German Football League 2

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German Football League 2
GFLlogo.png
Sport American football
Founded 1982
No. of teams 16
Country  Germany
Most recent champion(s) North: Hamburg Huskies
South: Kirchdorf Wildcats
Official website gfl.info

The German Football League 2 (GFL) is the second tier of American football in Germany, below the German Football League. Until 2007, the league was known as the 2. Bundesliga.[1]

League structure[edit]

The GFL 2, formerly the 2. Bundesliga, which was formed in 1982,[2] is divided into a northern and southern division, which eight teams in each division. Unlike the GFL, there are no inter conference games and no GFL 2 champion is determined.

For the 2011 season, both the northern and the southern champions were promoted, while the runners-up of the two divisions played the last placed team in the GFL division above for another spot in the league in 2012.[3] Since then the two division champions play a home-and-away series for a place each in the northern and southern division of the GFL.

Below the GFL 2, five Regionalligas, Regional Leagues, are set, North, South, West, Central and East. Four teams each are promoted each season from the Regionalliga to the GFL 2. However, additional spots may become available if teams resign from either the GFL or the GFL 2.[2]

Promotion to the GFL 2 is achieved through a promotion round at the end of the Regionalliga season which includes the best Regionalliga teams. For the southern division of the GFL 2 the champions of the southern and central division of the Regionalliga play the runners-up from the other division with the winners of each contest being promoted. For the northern GFL 2 division the champions of the Regionalliga divisions north, west and east play each other once to determined the two promoted teams.

League history[edit]

The league was formed as the 2nd American Football Bundesliga in 1982, consisting of 16 clubs in three regional divisions. League strength varied from season to season after this, but the three division format was retained until 1986, when a fourth regional group was added.[2]

In 1995, the league was reduced to two divisions with seven clubs each. The strength was increased to eight teams per division in 1998 but continued to fluctuate because of teams withdrawing.[2]

Promotion to the GFL 2 is achieved through the promotion round of the best Regionalliga clubs whereby the champions from the south plays the runners-up from central division and the champions from central the runners-up from the south. The winners of these two contests earn a place in the southern division of the GFL 2 for the following season. In the north the champions Of the Regionalliga divisions North,

GFL 2 Teams in 2014[edit]

GFL 2 North[edit]

Team City State
Bielefeld Bulldogs Bielefeld North Rhine-Westphalia
Bonn Gamecocks Bonn North Rhine-Westphalia
Cologne Crocodiles Cologne North Rhine-Westphalia
Elmshorn Fighting Pirates Elmshorn Schleswig-Holstein
Hamburg Huskies Hamburg Hamburg
Hildesheim Invaders Hildesheim Lower Saxony
Lübeck Cougars Lübeck Schleswig-Holstein
Troisdorf Jets Troisdorf North Rhine-Westphalia

GFL 2 South[edit]

Team City State
Darmstadt Diamonds Darmstadt Hesse
Frankfurt Pirates Frankfurt Hesse
Frankfurt Universe Frankfurt Hesse
Holzgerlingen Twister Holzgerlingen Baden-Württemberg
Kirchdorf Wildcats Kirchdorf am Inn Bavaria
Nürnberg Rams Nuremberg Bavaria
Ravensburg Razorbacks Ravensburg Baden-Württemberg
Wiesbaden Phantoms Wiesbaden Hesse

GFL 2 season placings[edit]

The placings in the league since 2000:[2][4][5][6]

North[edit]

GFL 2 North 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
New Yorker Lions GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL
Berlin Adler 3 1 GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL
Dresden Monarchs 4 2 1 GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL
Kiel Baltic Hurricanes GFL GFL GFL 2 1 1 GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL
Düsseldorf Panther GFL GFL 1 GFL GFL GFL 4 4 5 2 GFL GFL GFL GFL
Berlin Rebels 2 5 5 6 1 GFL 2 GFL GFL GFL
Cologne Falcons 1 GFL GFL GFL GFL 2 6 6 1 GFL GFL
Hamburg Huskies 1 2 4 6 4 5 4 2 1 2 7 4 3 1
Lübeck Cougars 4 3 3 6 6 3 5 3 5 3 GFL 5 2
Cologne Crocodiles GFL GFL GFL GFL 3
Bielefeld Bulldogs 8 1 4
Hildesheim Invaders 7 8 7 5
Bonn Gamecocks 7 6 7 6 4 6
Troisdorf Jets 7 3 6 8 4 3 2 7
Elmshorn Fighting Pirates 8
Hamburg Blue Devils GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL 1 GFL GFL
Osnabrück Tigers 5 6
Cottbus Crayfish 2 7
Rostock Griffins 8
Assindia Cardinals 1 GFL GFL GFL 7 7 1 GFL GFL GFL 8
Mönchengladbach Mavericks 1 GFL
Magdeburg Virgin Guards 6 5 4 5
Langenfeld Longhorns 5 3 5 6 3 4 2 3 4 3
Recklinghausen Chargers 8
Frankfurt Red Cocks 7
Weyhe Vikings 4 7 8
Hannover Musketeers 2 2 GFL 5
Bochum Cadets 6 8
Dortmund Giants 5 3
  • In the 2000, 2001 and 2006 seasons, only seven clubs played in the league.
  • In the 2002 and 2011 seasons, only six clubs played in the league.
  • In the 2003 season, only five clubs played in the league.
  • 1 Played as the Hamburg Wild Huskies until 2003, then as the Hamburg Eagles from 2004 to 2009 before becoming the Hamburg Huskies from 2010.

South[edit]

GFL 2 South 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Stuttgart Scorpions GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL
Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns 2 GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL
Marburg Mercenaries 3 1 1 GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL
Munich Cowboys GFL GFL GFL 1 GFL GFL 1 GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL
Saarland Hurricanes 1 GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL 5 4 1 GFL GFL GFL GFL
Franken Knights GFL GFL GFL GFL GFL 4 4 2 2 1 3 1 GFL GFL GFL
Rhein Neckar Bandits 5 4 2 GFL GFL GFL
Allgäu Comets 3 3 3 6 1 1 GFL
Kirchdorf Wildcats 1 1 2 5 5 6 6 5 6 5 1
Wiesbaden Phantoms 4 2 2 4 3 2 2 GFL GFL GFL 2
Frankfurt Universe 2 2 3
Nürnberg Rams 4 3 4
Holzgerlingen Twister 6 3 7 5
Ravensburg Razorbacks 4 6
Darmstadt Diamonds 4 2 6 2 3 1 GFL GFL GFL 3 5 4 8 7
Frankfurt Pirates 6 5 6 8
Starnberg Argonauts 7
Kaiserslautern Pikes 6 8 3 8
Plattling Black Hawks 3 3 1 GFL GFL GFL
Badener Greifs 7 7
Weinheim Longhorns 3 1 GFL GFL GFL GFL 8
Hanau Hornets 8 5 5 6 6 8 7
Montabaur Fighting Farmers 4 7
Stuttgart Silver Arrows 7 7 8
Königsbrunn Ants 8 7 5 8
Aschaffenburg Stallions GFL 7
Jena Hanfrieds 8
Franken Timberwolves 5 5 4 6 7
Rhein Main Razorbacks GFL GFL GFL GFL
Mainz Golden Eagles 5 4
Fursty Razorbacks 2 7
Rottenburg Red Knights 4 7
Straubing Spiders 6 6 8
Landsberg Express GFL
GFL = Team played in GFL Divisional champion
  • In the 2003 and 2004 seasons, only seven clubs played in the league.
  • In the 2001 season, only six clubs played in the league.
  • 1 Played as the Simbach Wildcats until 2003.

Divisional champions[edit]

The winners of the regional divisions of the GFL:[2]

Year North Central South
1982 Hamburg Dolphins Red Barons Cologne Noris Rams
1983 Bonn Jets Mannheim Redskins Kempten Comets
1984 Dortmund Giants Mainz Golden Eagles Kempten Comets
1985 Cologne Crocodiles II Stuttgart Scorpions Rothenburg Knights
Year North West Central South
1986 Hildesheim Invaders Recklinghausen Chargers Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns München Rangers
1987 Bremerhaven Seahawks Ratingen Raiders Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns Würzburg Pumas
1988 Bremen Buccaneers Recklinghausen Chargers Rüsselsheim Crusaders Königsbrunn Ants
1989 Hildesheim Invaders Recklinghausen Chargers Darmstadt Diamonds Fürth Buffalos
1990 Hamburg Silver Eagles Cologne Bears Stuttgart Scorpions Regensburg Royals
1991 Berlin Rebels Cologne Bears Stuttgart Scorpions Regensburg Royals
1992 Hamburg Silver Eagles Solingen Hurricanes Hanau Hawks Rothenburg Knights
1993 Braunschweig Lions Cologne Bears Frankfurt Gamblers Erding Bulls
1994 Kiel Baltic Hurricanes Tecklenburg Silverbacks Stuttgart Scorpions Simbach Wildcats
Year North South
1995 Kiel Baltic Hurricanes Rüsselsheim Razorbacks
1996 Berlin Rebels Landsberg Express
1997 Paderborn Dolphins Saarland Hurricanes
1998 Berlin Rebels Aschaffenburg Stallions
1999 Bremen Bravehearts Franken Knights
2000 Assindia Cardinals Saarland Hurricanes
2001 Berlin Adler Marburg Mercenaries
2002 Dresden Monarchs Marburg Mercenaries
2003 Düsseldorf Panther Simbach Wildcats
2004 Cologne Falcons Munich Cowboys
2005 Kiel Baltic Hurricanes Darmstadt Diamonds
2006 Kiel Baltic Hurricanes Weinheim Longhorns
2007 Hamburg Eagles Munich Cowboys
2008 Assindia Cardinals Plattling Black Hawks
2009 Berlin Rebels Franken Knights
2010 Mönchengladbach Mavericks Saarland Hurricanes
2011 Hamburg Blue Devils Franken Knights
2012 Cologne Falcons Allgäu Comets
2013 Bielefeld Bulldogs Allgäu Comets
2014 Hamburg Huskies Kirchdorf Wildcats

References[edit]

  1. ^ German Football League 2 (German) AFVD website, accessed: 20 January 2011
  2. ^ a b c d e f Football History(German) Historic American football tables from Germany, accessed: 2 January 2010
  3. ^ Spielplan der GFL für 2011 steht (German) GFL website, published: 8 December 2010, accessed: 29 December 2010
  4. ^ GFL 2008 www.football-aktuell.de, accessed: 2 January 2011
  5. ^ GFL 2009 www.football-aktuell.de, accessed: 2 January 2011
  6. ^ GFL 2010 www.football-aktuell.de, accessed: 2 January 2011

External links[edit]