Gerhard Borrmann

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Gerhard Borrmann (April 30, 1908 – April 12, 2006) was a German physicist.

He was born in Diedenhofen, then part of Germany, and received his early education there. He continued his secondary school at Gießen, where he apprenticed at a steel mill. After studying at the Technische Universität München and Technische Hochschule Danzig, he wrote his Ph.D. thesis on the Kossel effect while working at the laboratory of Walther Kossel in Danzig. Following his doctorate, he continued to work at the laboratory as an assistant to Kossel, where he studied X-ray transmission through thin crystal foils. Due to his refusal to join the Nazi Party he was forced to leave laboratory in 1938, upon which he went to work with Max von Laue at the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Physikalische Chemie und Elektrochemie (KWI). There he discovered a phenomenon regarding the anomalous low absorption of X-rays that became known as the "Borrmann effect" (or "Borrmann-Campbell effect", for Herbert N. Campbell.)[1]

Following the war, in 1951 Bormann was offered the Kristalloptik der Röntgenstrahlen department of the KWI.[1] He became a Scientific Fellow in 1956.[2] He was appointed Professor at the Technische Universität Berlin, retiring in 1970. In 1996, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kristallographie honored Gerhard Borrmann pioneering work in X-ray diffraction with the first Carl-Hermann Medal.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Authier, A.; Klapper, H. (2007). "Gerhard Borrmann (1908–2006) and Gerhard Hildebrandt (1922–2005): their life stories and their contribution to the revival of dynamical theory in the 1950’s". Physica Status Solidi (a) 204 (8): 2515–2527. Bibcode:2007PSSAR.204.2515A. doi:10.1002/pssa.200675668. 
  2. ^ "6. Incorporation into the Max-Planck Society". Historical Review of the Fritz-Haber-Institut. Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. Retrieved 2011-04-11.