German Museum of Technology
New building on Landwehr Canal
Deutsches Technikmuseum Berlin (German Museum of Technology) in Berlin, Germany is a museum of science and technology, and exhibits a large collection of historical technical artifacts. The museum's main emphasis originally was on rail transport, but today it also features exhibits of various sorts of industrial technology. Recently, it has opened both maritime and aviation exhibition halls. The museum also contains a science center called Spectrum.
The Museum of Traffic and Technology (Museum für Verkehr und Technik) was founded in 1982 and assumed the tradition of the Royal Museum of Traffic and Construction (Königliches Verkehrs- und Baumeseum) which was opened in the former Hamburger Bahnhof station building in 1906. The present-day museum is located on the former freight yard attached to the Anhalter Bahnhof in the Kreuzberg district of Berlin, including two historic roundhouses and several office buildings.
Renamed Deutsches Technikmuseum in 1996, the exhibition area was gradually expanded. An adjacent new building complex was inaugurated in 2003, topped by a prominent US Air Force C-47B "Raisin Bomber", which can be seen with ease from the top of the Fernsehturm and in the past from a descending aircraft landing at Tempelhof Airport.
The museum contains many relics throughout, including an extensive railway collection opened in 1987/88 in the original 19th century roundhouses of the Anhalter Bahnhof locomotive depot (Bahnbetriebswerk) that had laid idle for about 30 years. The 33 tracks illustrate the history of rail transport, including the deportations by the Deutsche Reichsbahn in the Holocaust. The exhibition also features a H0 scale model of the Anhalter Bahnhof track installations.
A large aviation section beside the C-47 houses numerous aircrafts from the single Jeannin Stahltaube to a Lufthansa Junkers Ju 52 and an Arado Ar 79. The museum addresses the flight enthusiasm of the early 20th century and its abuse in the German re-armament building up the Luftwaffe, documented by a Arado Ar 96, a wrecked Junkers Ju 87 Stuka dive bomber and the current restoration of a Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor as well as by one of three preserved Messerschmitt Bf 110, a Flak cannon, and a V-1 flying bomb built by Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp inmates at the Mittelwerk site. Post-war aircrafts including a VFW-Fokker 614 and the Cessna 172P that Mathias Rust flew to the Moscow Red Square during the Cold War have also been added to the exhibition.
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