German black pied (cattle)
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Until the 18th century cattle of diverse colours were bred in these regions. After 1750 the black pied coloured type was dominant. But there are still also unicoloured red and red pied cattle.
In 1878 in East Frisia (Germany), the first breeding company was founded. After that, East Frisia and East Prussia (today Russia, Lithuania, and Poland) were the most important breeding regions of the breed. Later it extended over the whole of northern and central Germany.
The original breeding type was conserved in East Germany as a genetic reserve. Individual breeders in West Germany and in the Netherlands were also able to conserve the original type.
German black pieds are smaller than Holstein Friesians and with a lower milk volume, but they are more fertile and long-lived.
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