Geranium macrorrhizum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Geranium macrorrhizum
Geranium macrorrhizum flowers.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Geraniales
Family: Geraniaceae
Genus: Geranium
Species: G. macrorrhizum
Binomial name
Geranium macrorrhizum
L.

Geranium macrorrhizum is a species of hardy flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the genus Geranium, Geraniaceae family. It is native to the South east Alps and the Balkans.[1] Its common names include bigroot geranium, Bulgarian geranium, and rock cranesbill. [2]

It has five-lobed (palmate) leaves that are aromatic when crushed, with pale pink flowers in summer. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions, where it is used as a flowering groundcover, with named cultivars selected for flower colors from white through pink to magenta. The cultivar 'Ingwersen's Variety' (pale pink)[3] has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

The plant is used for medical purposes in the traditional herbal medicine since it possesses high antimicrobial [4] properties. Essential oil is prepared from it so it is also used in aromatherapy. In Bulgaria an oil is extracted from this plant, the name of which in Bulgarian means 'the healthy one'. In addition to essential oil, it contains flavonoids, sesquiterpenes, phenolic acids, pigments, vitamins, and mineral salts. A major component of essential oil is the sesquiterpene ketone germacrone.

References[edit]

External links[edit]