German Green Belt

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The Green Belt consists of land along the former border between East and West Germany.

The German Green Belt (Grünes Band Deutschland in German) is a project of Bund Naturschutz (BUND), one of Germany's largest environmental groups. The project was begun in 1989.

Origin[edit]

On the former inner German border, there is a strip of land approximately 1400 km long (with an area of more than 100 km²) that remained nearly untouched since the construction of the Berlin Wall. The government of GDR wanted a distance between the fence and the actual border, in order to arrest or even shoot people who managed to pass the fence. It stretches from Travemünde on the Baltic to the Czech border, near Hof in Bavaria. A number of endangered species can be found there.

Planning[edit]

The Bund Naturschutz wants to exert pressure on the Bundesländer to designate several areas as nature reserves and has appealed for donations from the public to enable Bund Naturschutz to acquire properties along the Green Belt.

Implementation[edit]

In 2001 and 2002, the areas and the different species living there were catalogued, with financial support from the German Federal Ministry of the Environment. At a conference on "Perspectives of the Green Belt" in Bonn in July 2003, Mikhail Gorbachev became the patron of the project. There is also the wider vision of a European Green Belt.

2005 the planned transfer of the land to five German states was part of the coalition agreement. 2008, the plan was successfully implemented in Thuringia. The 763 km long section of the Green Belt in the state of Thuringia has its own mission statement for conservation and design.

The negotiations between the German Federal Government and the states of Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt have not yet been completed. Regardless the BUND acquired private property in the Green Belt, which formed a total of 580 acres in 2011.

Species[edit]

The green belt, near Sorge and Hohegeiß in the Harz.

There are a number of valuable habitats in the Green Belt. The Whinchat, the red-backed Shrike, the Black Stork, the Kingfisher and the European Otter are some of the species that can be found there.

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the revision as of 13 April 2013 of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • www.bund.net - Bund Naturschutz webpage about the Green Belt (German)