German Marshall Fund
The German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) is a nonpartisan Atlanticist public policy think tank and grantmaking institution dedicated to promoting greater cooperation and understanding between North America and Europe.
It was founded in 1972 through a gift from the West German government on the 25th anniversary of the Marshall Plan, as a permanent memorial to Marshall Plan assistance. Its founder was Guido Goldman, an American of German-Jewish parentage, who lobbied the West German government for the initial funding. In addition to its headquarters in Washington, DC, GMF has offices in : Berlin, Paris, Brussels, Belgrade, Ankara, Bucharest, Warsaw, and Tunis. Today it receives funding from a number of governments, international institutions, and private organizations.
Guido Goldman, whose family had fled Germany in 1940, was the director of Harvard's West European Studies program in the early 1970s. As funding was about to run out, he approached the West German government for support. He eventually got an agreement that they would support a stand alone institution to promote European and US relations on the 25th anniversary of Marshall aid. The initial funding was for 15 years, and it has been renewed since then.
Academic Michael Naumann, a friend of Goldman's says the Fund plays a "decisive role in helping to shape thinking on numerous economic, political and cultural topics." He believes that the GMF was one of the first think tanks to focus on the importance of soft power at a time when most academic focus was on military issues.
Since the 1980s, GMF has worked with the democracy movements of Central and Eastern Europe. GMF remains active and engaged throughout Central Europe, the Balkans, and the Black Sea region through a variety of programs supporting the continued process of democratic consolidation and the integration of the region into Euroatlantic structures. Some of these programs include the Balkan Trust for Democracy, The Bulgaria Fund, and the Black Sea Trust for Regional Cooperation.
People associated with the German Marshall Fund
- Robert Zoellick, former board member
- Stephen Szabo, current head of the Transatlantic Academy (TAA)
- Jim Kolbe, former US Representative from Arizona's 8th Congressional District and current Senior Transatlantic Fellow
- Glenn Nye, former US Representative from Virginia's 2nd Congressional District and former foreign service officer for the State Department
- Pavol Demeš, Transatlantic Fellow at the Bratislava office
- Rayasam, Renuka (1 June 2012). "Trans-Atlantic Titan: The End of an Era at the German Marshall Fund". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "About Us". German Marshall Fund. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Partnerships". German Marshall Fund. Retrieved 18 July 2013.