Geraldton

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Geraldton
Western Australia
Welcome to Geraldton.jpg
Geraldton Marina
Geraldton is located in Western Australia
Geraldton
Geraldton
Coordinates 28°46′45″S 114°36′52″E / 28.77917°S 114.61444°E / -28.77917; 114.61444Coordinates: 28°46′45″S 114°36′52″E / 28.77917°S 114.61444°E / -28.77917; 114.61444
Population 35,749 (2011)[1] (35)
 • Density 140.74/km2 (364.5/sq mi)
Established 1850
Postcode(s) 6530, 6531, 6532
Area 254 km2 (98.1 sq mi)
Time zone AWST (UTC+8)
Location 424 km (263 mi) NNW of Perth
LGA(s) City of Greater Geraldton
State electorate(s) Geraldton
Federal Division(s) Durack

Geraldton is a coastal city in the Mid West region of Western Australia, located 424 kilometres (263 mi) north of Perth.

At the 2011 census, Geraldton had a population of 35,749.[1] Geraldton is the seat of government for the local government area (LGA), the City of Greater Geraldton, which also incorporates the town of Mullewa and large rural areas previously forming the shires of Greenough and Mullewa. The city is home to the Port of Geraldton,[2] a major west coast seaport. Geraldton is an important service and logistics centre for regional mining, fishing, Western Rock Lobster,[3] wheat, sheep and tourism industries. The Geraldton CSIRO facility provides support services to the Square Kilometre Array project located 315 km northeast of Geraldton. The Australian Army 2nd Division, 13th Brigade Reserve Response Force maintains a presence and depot in central Geraldton. Geraldton has a Sister City relationship with Zhejiang, China.

History[edit]

Aboriginal[edit]

Clear evidence has established indigenous people living on the West Coast of Australia for at least 40,000 years,[4] though at present it is unclear when the first indigenous people may have originally explored and lived in and around Geraldton.

The local Aboriginal people native to the region surrounding Geraldton are known as "Yamatji" or "Wajarri" people. Wajarri country is inland from Geraldton and extends as far south and west as Mullewa, north to Gascoyne Junction and east to Meekatharra. The Aboriginal people of the Murchison-Gascoyne region were instrumental in assisting early settlers in the area in identifying permanent water sources, and worked in the pearling, pastoral and fishing industries.

Yamatji art is a distinctive style of painting, using thousands of dots of ochre and other earth-based pigments to create patterns and images relevant to Yamatji/Wajarri culture.

The Western Australia Museum at the marina in Geraldton hosts a permanent exhibit on Yamatji/Wajarri culture and history of the region.

European arrival[edit]

Though many European maritime explorers encountered or were even wrecked on the Houtman Abrolhos islands 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Geraldton during the 17th and 18th centuries, there is no evidence that any made landfall at or near the site of the current town.[citation needed]

The wreck of the Batavia, flagship of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) fleet on her maiden voyage, on Morning Reef of the Houtman Abrolhos on 4 June 1629, and the events surrounding the subsequent mutiny, rescue and punishment of her crew are of great historical significance to the region.[5] A detailed account of the events is recorded in a 24 December 1897 Western Mail article "The Abrolhos Tragedy",[6] translated from the notes of Francois Pelsaert, the commander of the Batavia when she ran aground. The Western Australian Museum in Geraldton houses an exhibition of clay pipes, silver coins, cannons, the original Batavia stone portico and numerous other relics recovered from the wreck of the Batavia and other notable local historical shipwrecks such as the Zuytdorp, Zeewijk and Vergulde Draeck.

The explorer George Grey, while on his second disastrous expedition along the Western Australian coast, passed over the future site of Geraldton on 7 April 1839.[7]

A decade later, explorer Augustus Gregory travelled through the area. A member of his party, Pemberton Walcott, discovered lead ore in 1848 in the bed of the Murchison River.[8][9] The Geraldine mine was subsequently established, named after Charles Fitzgerald, the 4th governor of Western Australia. The town of Geraldton was gazetted in 1850, also named after Governor Fitzgerald.

Economy[edit]

The output generated by the Greater Geraldton economy is estimated at $5.072 billion. Greater Geraldton represents 47.65% of the $10.645 billion in output generated in Mid West Region and 1.01% of the $501.018 billion in output generated in Western Australia.[10]

The population of Greater Geraldton has grown from 34,019 in 2001 to 39,311 in 2012,representing an increase of 15%. Unemployment in Greater Geraldton in September 2013 was estimated at 5.6%, compared to 4.7% in Western Australia and 5.6% nationally.[11] Greater Geraldton's population growth from 2012 to 2013 was 2.5% p.a.[12]

Port of Geraldton[edit]

The Port of Geraldton is a major West Coast port with seven bulk haulage berths and an average loading rate of seven tonnes per hour, ranking (in mass tonnage throughput 2011/2012) 18th nationally in imports (1,207,998); 16th in exports (9,219,483); and 20th overall (10,427,481).[13] [2012/2013 ranking data unavailable]

The major exports from Geraldton Port are (in mass tonnage, 2012/2013 data): Iron Ore, (10,741,662); wheat, (2,135, 875); mineral sands, (474,489); copper cons/ore, (362,249); and lupins (297,060). Major imports include petroleum products, (328,021) and mineral sands (119,416). In 2012/2013, the Geraldton Port serviced 428 bulk haulage vessels.[14]

Tourism[edit]

Visitors Centre[edit]

The Geraldton Visitor Centre is located in the Bill Sewell Complex on the corner of Chapman Rd and Bayly St.

Activities Calendar[edit]

A calendar of events for Geraldton activities is available from a local web service provider: http://everythinggeraldton.com.au/events/ Calendar of Geraldton events]

Point Moore Lighthouse[edit]

The Point Moore Lighthouse, located south of the Geraldton Port is a cultural and historical attraction. It is the oldest surviving Commonwealth lighthouse in Western Australia and was also the first steel tower to be constructed on the mainland of Australia. The Point Moore lighthouse stands 35m tall and its 1000w Tungsten Halogen Lamp can be seen for 23 nautical miles. It began operation in 1878.[15]

Houtman Abrolhos Islands[edit]

Geraldton is the only departure point for visiting the Houtman Abrolhos Islands; 122 islands which lie 60–80 km west of Geraldton. The Houtman Abrolhos Islands are an A-Class Reserve managed by the Department of Fisheries for the conservation of flora and fauna, for tourism, and for purposes associated with fishing and aquaculture industries. The waters surrounding the islands have special status as a Fish Habitat Protection Area for the conservation of fish, fish breeding areas and associated aquatic ecosystem, and are popular for aquatic tourism and recreational activities.[16] There is no accommodation or public facilities on the islands and tourists are permitted day visits only.

Geraldton Foreshore and City Centre[edit]

In 2007, the Geraldton foreshore area, previously an abandoned railway marshalling yard, was redeveloped and today hosts a playground with water activities, public green spaces, public beaches, picnic areas, basketball court and shaded play areas. The project was completed in 2008.

Geraldton is a regular port of call for luxury cruise ships with visits occurring approximately ten times per year. Volunteers, organised by the City of Greater Geraldton, greet visitors on arrival to provide information on activities and other assistance.[17]

HMAS Sydney Memorial[edit]

Memorial to HMAS Sydney

The memorial for the World War II cruiser HMAS Sydney is located on top of nearby Mount Scott.[18] The memorial recognises the loss of the light cruiser during a mutually destructive fight with the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran off Shark Bay in November 1941, with none of the 645 aboard surviving.[19] A temporary memorial, consisting of a large boulder, a flagpole, and a bronze plaque, was erected in 1998.[20] A permanent memorial (made up of four major elements: 1. a stele based on the ship's prow; 2. a granite wall listing the ship's company; 3. a bronze statue of a woman looking out to sea and waiting in vain for Sydney to return; and 4. a dome made up of 645 stainless steel seagulls) was dedicated on 18 November 2001, the day before the 60th anniversary of the battle.[21] In May 2009, the memorial was recognised by the Australian government as being of national significance.[19] [Note, this vessel is technically the "HMAS Sydney (II)", though most references identify it simply as the "HMAS Sydney", which was an earlier light cruiser that was retired from service in 1928 and broken up in 1929.][22]

Activities[edit]

Geraldton has a Mediterranean climate with dry, sunny conditions and warm sea temperatures throughout the summer. Mean sea temperatures in the summer months (measured at 10m) are consistently above 22C, often exceeding 24C.[23] Surface sea temperatures in summer regularly exceed 26C.[24]

The Geraldton foreshore area has pathways for walking, running, cycling, dog-walking, skateboarding and in-line skating. There are skate parks at Cape Burney, Maitland Park, Wonthella, Strathalbyn, Tarcoola Beach, Forrester and Drummond Cove.

Farmers markets occur on Saturday from 8am-12noon in Maitland Park on Cathedral Avenue and on Sunday at the Old Railway Station on the corner of Chapman Road and Forrest Street.

4WD access is permitted on many beaches around Geraldton. Access points are usually labelled with information and cautions. Road rules apply and beaches are patrolled by local rangers. Non-compliance to road rules or entry into prohibited areas attracts significant penalties. Many beaches are impassable at times around high tide and during periods of ocean surges. At certain times of year, access may become impossible due to beach erosion.

Kitesurfing and Windsurfing[edit]

During the spring, summer and early autumn months from September through April, Geraldton experiences consistent seabreezes. Kitestock, a national kitesurfing festival, is held in mid-February each year at nearby Dongara, approximately 60 km to the south of Geraldton. In 2005, Geraldton was host to the Australian KiteSurfing Association (AKSA) Australian National Championships.[25]

Kitesurfing and windsurfing locations in and near Geraldton include Back Beach, Separation Point ("Seppos"), Point Moore, Hell's Gate, St. George, Sunset Beach and Coronation Beach.

Coronation Beach is an internationally renowned windsurfing destination, located approximately 25 km north of the city. "Coros" is a port tack jumping site,[citation needed] with flat water on the inside and unhindered Indian Ocean rolling swell offshore. In the late afternoon, the wind often swings slightly more offshore and starboard tack waveriding becomes possible.

Surfing and Stand-Up Paddlesurfing[edit]

Surfing, and more recently Stand-Up Paddlesurfing, are also popular activities in and around Geraldton. Popular surf spots include Flat Rocks, Headbutts, Greenough, Back Beach, Sunset Beach and Glenfield. Stand-Up Paddlesurfing spots include Point Moore, Town Beach, The Foreshore, St. Georges Beach and Drummond Cove to the north.

In winter, local weather conditions shift to predominantly easterly (offshore) winds. Indian Ocean storms generate large swells that produce good conditions for surfing (though the fringe barrier reef protecting the Geraldton coastline blocks much of the swell, significantly reducing the size of the waves that reach the beaches). Large swells may create potentially dangerous rip currents as water flows through passages between the reef.

Fishing, Boating and Sailing[edit]

Saltwater fishing, boating and sailing are popular along Geraldton's coastline.

Local and visiting recreational fishermen and women target a wide variety of native sport fish from the beaches and wharves that includes Mulloway, Bream, Tailor, Whiting, Sharks and Cod; larger fish such as Dhufish, Mackerel, Tuna, Snapper, Sampsonfish, Coral Trout and larger sharks, amongst many others are found on Geraldton's offshore reefs, located from approximately 8 km to more than 80 km offshore. A recreational fishing license is not required when fishing from the shore but a license must be obtained from the Department of Fisheries to fish from a boat. Significant fines apply for non-compliance. Recreational fishing for local Western Rock Lobster is also permitted during the season from December–April (exact dates vary from year to year) however, a special license is required. Size and daily bag limits apply to certain species of fish and to all lobster catches.

The city is home to the Geraldton Yacht Club,[26] marking its 100th anniversary in 2014. Social sailing takes place at 8:30am on Sunday mornings.

Scuba Diving and Snorkelling[edit]

Scuba diving and snorkelling are popular activities around Geraldton. There are several wreck diving sites off the coast, including the South Tomi, which was sunk in 2004. The South Tomi is a 58.7 metre long, 9.81 metre wide vessel that was built by Niigata Engineering and Shipping Co Ltd. in Niigata City, Japan. In March 2001, the Republic of Togo registered South Tomi. The ship was identified fishing illegally in Australian sub-Antarctic waters and pursued by Australian Fisheries officers for 14 days, covering 3,300 nautical miles (approximately 6,100 kilometres). The vessel was boarded by Australian defence forces 320 nautical miles (approximately 600 km) south of Cape Town in South Africa and inspected. The vessel was found to be carrying an illegal catch of the protected Patagonian Toothfish and the vessel and its catch were confiscated by Australian authorities. The catch was sold by the Australian government for 1.4 million dollars as part of the vessel confiscation. The vessel was subsequently escorted 8,500 km to Western Australia and arrived on 5 May in Fremantle. The then City of Geraldton secured the vessel to be sunk for an artificial reef. The ship was subsequently towed from Fremantle to Geraldton and scuttled on Saturday 18 September 2004 approximately 2.9 nautical miles off the Geraldton coast. The site is registered with the WA Department of Fisheries as a wreck and is closed year round to fishing within the defined boundaries – commencing at 28°43.968' S and 114°33.392' E, then east to the intersection of 114°33.206' E, then north to the intersection of 28°43.752' S, then east to the intersection of 114°33.392' E, then south to the commencement point. Water depth at the site is approximately 24.5 metres and the deck is 13 metres from the surface. The wreck of the South Tomi is one of WA’s Top 10 Dive Wrecks and provides an easily accessible diving alternative to the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, located approximately 60 kilometres offshore which houses the regions’ other shipwrecks.[27]

Team Sports[edit]

Geraldton has a number of resident sporting teams, including AFL, Basketball, Netball, Soccer and Roller Derby League.

Geraldton is home to the Mid West Academy of Sport, a non-profit community organisation providing support to sporting talent (athletes, coaches, officials and administrators) throughout the Mid West Region of Western Australia.

Horse Racing[edit]

Geraldton is home to a horse racing industry and since 1887 has hosted the annual Geraldton Gold Cup meeting.

Events[edit]

The Geraldton Sunshine Festival,[28] established in 1958, is one of Australia's longest-running festivals. The festival takes place annually in October, celebrating the arrival of Spring and providing opportunities for residents and visitors to engage with local businesses and other organisations.

Beaches[edit]

St Georges Beach

The main beaches in Geraldton are Tarcoola Beach, Back Beach, Separation Point, Point Moore, Pages Beach, Town Beach, Champion Bay, St Georges, Sunset Beach, Bluff Point, and Drummond Cove. Facilities at individual beaches and parks can be found on the City of Greater Geraldton's web page.[29]

St. Francis Xavier Cathedral[edit]

St Francis Xavier Cathedral

The St Francis Xavier cathedral was designed by Monsignor John Hawes—an architect and a Catholic priest. Construction began in 1916 and was completed in 1938.

Entertainment[edit]

Queens Park Theatre is the largest entertainment and conference venue in Geraldton with a 673-seat auditorium (including box and circle seating), two large foyers with bars, a reception room, and a 500-seat outdoor amphitheatre. The theatre hosts professional events and performances from around the world.

The Orana Cinemas in the historic West End is Geraldton's only cineplex with 3D available on selected movies. During the summer months, a movie is sometimes shown at the side of Dome on Foreshore Drive by Sun City Cinema.

The main pubs near the Geraldton CBD are the Freemason's Hotel on Marine Terrace, The Camel Bar (next to the Post Office), The Vibe and the Geraldton Beach Hotel.

Restaurants in and around Geraldton offer many international cuisines catering to a variety of tastes.

Facilities and Services[edit]

Geraldton has a variety of hotels, healthcare facilities, restaurants, motels, clubs, retail shops, pubs, sporting venues and a marina.

Public Facilities[edit]

QantasLink and Virgin Australia Airlines operate from Geraldton Airport with daily flights to and from Perth. General aviation services include charter flights to the Abrolhos Islands, to WA minesites and to various tourist destinations. The main passenger terminal is equipped with a licensed café, a private lounge for hire and a free public WiFi hotspot. Flight training schools, aircraft maintenance facilities and a local aero club are based here. Construction is underway (2014) [30] on an Airport Technology Park.

The Greater Geraldton Regional Library at 37 Marine Terrace, is open seven days a week and provides free access to the Internet via a public WiFi hotspot—a courtesy service of the City of Greater Geraldton. Other free public WiFi hotspots are available along the Geraldton Foreshore from the marina to the Esplanade.

The Geraldton Batavia Coast Marina consists of three jetties, 47 commercial and recreation boat pens, 42 floating pens, boat ramps, toilets, carpark, fishing platform and a boardwalk.

Geraldton Volunteer Marine Rescue (active only on weekends and public holidays) monitor marine radio frequency 27.88 MHz and VHF Channel 16. Local groups also monitor other frequencies such as 27.90 MHz, 27.91 MHz and VHF channels 72 and 73, as well as their own channels.[31]

The Geraldton Regional Art Gallery, (On Chapman Road near the City Centre), opened in 1984 and was one of the first “A Class” regional galleries in Australia.[32]

The Geraldton "Aquarena", managed by the City of Greater Geraldton, has a 50m Olympic pool and a 25m lap pool, a leisure pool, water slide and hydrotherapy facilities, water polo, swimming squads and group fitness sessions. The facility is open to the public.(Entry fee)[33]

The Geraldton Digital Hub at 71 Marine Terrace provides free computer and online training for visitors and all members of the community, including travellers, residents, small to medium sized businesses and not for profit organisations.[34]

The Queen Elizabeth II Centre (QE2) is home to a variety of community and seniors' groups, and offers facilities for public hire, including two large halls with equipped kitchens. The QEII Centre is available for local and visiting seniors, group meetings and also provides an internet hub for seniors.

Privately owned facilities[edit]

There are six caravan parks in Geraldton, located in the suburbs of Greenough Rivermouth, Tarcoola Beach, Point Moore, Waggrakine, Sunset Beach, and Drummond Cove.[35]

Shopping malls in Geraldton include Northgate on Chapman Road north of the city; Sterling Centre on Sanford Street near the Civic Centre; the Homemaker Centre on NW Coastal Highway, north of the city; at Sunset Beach, Bluff Point and Glenfield, all on Chapman Road. (Additional shops (hardware and outdoor supplies) are located opposite the Homemaker Centre across NW Coastal Highway)

Chemists are located in the CBD on Marine Terrace, at Bluff Point Shopping Centre, and in Sterling Centre.

A co-working space connected to the National Broadband Network is located at City Hive on Marine Terrace.[36] (fees apply)

Trading Hours[edit]

Most retail services trade from 8:30am – 5:00pm Monday through Friday. Some larger shops remain open until 6:00pm or 7:00pm weekdays. Many shops are open for extended hours for Thursday night late trading until 8pm or 9pm. Trading hours on Saturday vary from store to store, with many shops closing by 2pm. Most small retail shops and major retailers are closed all day on Sundays, though there are some exceptions.

Communications[edit]

Geraldton is host to one of the 121 Points of Interconnection[37] for the Australian National Broadband Network (NBN), providing service to the largest geographic region in Australia. Geraldton was the first regional community in Western Australia where the NBN Fibre to the Premises (FttP) network was deployed in July 2013.[38] NBNCo provides a fixed wireless broadband service for some parts of the region and in 2013/2014 introduced high speed optic fibre broadband services to areas of Geraldton in and near the city centre.[39] Following the election of the Coalition Government on 7 September 2013, a controversial decision was announced to cease the rollout of Fibre-to-the-Premise broadband services via the National Broadband Network. The Mayor of City of Greater Geraldton, along with mayors from other regional areas, subsequently testified before a Senate Select Committee on 29 January 2014,[40] citing the community benefits that would flow from the continued rollout of the fibre optic network and urging the government to resume the rollout of FttP services to regional Australia.

A number of Internet Service Providers offer services to Geraldton that include (where available) Fibre to the Home (FttH) via NBNCo and private fibre networks and ADSL, as well as via public spectrum wireless links.

In 2012, The City of Greater Geraldton was one of 33 cities worldwide selected to receive a Smarter Cities® Challenge grant from IBM. The stated aim of the project is to "identify smart digital services and opportunities that leverage the increasing availability of broadband and to develop smart energy strategies that will enable the community’s vision of becoming a carbon-neutral region by 2029".[41]

Cable TV is not available in Geraldton, however, Digital TV is available via Free-to-Air services provider FreeTV.[42]

The region is serviced by the major mobile phone companies with 3G networks provided by Telstra, Optus and Vodafone, and 4G byTelstra.[43][44]

Health and Education[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

Geraldton has two hospitals: the Geraldton Regional Hospital (public) at 51 Shenton Street, and the St. John of God (private) hospital at 12 Hermitage Street, near Cathederal Avenue. Geraldton Regional Hospital is the only facility in Geraldton with a 24-hour Emergency Room.

Geraldton Regional Hospital is a 55-bed hospital comprising accident and emergency, medical, surgical, children's (there is a resident paediatrician available), maternity, intensive nursing, chemotherapy unit, day surgery and a renal dialysis unit.

Allied health services (speech pathology, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, pharmacy and audiology) are also available at the hospital.

St John of God Hospital is a 60-bed hospital with medical, surgical, acute care and palliative care. There is also an adjoining specialist centre where some of the residential specialists (three general surgeons, orthopaedic surgeon, obstetrician/gynaecologist, physician and anaesthetist) and visiting specialists' rooms are based.

There are 42 private practitioners now residing in Geraldton, including four general practitioners employed by the Geraldton Regional Aboriginal Medical Service (GRAMS). Most of the GPs in Geraldton will be involved in teaching Rural Clinical School students.

Geraldton has three consultant general surgeons, one orthopaedic surgeon, one obstetrician/gynaecologist, one paediatrician, one physician, one anaesthetist, one ophthalmologist, three radiologists, three psychiatrists, one psychologist and one vascular surgeon.

Visiting Specialists Geraldton has 37 visiting specialists covering a wide range of medical specialities. Most visit Geraldton monthly.

Community services include:

Aboriginal Medical Service, Community Drug Service Team, Community Health and Development Centre, Community Mental Health Team,

Private diagnostic facilities include:

Geraldton Radiology at SJOGH, PathCentre at GRH, SJOG Pathology at SJOGH.[45]

Tertiary Education[edit]

Geraldton Universities Centre[edit]

The Geraldton Universities Centre[46] is an independent, not-for-profit, incorporated body, supporting university courses in Geraldton on behalf of a range of universities including CQUniversity, Charles Sturt University and the University of Southern Queensland. The centre is an Australian first with university places allocated specifically for Geraldton, allowing students to study locally while living and working in the Mid West. The majority of graduates now work in regional Western Australia. The student body has grown from 20 student places in 2001 to 180 enrolled students in 2010 undertaking a range of bridging and full degree programs.

TAFE[edit]

Durack Institute of Technology[edit]

Durack Institute of Technology is a college of TAFE providing education, training programs and services to the community including school leavers, mature age students, industry/corporate groups, international students, employers and those who study for their own personal and professional development.

Batavia Coast Marine Institute[edit]

The Batavia Coast Maritime Institute (BCMI), a subsidiary of Durack Institute of Technology, is a training, research and development facility located at Separation Point in Geraldton. BCMI offers coursework in Aquaculture, Aquaponics, Conservation & Land Management, Coxswain, Master Class V, Horticulture, Environmental Science, Marine Engine Driving Grade 1&2,Laboratory Sciences, Sustainability, Marine VHF Radio, Recreational Skippers Ticket and Restricted Coxswains.

Primary and Secondary Schools and Colleges[edit]

School Year Range Funding
Alendale Primary School K-7 Private
Beachlands Primary School K-7 Public
Mt. Tarcoola Primary School K-7 Public
Bluff Point Primay School K-7 Private
Waggrakine Pre-Primary PP Public
Geraldton Senior College 10–12 Public
John Willcock College 8–9 Public
Nagle Catholic College 7–12 Private
Geraldton Grammar School K–12 Private
Strathalbyn Christian College K–12 Private

Nearby[edit]

North of Geraldton is the town of Northampton.

East of Northhampton is the Hutt River Principality, (an area approximately the size of Hong Kong) which claims to be an independent nation since its self-proclaimed secession from Western Australia in 1969. Hutt River Principality is governed by Prince Leonard (Casley). The government office on the property displays its own coins minted at the Perth Mint, postage stamps and a constitution. On its web page, Hutt River Principality claims to have a diplomatic security force.[47] Correspondence with the Australian Tax office is displayed showing the principality's tax-exempt status.

The Houtman Abrolhos islands are 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Geraldton.

The Square Kilometre Array project is located 315 km NE of Geraldton in the Murchison Region. The Square Kilometre Array, or SKA, is a global radio telescope project involving institutions in more than 20 countries. The SKA will be the largest and most capable radio telescope ever constructed—50 times more sensitive than any other radio instrument. Australia and southern Africa will each host different components of the SKA. Management of the facilities at the SKA is coordinated from the CSIRO offices and laboratories in Geraldton.

Other[edit]

The Australian Defence Satellite Communications Station (ADSCS) is located at Kojarena, inland near Geraldton.

Transportation[edit]

Geraldton has a public bus service run by TransGeraldton and is connected to Perth with coach services provided by Transwa. QantasLink and Virgin Australia provide services from Geraldton Airport; the airport is also used for general aviation.

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

Radio services available in Geraldton:

  • Tourist Radio (88.0FM)–(Information for travellers and tourists)
  • 6 TTT (97.3FM) – (Community Access Radio Station)
  • ABC Midwest & Wheatbelt (6GN 828 AM) – Part of the ABC Local Radio Network.
  • ABC Radio National – (6ABCRN 99.7 FM) – Speciality talk and music.
  • Triple J – (6JJJ 98.9 FM) – Music for young Australians (non-commercial, ABC affiliate)
  • ABC News Radio – (6PNN 101.3 FM) – Rolling News bulletins, news magazine programs and LIVE coverage from Federal Parliament House of Representatives.
  • ABC Classic FM – (6ABCFM 94.9 FM) – Classical and Jazz Music.
  • WAFM (96.5FM) – Top 40 Music
  • The Spirit Network (Radio 6BAY FM 98.1 \ 1512 AM) – Classic Hits / Adult Contemporary Music format aimed at 35 years + audience.
  • Radio Mama- 100.5FM- Indigenous Community station

Television[edit]

Broadcast television services available in Geraldton:

The programming schedule is mainly the same as the Seven, Nine and Ten stations in Perth, with variations for news bulletins, sport telecasts such as the Australian Football League and National Rugby League, children's and lifestyle programs and advertorials. GWN7 produces a 30-minute regional news program each weeknight (originating from Bunbury) with a newsroom based in Geraldton, covering the local area.

Newspapers[edit]

Since 1906 the Geraldton Guardian has been the local newspaper for Geraldton and the wider Mid West / Wheatbelt region. The Geraldton Guardian is published on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. The Midwest Times is published on Thursday and is issued free to residents and businesses in the Geraldton and the Midwest.

Yamaji News, published since 1995 by the Yamaji Languages Aboriginal Corporation, is a fortnightly Geraldton newspaper presenting issues and stories affecting indigenous people in the Gascoyne and Murchison districts.[48]

Digital news sources include Everything Geraldton, a locally based community and news company. It incorporates a website, smartphone app and Facebook page.

Notable residents[edit]

Climate[edit]

Geraldton has a Mediterranean climate. In the winter, the temperature is rather mild, averaging around 20 °C (68 °F), with most of the yearly rainfall falling in this period. This is due to cold fronts from Antarctica moving up and hitting the coast. In the summer months, Geraldton averages 31–32 °C (88–90 °F), with some days over 40 °C (104 °F). High pressure in the Great Australia Bight sends warm easterly winds to Geraldton and a west-coast trough is formed. Hot weather generally persists for a few days as the trough moves inland. Daily afternoon sea breezes cool coastal areas and summer temperatures in coastal suburbs of Geraldton (Seacrest, Tarcoola, Geraldton CBD, Beresford, Sunset Beach, Bluff Point and Drummond Cove) are generally cooler than in inland suburbs, such as Strathalbyn, Utakarra, Woorree, Deepdale and Moonyoonooka.

Climate data for Geraldton Airport, Moonyoonooka (1941–2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.7
(117.9)
47.3
(117.1)
45.2
(113.4)
39.4
(102.9)
36.6
(97.9)
29.5
(85.1)
29.0
(84.2)
31.6
(88.9)
36.1
(97)
40.7
(105.3)
43.8
(110.8)
46.8
(116.2)
47.7
(117.9)
Average high °C (°F) 31.6
(88.9)
32.6
(90.7)
31.0
(87.8)
27.7
(81.9)
24.1
(75.4)
20.9
(69.6)
19.5
(67.1)
20.1
(68.2)
22.1
(71.8)
24.5
(76.1)
27.2
(81)
29.6
(85.3)
25.9
(78.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.3
(64.9)
19.1
(66.4)
17.9
(64.2)
15.4
(59.7)
12.9
(55.2)
11.0
(51.8)
9.5
(49.1)
8.9
(48)
9.2
(48.6)
10.9
(51.6)
13.8
(56.8)
16.3
(61.3)
13.6
(56.5)
Record low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
10.0
(50)
8.8
(47.8)
6.1
(43)
2.1
(35.8)
0.5
(32.9)
−0.4
(31.3)
1.2
(34.2)
1.2
(34.2)
2.4
(36.3)
3.8
(38.8)
7.7
(45.9)
−0.4
(31.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5.7
(0.224)
11.0
(0.433)
15.9
(0.626)
24.1
(0.949)
69.9
(2.752)
100.4
(3.953)
92.7
(3.65)
64.5
(2.539)
32.5
(1.28)
19.0
(0.748)
9.3
(0.366)
5.4
(0.213)
448.6
(17.661)
Source: [50]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Geraldton (Significant Urban Area)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.gpa.wa.gov.au
  3. ^ "Western Rock Lobster". http://www.fish.wa.gov.au/. Western Australia Department of Fisheries. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Cane, Scott (2013). First Footprints: The epic story of the first Australians. Allen & Unwin. 
  5. ^ "Batavia's History". http://museum.wa.gov.au/. Western Australia Government. Retrieved May 2013. 
  6. ^ "The Abrolhos Tragedy". The Western Mail. Retrieved 20 Feb 2014. 
  7. ^ Grey, George (1841). Journals of two expeditions of discovery in North-West and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 38, and 39, describing many newly discovered, important, and fertile districts, with observations on the moral and physical condition of the aboriginal inhabitants, etc. etc. 2. London: T. and W. Boone. p. 26. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  8. ^ Birman, Mary (1979). Gregory of Rainworth : a man in his time. Nedlands, WA: University of Western Australia Press. p. 32. ISBN 0855641657. 
  9. ^ Gregory, A.C. (25 November 1848). "Geological Remarks". The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News. p. 2. Retrieved 18 Nov 2013. 
  10. ^ "Geraldton 2013 Gross State Product, REMPLAN". www.abs.gov.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2013. 
  11. ^ "6202.0 - Labour Force, Australia, Sep 2013". www.abs.gov.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "Australian Bureau of Statistics, Regional Population Growth, Cat. 3218.0 (Released on 30 August 2013.". www.abs.gov.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 28 Feb 2014. 
  13. ^ "Total Throughput (mass tonnes) for 2011/2012". http://www.portsaustralia.com.au/. Ports Australia. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "Geraldton Port Authority 2012/2013 Trade Statistics". www.gpa.wa.gov.au. Government of Western Australia. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "Lighthouses of Western Australia, The Point Moore Lighthouse". http://www.lightouse.net.au. Lighthouses of Western Australia. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  16. ^ The Abrolhos Islands Information Guide. Government of Western Australia, Department of Fisheries. January 2012. p. 4. 
  17. ^ "Meet and Greeters Recognised for Hard Work". www.cg.gov.au. City of Greater Geraldton. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  18. ^ McCarthy, Michael (June 2002). "The HMAS Sydney/HSK Kormoran engagement: an analysis of events leading up the 60th anniversary celebrations in November 2001". Western Australian Maritime Museum. Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "HMAS Sydney II Declared a National Memorial" (pdf) (Press release). Minister for Veterans' Affairs. 21 May 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  20. ^ McDonald, Glenys (2005). Seeking the Sydney: a quest for truth. Crawley, WA: University of Western Australia Press. p. 205. ISBN 1-920694-54-4. OCLC 62557643. 
  21. ^ McDonald, Seeking the Sydney, pp. 206-11
  22. ^ "HMAS Sydney". https://www.awm.gov.au. Australian Government. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  23. ^ "Coastal Ocean Temperatures off WA". http://www.marine.csiro.au. Australian Commonwealth Government. 
  24. ^ "Geraldton Port Authority Seaview Main Shipping Channel Entrance Sea Surface Temperature". https://www.gpa.wa.gov.au. Geraldton Port Authority. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  25. ^ "2005 AKSA National Championships, Geraldton". http://www.seabreeze.com.au. Australian KiteSurfing Association. Retrieved 25 May 2005. 
  26. ^ "About the Geraldton Yacht Club". http://www.gyc.yachting.org.au. Geraldton Yacht Club. Retrieved 27 Feb 2014. 
  27. ^ "South Tomi Fact Sheet". www.cgg.wa.gov.au. The City of Greater Geraldton. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  28. ^ "The Geraldton Sunshine Festival". http://www.sunshinefestival.com.au. Sunshine Festival Organisers. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  29. ^ "Parks and Beach Facilities in Geraldton". www.cgg.wa.gov.au. City of Greater Geraldton. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  30. ^ "City Starts Delivery of Technology Park". www.cgg.wa.gov.au. City of Greater Geraldton. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  31. ^ "Geraldton Volunteer Marine Rescue". http://geraldton-vmr.org.au/. Geraldton Marine Rescue. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  32. ^ http://artgallery.cgg.wa.gov.au. City of Greater Geraldton http://artgallery.cgg.wa.gov.au/about |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  33. ^ "Geraldton Aquarena". www.cgg.wa.gov.au. City of Greater Geraldton. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  34. ^ "Geraldton Digital Hub". City of Greater Geraldton. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  35. ^ "Caravan parks in Greater Geraldton". www.googlemaps.com. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  36. ^ "City Hive". http://pollinators.org.au. Pollinators.org.au. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  37. ^ "NBN Points of Interconnection". www.accc.gov.au. Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. Retrieved July 2013. 
  38. ^ "NBN switched on in Geraldton". www.abc.net.au. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  39. ^ "NBN rollout map". National Broadband Network. NBN Co Limited. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  40. ^ "National Broadband Network Senate Select Committee 29 January 2014". http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  41. ^ "Summary Report, City of Geraldton IBM Smarter Cities Challenge". www.cgg.wa.gov.au. City of Greater Geraldton. Retrieved 25 Feb 2014. 
  42. ^ "FreeTV, Free to Air TV in Western Australia". http://www.freetv.com.au/. http://www.freetv.com.au/. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  43. ^ "Optus expands mobile coverage in Geraldton". SingTel Optus Pty Limited. 17 February 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  44. ^ Pappas, Liana (27 September 2011). "Telstra lights up 4G mobile services in Australia". Macworld Australia (Niche Media Pty Ltd). Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  45. ^ "Geraldton, The Rural Clinical School of WA". http://www.rcs.uwa.edu.au/. University of Western Australia, Rural Clinical School of WA. Retrieved 21 Feb 2014. 
  46. ^ "Gerladton Universities Centre". http://www.guc.edu.au/. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  47. ^ Casely, Leonard. "Hutt River Principality Diplomatic Security Force". Hutt River Principality. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  48. ^ "Yamaji news". SLWA Online Catalogue. State Library of Western Australia. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  49. ^ Kovacic, Leonarda; Lemon, Barbara (20 May 2005). "Pilkington, Doris (1937 - )". The Australian Women's Register. The National Foundation for Australian Women & The University of Melbourne. Retrieved 20 Feb 2014. 
  50. ^ Bureau of Meteorology (6 March 2014). "Geraldton Airport Comparison - Site 008051 (1941–2014)". Climate statistics for Australian locations - Monthly climate statistics. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Geraldton, Western Australia at Wikimedia Commons