. Harold Pedro Joseph Phillips and his wife Georgina Wernher, in 1978. His wife is a direct descendant of the Russian poet Alexander S. Pushkin and therefore of his African ancestor Ibrahim Hannibal as well as of King George II, making her distantly in line to the British throne. Their children are:
- Lady Tamara Katherine Grosvenor (b. 20 December 1979), married Edward Bernard Charles van Cutsem (6 November 2004), with two sons, Jake Louis Hannibal van Cutsem (b. 2009) and Louis Hugh Lupus van Cutsem (b. 17 April 2012);
- Lady Edwina Louise Grosvenor (b. 4 November 1981), a goddaughter of Princess Diana, married Daniel Robert Snow (27 November 2010). The couple have a daughter, Zia (born 2011) and a son, Wolf Robert (born 2014).
- Hugh Richard Louis Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor (b. 29 January 1991), heir apparent to his father's titles. Earl Grosvenor is one of Prince George of Cambridge's seven godparents;
- Lady Viola Georgina Grosvenor (b. 12 October 1992).
Titles and styles
- Gerald Grosvenor, Esq (1951–67)
- Earl Grosvenor (1967–79)
- His Grace The Duke of Westminster (1979–82)
- His Grace The Duke of Westminster DL (1982–94)
- His Grace The Duke of Westminster TD DL (1994–95)
- His Grace The Duke of Westminster OBE TD DL (1995–2003)
- His Grace The Duke of Westminster KG OBE TD DL (2003–04)
- His Grace The Duke of Westminster KG OBE TD CD DL (2004–08)
- His Grace The Duke of Westminster KG CB OBE TD CD DL (2008–12)
- His Grace The Duke of Westminster KG CB CVO OBE TD CD DL (2012–present)
Orders and decorations
- 20 February 1979 Baronet, 15th baronet, of Eaton (cr. 1621)
- 1991 Knight of the Order of St John (KJStJ)
- 1995 Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
- 2003 Knight of the Order of the Garter (KG)
- 2008 Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)
- 2012 Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO)
- Oct. 11th 2014 Grand Cross of the Corps of Nobility of the Principality of Asturias (Cuerpo de Nobleza del Principado de Asturias)
- 6 February 1977 Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal
- 6 February 2002 Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
- 6 February 2012 Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
- 29 May 2012 Volunteer Reserves Service Medal
- Foreign dynastic orders
- 1995 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Lazarus, (House of Orléans)
- 2006 Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Francis I, (House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies)
- 1982 Deputy Lieutenant of Cheshire (DL)
Honorary military appointments
- Honorary Colonel The Queen's Own Yeomanry
- Honorary Colonel 7th Regt. Army Air Corps
- Colonel-in-Chief Royal Westminster Regiment, New Westminster, BC, Canada
- Honorary Colonel Yeomanry, Royal Armoured Corps
- Honorary Colonel Northumbrian Universities Officer Training Corps
|Ancestors of Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster|
- "The London Gazette, 25 June 1973". London-gazette.co.uk. 1973-06-25. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "The London Gazette, 2 December 1974". London-gazette.co.uk. 1974-12-02. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "The London Gazette, 30 June 1975". London-gazette.co.uk. 1975-06-30. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "The London Gazette, 13 October 1980". London-gazette.co.uk. 1980-10-13. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "The London Gazette, 14 April 1986". London-gazette.co.uk. 1986-04-14. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "The London Gazette, 1 April 1992". London-gazette.co.uk. 1992-04-06. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "The London Gazette, 5 May 1995". London-gazette.co.uk. 1995-05-05. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "The London Gazette, 19 February 1996". London-gazette.co.uk. 1996-02-19. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "The London Gazette, 15 January 1996". London-gazette.co.uk. 1996-01-15. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "The London Gazette, 8 August 2000". London-gazette.co.uk. 2000-08-08. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "The London Gazette, 19 June 2001". London-gazette.co.uk. 2001-06-19. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff steps down, Daily Mail, Retrieved 2012-03-31.
- "Defence Viewpoints". Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 16 June 2012.
- Louis Hugh Lupus van Cutsem, Peerage News, Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- Levy, Geoffrey (15 February 2003). "Diana's godchildren". London: Daily Mail.
- Saad, Nardine (23 October 2013). "Prince George christened; William and Kate name seven godparents". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Westminster
- Debrett's People of Today
- Sunday Times Rich List 2009
- Forbes.com: Forbes World's Richest People
- Institution of Environmental Sciences
- 6th Duke of Westminster
|New title||Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff (Reserves and Cadets)
|New title||Deputy Commander Land Forces (Reserves)
|New title||Chancellor of the University of Chester
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|Duke of Westminster
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
The Duke of Abercorn
His Grace The Duke of Westminster
The Duke of Fife