German Institute of Global and Area Studies
|Founded||1964 (as the German Overseas Institute)|
|Type||Foundation under civil law|
|Focus||Politics, economics and society in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East; global connections|
|Method||Area and comparative area studies|
|Key people||Amrita Narlikar (President since 2014)|
The German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA) is a German research institute. It analyses political, economic and social developments in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East and combines this analysis with innovative comparative research on international relations, development and globalisation, violence and security, and political systems. The GIGA advises the Federal Foreign Office and other branches of the federal government. Since 2009 it has had an office in Berlin.
The GIGA is a member of the Leibniz Association.
The GIGA is one of the leading international research institutes for area studies and comparative area studies. It employs approximately 160 people, 90 of whom are political scientists, economists, social scientists, peace and conflict researchers, or historians. The GIGA’s research is organised according to a matrix structure. The academics study the four global regions of
- Latin America, and
- the Middle East
and simultaneously work within the four research programmes on the following issues:
- Legitimacy and Efficiency of Political Systems;
- Violence and Security;
- Socio-Economic Development in the Context of Globalisation; and
- Power, Norms and Governance in International Relations.
The GIGA was founded in 1964 as the German Overseas Institute (Deutsches Übersee-Institut) by the City of Hamburg and the Hamburg business community. It was initially the umbrella organisation for the Institute of Asian Affairs, the German Orient Institute, the Institute of Latin American Affairs and the Institute of African Affairs.
In the first decade of this century the German Overseas Institute underwent a transformation that saw the previously relatively autonomous regional institutes united as the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies/Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien in 2007. Only the German Orient Institute did not take part in the fusion. However, the GIGA had already hired many of its employees.
The GIGA collaborates with numerous renowned universities, research institutes and expert associations around the world. It is represented on the boards of various academic networks, particularly those related to Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East.
The GIGA is a foundation under civil law and is based in Hamburg. It is jointly funded by the Federal Foreign Office, the Hamburg Ministry of Science and Research and the other federal states. The GIGA also receives external funding, which accounts for around 25 per cent of the total budget.
Since 2014, Prof. Dr. Amrita Narlikar is the president of the GIGA. Before her, Latin America researcher Prof. Dr. Detlef Nolte has been the acting president (2011-2014). From 2004 to 2011, the Africa expert Prof. Dr. Robert Kappel led the institute as its president.
The current board members, in addition to Amrita Narlikar, are Detlef Nolte (GIGA vice president), Middle East academic Prof. Dr. Henner Fürtig, Africa academic Prof. Dr. Andreas Mehler, Asia researcher Prof. Dr. Patrick Köllner, and Head of Finance, Dr. Peter Peetz.
The GIGA serves as the central coordinator of various academic networks.
The Institutions for Sustainable Peace (ISP) network undertakes research on measures to promote peace in post-war societies with partners from Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, England and Germany.
As of July 2014 the GIGA is coordinating the International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes (IDCAR) network, as part of which it is investigating, together with 12 international research institutes, the influence of and cooperation between authoritarian regimes on the international stage.
The GIGA publishes three open access series: the GIGA Focus, the GIGA Working Papers, and the GIGA Journal Family.
- In the GIGA Focus series academics publish short analyses of current global events. The German editions comprise four different regional series (Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East) and the GIGA Focus Global, which covers comparative and global topics. Each edition is published 10 times per year. The GIGA also publishes the GIGA Focus International Edition in both English and Chinese.
- The GIGA Working Papers publish the results of research projects currently underway.
- Through the GIGA Journal Family[ the GIGA publishes articles by academics from around the world. The following journals are part of the journal family:
The GIGA operates the largest non-university information centre for area studies and comparative area studies in Germany.
→ Main article: GIGA Informationszentrum
- The GIGA Berlin Office
- GIGA's Research Matrix
- GIGA's Research Areas: Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East
- The GIGA Research Programmes
- 50 Years of GIGA
- Asociación Latinoamericana de Ciencia Política (ALACIP)
- Vereinigung für Afrikawissenschafen in Deutschland (VAD)
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Asienkunde e.V. (DGA)
- Founding of GIGA
- Institutions for Sustainable Peace (ISP)
- Web Platform www.landmatrix.org
- The Research Project The Land Matrix at the GIGA
- Regional Powers Network
- International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes (IDCAR-Network)
- GIGA Focus
- GIGA Working Papers
- GIGA Journal Family