September 17, 1936 |
Cedar Falls, Iowa
University of Rochester
Imperial College London
Los Alamos National Laboratory
|Alma mater||MIT, BS
Harvard University, PhD
|Doctoral advisor||Walter Gilbert|
|Known for||Quantum field theory, Broken symmetry, Higgs Boson, Higgs mechanism, Computational physics|
|Notable awards||Sakurai Prize (2010)
Gerald Stanford Guralnik (//; born 17 September 1936) is the Chancellor’s Professor of Physics at Brown University. He co-discovered the Higgs mechanism and Higgs boson with C. R. Hagen and Tom Kibble (GHK). As part of Physical Review Letters 50th anniversary celebration, the journal recognized this discovery as one of the milestone papers in PRL history. While widely considered to have authorerd the most complete of the early papers on the Higgs theory, GHK were controversially not included in the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics.
In 2010, Guralnik was awarded The American Physical Society's J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics for the "elucidation of the properties of spontaneous symmetry breaking in four-dimensional relativistic gauge theory and of the mechanism for the consistent generation of vector boson masses".
Guralnik received his BS degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1958 and his PhD degree from Harvard University in 1964. He went to Imperial College London as a postdoctoral fellow supported by the National Science Foundation and then became a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Rochester. In the fall of 1967 went to Brown University and frequently visited Imperial College and Los Alamos National Laboratory where he was a staff member from 1985 to 1987. While at Los Alamos, he did extensive work on the development and application of computational methods for Lattice QCD.
- Guralnik, G.; Hagen, C.; Kibble, T. (1964). "Global Conservation Laws and Massless Particles". Physical Review Letters 13 (20): 585. Bibcode:1964PhRvL..13..585G. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.13.585.
- Guralnik, G. S. (2009). "The History of the Guralnik, Hagen and Kibble development of the Theory of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Gauge Particles". International Journal of Modern Physics A 24 (14): 2601. arXiv:0907.3466. Bibcode:2009IJMPA..24.2601G. doi:10.1142/S0217751X09045431.
- Guralnik, G. S. (Fall 2001). "A Physics History of My part in the Theory of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Gauge particles". Brown University. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- Guralnik, G. S.; Hagen, C. R.; Kibble, T. W. B. (1968). "Broken Symmetries and the Goldstone Theorem". In Cool, R. L.; Marshak, R. E. Advances in Particle Physics 2. Interscience Publishers. pp. 567–708. ISBN 0470170573.
- "Physical Review Letters - 50th Anniversary Milestone Papers". Physical Review Letters. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- “The 2013 Nobel prizes. Higgs’s bosuns.” Economist (October 12, 2013)
- G.S. Guralnik, C.R. Hagen (2014), "Where Have All the Goldstone Bosons Gone?"
- "2010 J.J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics Recipient: Gerald S. Guralnik". American Physical Society. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- Luttrell, S. K. (March–April 2010). "Gerald Guralnik '58 and Carl Richard Hagen '58, SM '58, PhD '63". Technology Review. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- Kibble, T. (2009). "Englert-Brout-Higgs-Guralnik-Hagen-Kibble Mechanism". Scholarpedia 4 (1): 6441. doi:10.4249/scholarpedia.6441.
- Kibble, T. (2009). "History of Englert-Brout-Higgs-Guralnik-Hagen-Kibble Mechanism". Scholarpedia 4 (1): 8741. doi:10.4249/scholarpedia.8741.
- Tang, J. (2010). "A Conversation with Professor Gerry Guralnik". Brown University. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
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- Guralnik, Gerald (2013). "Heretical Ideas that Provided the Cornerstone for the Standard Model of Particle Physics". SPG MITTEILUNGEN March 2013, No. 39, p. 14