Gerda Steinhoff

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Guards of Stutthof and Bromberg-Ost Concentration Camps at the Stutthof Trial between 25 April and 31 May 1946 at Gdańsk. Gerda Steinhoff, front row center
Gerda Steinhoff (left) and Johann Pauls after their executions on 4 July 1946

Gerda Steinhoff (29 January 1922 – 4 July 1946) born in Danzig-Langfuhr (Polish: Wrzeszcz), was a Nazi concentration camp overseer following the 1939 German invasion of Poland.

SS career[edit]

In 1939, Steinhoff became a cook, married and had one child. In 1944, because of the Nazi call for new guards, she joined the camp staff at Stutthof. On 1 October 1944, she became a Blockleiterin in Stutthof women's camp SK-III. There, she took part in selections of prisoners to be sent to the gas chambers. On 31 October 1944, she was promoted to Second SS-Oberaufseherin and was assigned to the Danzig-Holm subcamp.[citation needed]

On 1 December 1944 she was reassigned to Bromberg-Ost female subcamp of Stutthof located in Bydgoszcz not far from Gdańsk. There on 25 January 1945, she received a medal for her loyalty and service to the Third Reich. She was devoted to her job in the camps and was known as a ruthless overseer. Shortly before the end of World War II, she fled the camp and went back home.[citation needed]

Arrest, trial and execution[edit]

On 25 May 1945, she was arrested by Polish officials and sent to prison. She stood trial with the other SS women and kapos and was convicted and condemned to death for her involvement in the selections and what was called her sadistic abuse of prisoners. She was publicly hanged (by the short drop method) on 4 July 1946 at Biskupia Gorka Hill, near Gdańsk.[citation needed]

See also[edit]