German Chess Championship

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The German Chess Championship has been played since 1861, and determines the national champion.

Prior to 1880 three different federations organized chess activities in Germany: the Westdeutscher Schachbund (WDSB), the Norddeutscher Schachbund (NDSB) and the Mitteldeutscher Schachbund (MDSB). Each one organized its own championship. In 1880, the nation-wide Deutscher Schachbund was founded, so afterwards only one German championship was played.

Starting from 1933 the Third Reich took control of all social activities and until 1943 all chess championships were organized by the Groβdeutscher Schachbund. After the end of World war II, separate championships were played in the occupied zones. Afterwards, from 1950 to 1989, two national championships were held in the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.

After the reunification of Germany in 1989, a single tournament has been played.

Championships 1861-1932[edit]

Max Lange
Adolf Anderssen
Louis Paulsen

WDSB-Congresses 1861-1880[edit]

# Year City Winner
1 1861 Düsseldorf no masters participated
2 1862 Düsseldorf Max Lange
3 1863 Düsseldorf Max Lange
4 1864 Düsseldorf Max Lange
5 1865 Elberfeld Gustav Neumann
6 1867 Cologne Wilfried Paulsen
7 1868 Aachen Max Lange
8 1869 Barmen Adolf Anderssen
9 1871 Krefeld Louis Paulsen
10 1876 Düsseldorf Wilfried Paulsen
11 1877 Cologne Johannes Zukertort
12 1878 Frankfurt Louis Paulsen
13 1880 Braunschweig Louis Paulsen

MDSB-Congresses 1871-1877[edit]

# Year City Winner
1 1871 Leipzig Adolf Anderssen
2 1876 Leipzig Adolf Anderssen
3 1877 Leipzig Louis Paulsen

NDSB-Congresses 1868-1872[edit]

# Year City Winner
1 1868 Hamburg Max Lange
2 1869 Hamburg Adolf Anderssen
3 1872 Altona Adolf Anderssen

German Congresses 1879-1932[edit]

Siegbert Tarrasch
Carl Schlechter
Efim Bogoljubow
# Year City Winner
1 1879  Leipzig Berthold Englisch
2 1881  Berlin Joseph Henry Blackburne 
3 1883  Nuremberg Simon Winawer
4 1885  Hamburg Isidor Gunsberg
5 1887  Frankfurt George Henry Mackenzie
6 1889  Breslau Siegbert Tarrasch
7 1892  Dresden Siegbert Tarrasch
8 1893  Kiel Carl Walbrodt
Curt von Bardeleben
9 1894  Leipzig Siegbert Tarrasch
10 1896  Eisenach Robert Henry Barnes
11 1898  Cologne Amos Burn
12 1900  Munich Géza Maróczy
Harry Nelson Pillsbury
Carl Schlechter
13 1902  Hannover Dawid Janowski
14 1904  Coburg Curt von Bardeleben
Carl Schlechter
Rudolf Swiderski
15 1906  Nuremberg Frank James Marshall
16 1908  Düsseldorf Frank James Marshall
17 1910  Hamburg Carl Schlechter
18 1912  Breslau Oldřich Duras
Akiba Rubinstein
19 1914  Mannheim Alexander Alekhine
20 1920  Berlin Friedrich Sämisch
21 1921  Hamburg Ehrhardt Post
22 1922  Bad Oeynhausen  Ehrhardt Post
23 1923  Frankfurt Ernst Grünfeld
24 1925  Breslau Efim Bogoljubow
25 1927  Magdeburg Rudolf Spielmann
26 1929  Duisburg Carl Ahues
27 1931  Swinemünde Efim Bogoljubow
Ludwig Rödl
28 1932  Bad Ems Georg Kieninger

German Championships 1933-1949[edit]

Third Reich championships 1933-1943[edit]

# Year City Winner
1 1933  Bad Pyrmont  Efim Bogoljubow
2 1934  Bad Aachen  Carl Carls
3 1935  Bad Aachen  Kurt Richter
4 1937  Bad Oeynhausen  Georg Kieninger
5 1938  Bad Oeynhausen  Erich Eliskases
6 1939  Bad Oeynhausen   Erich Eliskases
7 1940  Bad Oeynhausen  Georg Kieninger
8 1941  Bad Oeynhausen  Paul Felix Schmidt 
 Klaus Junge
9 1942  Bad Oeynhausen  Ludwig Rellstab
10 1943  Vienna  Josef Lokvenc

Western and Soviet zones championships[edit]

1. Western zone championships (1947–1953)[edit]

# Year City Winner
1 1947  Weidenau  Georg Kieninger
2 1948  Essen  Wolfgang Unzicker 
3 1949  Bad Pyrmont            Efim Bogoljubow
4 1950  Bad Pyrmont  Wolfgang Unzicker
5 1951  Düsseldorf  Rudolf Teschner
6 1953  Leipzig  Wolfgang Unzicker

2. Soviet zone championships[edit]

# Year City Winner
1 1946  Leipzig  Berthold Koch
2 1947  Weissenfels  Lothar Schmid
3 1948  Bad Doberan  Rudolf Teschner
4 1949  Bad Klosterlausnitz   Wolfgang Pietzsch 

West and East Germany championships[edit]

Wolfgang Unzicker
Robert Hübner
Wolfgang Uhlmann

West Germany championships 1953-1989[edit]

# Year City Winner
1 1953 Berlin  Wolfgang Unzicker
2 1955 Frankfurt am Main  Klaus Darga
3 1957 Bad Neuenahr  Paul Tröger
4 1959 Nürnberg  Wolfgang Unzicker
5 1961 Bad Pyrmont  Klaus Darga
6 1963 Bad Pyrmont  Wolfgang Unzicker
7 1965 Bad Aibling  Wolfgang Unzicker, Helmut Pfleger 
8 1967 Kiel  Robert Hübner, Hans Besser
9 1969 Königsfeld  Manfred Christoph
10 1970 Völklingen  Hans-Joachim Hecht
11 1971 Berlin  Svetozar Gligorić (international)
12 1972 Oberursel  Hans Günther Kestler
13 1973 Dortmund  Hans-Joachim Hecht, Ulf Andersson 
 Boris Spassky (international) 
14 1974 Menden  Peter Ostermeyer
15 1975 Mannheim  Walter Browne (international)
16 1976 Bad Pyrmont  Klaus Wockenfuss
17 1977 Bad Lauterberg  Anatoly Karpov (international)
18 1978 Bad Neuenahr  Ludek Pachman
19 1979 Munich  Boris Spassky, Yuri Balashov
 Ulf Andersson (international)
20 1980 Bad Neuenahr  Eric Lobron
21 1981 Bochum  Lubomir Kavalek (international)
22 1982 Bad Neuenahr  Manfred Glienke
23 1983 Hannover  Anatoly Karpov (international)
24 1984 Bad Neuenahr  Eric Lobron
25 1987 Bad Neuenahr  Vlastimil Hort, Ralf Lau
26 1988 Bad Lauterberg  Bernd Schneider
27 1989 Bad Neuenahr  Vlastimil Hort, Eckhart Schmittdiel


Hans-Joachim Hecht

East Germany championships 1950-1990[edit]

# Year City Winner
1 1950 Sömmerda  Rudolf Elstner
2 1951 Schwerin  Georg Stein
3 1952 Binz  Berthold Koch
4 1953 Jena  Reinhart Fuchs
5 1954 Meerane  Wolfgang Uhlmann
6 1955 Zwickau  Wolfgang Uhlmann
7 1956 Leipzig  Reinhart Fuchs
8 1957 Sömmerda  Burkhard Malich
9 1958 Schkopau  Wolfgang Uhlmann
10 1959 Leipzig  Wolfgang Pietzsch
11 1961 Premnitz  Lothar Zinn
12 1962 Gera  Wolfgang Pietzsch
13 1963 Aschersleben  Günther Möhring
14 1964 Magdeburg  Wolfgang Uhlmann
15 1965 Annaberg-Buchholz   Lothar Zinn
16 1967 Colditz  Wolfgang Pietzsch
17 1968 Weimar  Wolfgang Uhlmann
18 1969 Schwerin  Lutz Espig
19 1970 Freiberg  Friedrich Baumbach
20 1971 Strausberg  Lutz Espig
21 1972 Görlitz  Manfred Schöneberg
22 1973 Erfurt  Burkhard Malich
23 1974 Potsdam  Rainer Knaak
24 1975 Stralsund  Wolfgang Uhlmann, Rainer Knaak
25 1976 Gröditz  Wolfgang Uhlmann
26 1977 Frankfurt/Oder  Lothar Vogt
27 1978 Eggesin  Rainer Knaak
28 1979 Suhl  Lothar Vogt
29 1980 Plauen  Hans-Ulrich Grünberg
30 1981 Fürstenwalde  Wolfgang Uhlmann
31 1982 Salzwedel  Rainer Knaak
32 1983 Cottbus  Rainer Knaak, Wolfgang Uhlmann 
33 1984 Eilenburg  Rainer Knaak
34 1985 Jüterbog  Wolfgang Uhlmann
35 1986 Nordhausen  Wolfgang Uhlmann
36 1987 Glauchau  Raj Tischbierek
37 1988 Stralsund  Lutz Espig, Thomas Pähtz
38 1989 Zittau  Hans-Ulrich Grünberg
39 1990 Bad Blankenburg  Raj Tischbierek, Thomas Pähtz

German championships since 1991[edit]

Thomas Luther
Artur Yusupov
# Year City Winner
1 1991  Bad Neuenahr  Vlastimil Hort
2 1993  Bad Wildbad  Thomas Luther, Thomas Pähtz
3 1994  Binz  Peter Enders
4 1995  Binz Christopher Lutz
5 1996  Dudweiler  Matthias Wahls
6 1996  Nussloch  Rustem Dautov, Artur Yusupov 
7 1997  Gladenbach  Matthias Wahls
8 1998  Bremen  Jörg Hickl
9 1999  Altenkirchen  Robert Hübner
10 2000  Heringsdorf  Robert Rabiega
11 2001  Altenkirchen  Christopher Lutz
12 2002  Saarbrücken  Thomas Luther
13 2004  Höckendorf  Alexander Graf
14 2005  Altenkirchen  Artur Yusupov
15 2006  Osterburg  Thomas Luther
16 2007  Bad Königshofen   Arkadij Naiditsch
17 2008  Bad Wörishofen  Daniel Fridman
18 2009  Saarbrücken  Arik Braun
19 2010  Bad Liebenzell  Niclas Huschenbeth
20 2011  Bonn  Igor Khenkin
21 2012  Osterburg  Daniel Fridman
22 2013  Saarbrücken  Klaus Bischoff
23 2014  Verden an der Aller  Daniel Fridman

Women[edit]

Elisabeth Pähtz
Year City Winner
1993  Bad Mergentheim  Marina Olbrich
1994  Rinteln  Isabel Delemarre
1995  Krefeld  Ekaterina Borulya
1999  Chemnitz  Elisabeth Pähtz
2001  Krefeld  Jessica Schmidt
2003  Altenkirchen  Annemarie Sylvia Meier
2007  Osterburg  Luba Kopylov
2008  Kehl  Antje Fuchs
2009  Hockenheim  Polina Zilberman
2011  Bonn  Sarah Hoolt
2013  Bad Wiessee  Hanna Marie Klek

References[edit]

External links[edit]