Geresh (trope)

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This article is about the cantillation mark. For the punctuation mark, see Geresh.
Geresh
גֵּ֜רֵשׁ ֜ מָנ֜וֹחַ
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnachta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tifcha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

Geresh (Hebrew: גֵּ֜רֵשׁ‎, with variant English spellings) is a cantillation mark found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible. It is most often found together with the Kadma, in which case the pair is known as Kadma-V'Azla, but it can also be found independently, in which case it is referred to as Azla Geresh or simply as Geresh.

The Geresh occurs 1733 times in the Torah in the Kadma-V'Azla pair, and 1112 times separately.[1]

The Hebrew word גֵּ֜רֵשׁ translates into English as driving out.

Total occurrences[edit]

Book Geresh Azla
Torah 1112[1] 1733[1]
   Genesis 244[1] 427[1]
   Exodus 228[1] 373[1]
   Leviticus 175[1] 307[1]
   Numbers 223[1] 393[1]
   Deuteronomy 242[1] 413[1]
Nevi'im 957[2] 1492[2]
Ketuvim 780[2] 1240[2]

Melody[edit]

Gereshtrope.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  2. ^ a b c d Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5