Under 17 Bundesliga

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Under 17 Bundesliga
Founded
2007
Nation
 Germany
Divisions
North/Northeast
South/Southwest
West
Number of clubs
42
Level on Pyramid
Level 1
Current champions 2013–14
Borussia Dortmund

The Under 17 Bundesliga (German: B-Junioren Bundesliga) is the highest level of play in German football for male juniors between the ages of 15 and 17.[1] It was formed in 2007 and operates in three regional divisions with 14 clubs each. At the end of season, the three league winners and one of the runners-up determine the German champions for this age group.

History[edit]

The league was formed in 2007, when the five U 17 Regionalligas merged to form the three Bundesligas as follows:

  • Under 17 Bundesliga North/Northeast formed from:
    • Under 17 Regionalliga North
    • Under 17 Regionalliga Northeast
  • Under 17 Bundesliga South/Southwest formed from:
    • Under 17 Regionalliga South
    • Under 17 Regionalliga Southwest
  • Under 17 Bundesliga West formed from:
    • Under 17 Regionalliga West

As such, the German Football Association followed the example it had set with the Under 19 Bundesligas in 2004, which were reorganised in the same fashion.

The Regionalligas itself had only been formed in 2000, to replace an even more regionalised system with separate leagues for every regional football association.[2]

Modus[edit]

The clubs in each of the three divisions play a home-and-away round whereby there is no inter-league play. Every club plays therefore 26 regular season games. The bottom three teams in each division are relegated to the next level below, in turn, the best three teams from the region are promoted.

The winner of each league plus the runners-up of the South/Southwest region play in the finals round for the German Under 17 championship. The semi-finals are played in a home-and-away format. If the two semi-final teams playing each other are level on points and goals after the second game, there will be a penalty shoot-out. No extra time will be played.

The two semi-final winners reach the final, which is held at the location of the winner of the predetermined semi-final A, unless the teams stadium does not comply with DFB requirement, in which case an alternative venue will be determined. In the final, which is one game only, in case of a draw after normal time, a 20 minute extra time will be played. If the game is still a draw, a penalty shoot-out will determine the winner.[2]

Geography[edit]

Bundesliga North/Northeast
Bundesliga South/Southwest
Bundesliga West

The three Bundesligas are not geographically balanced, North/Northeast covers a large area while West a rather small one, but in population termes, the arrangement is much more level. The three leagues cover the following states:

League pyramide[edit]

Below the three Bundesligas, a number of second tier leagues exist which teams are promoted from and relegated to. The league system operates as follows for the 2008–09 season.[3]

Under 17 Bundesliga North/Northeast[edit]

The league has two second divisions as the tier below, these being:

  • Regionalliga North
  • Regionalliga Northeast

The league champions are directly promoted while the two runners-ups play each other for a third promotion spot

Under 17 Bundesliga South/Southwest[edit]

The league has four second divisions as the tier below, these being:

  • Regionalliga Southwest
  • Hessenliga
  • Oberliga Baden-Württemberg
  • Bayernliga

The winners of the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg and Bayernliga are directly promoted. A third promoted team is determined between the winners of the Hessenliga and the Regionalliga Southwest.

Under 17 Bundesliga West[edit]

The league has three second divisions as the tier below, these being:

  • Verbandsliga Mittelrhein
  • Verbandsliga Niederrhein
  • Westfalenliga

The three league champions are directly promoted.

Levels of youth football[edit]

German football recognises seven levels of junior football, determined by age and labeled with letters, whereby A is the oldest. In the A level, mixed teams of male and females are not permitted while in B and C mixed teams are allowed if the parents or guardians of the children permit it. Below the C level, mixed teams are generally permitted without restrictions.[4]

Name Age
A-Junioren Under 19
B-Junioren Under 17
C-Junioren Under 15
D-Junioren Under 13
E-Junioren Under 11
F-Junioren Under 9
G-Junioren Under 7

League winners[edit]

The champions of the three divisions:

Season North/Northeast South/Southwest West
2007–08 Hertha BSC Berlin TSG 1899 Hoffenheim Borussia Dortmund
2008–09 VfL Wolfsburg FC Bayern Munich Borussia Mönchengladbach
2009–10 Hertha BSC Berlin Eintracht Frankfurt Bayer 04 Leverkusen
2010–11 Werder Bremen VfB Stuttgart 1. FC Köln
2011–12 Hertha BSC Berlin 1. FC Nuremberg 1. FC Köln
2012–13 Hertha BSC Berlin VfB Stuttgart FC Schalke 04
2013–14 RB Leipzig 1. FSV Mainz 05 Borussia Dortmund

Championship winners[edit]

The German under 17 football championship begun in 1977, with the first final being played on 3 July 1977 in Niefern.[5]

Pre-Bundesliga era[edit]

Season Winner Finalist Result
1976–77 Eintracht Frankfurt FC Schalke 04 2–1
1977–78 FC Schalke 04 Hertha Zehlendorf 6–0
1978–79 Blau-Weiß 90 Berlin FC Augsburg 1–1 / 5–4 after pen.
1979–80 Eintracht Frankfurt (2) FC Schalke 04 2–1
1980–81 Borussia Mönchengladbach Eintracht Frankfurt 1–0
1981–82 SG Wattenscheid 09 Eintracht Frankfurt 3–1
1982–83 1. FC Kaiserslautern Werder Bremen 2–1
1983–84 Borussia Dortmund TSV 1860 Munich 1–0
1984–85 VfL Bochum Kickers Offenbach 3–0
1985–86 VfB Stuttgart Schwarz-Weiß Essen 5–0
1986–87 Bayer Uerdingen 1. FC Nuremberg 4–0
1987–88 Hertha Zehlendorf VfB Stuttgart 2–1
1988–89 FC Bayern Munich Hertha Zehlendorf 1–1 / 5–4 after pen.
1989–90 1. FC Köln VfB Stuttgart 2–1
1990–91 Eintracht Frankfurt (3) Hertha BSC Berlin 2–2 / 8–4 after pen.
1991–92 Bayer Leverkusen 1. FC Kaiserslautern 2–1
1992–93 Borussia Dortmund (2) FC Carl Zeiss Jena 5–1
1993–94 VfB Stuttgart (2) Hannover 96 3–0
1994–95 VfB Stuttgart (3) Hannover 96 3–1
1995–96 Borussia Dortmund (3) 1. FC Saarbrücken 6–1
1996–97 FC Bayern Munich (2) Werder Bremen 3–0
1997–98 Borussia Dortmund (4) VfB Stuttgart 2–2 / 3–2 after pen.
1998–99 VfB Stuttgart (4) Borussia Dortmund 3–1
1999-00 Hertha BSC Berlin FC Bayern Munich 1–0
2000–01 FC Bayern Munich (3) Borussia Dortmund 4–0
2001–02 FC Schalke 04 (2) VfB Stuttgart 3–1 aet
2002–03 Hertha BSC Berlin (2) VfB Stuttgart 4–1
2003–04 VfB Stuttgart (5) Energie Cottbus 2–1
2004–05 Hertha BSC Berlin (3) Hansa Rostock 2–0
2005–06 TSV 1860 Munich Borussia Dortmund 2–0
2006–07 FC Bayern Munich (4) Borussia Dortmund 1–0

Bundesliga era[edit]

Season Semi-finals Leg 1 Leg 2 Final Result
2007–08 Hertha BSC Berlin – TSG 1899 Hoffenheim 1–6 3–1 TSG 1899 Hoffenheim – Borussia Dortmund 6–4
1. FC Kaiserlslautern – Borussia Dortmund 1–3 1–0
2008–09 FC Bayern Munich – VfL Wolfsburg 3–0 0–1 VfB Stuttgart (6) – FC Bayern Munich 3–1 aet
VfB Stuttgart – Borussia Mönchengladbach 2–1 1–1
2009–10 VfB Stuttgart – Bayer Leverkusen 1–2 0–1 Eintracht Frankfurt (4) – Bayer Leverkusen 1–0
Eintracht Frankfurt – Hertha BSC Berlin 2–1 3–1
2010–11 VfB Stuttgart – Werder Bremen 2–2 aet (8–9 pen) 1. FC Köln (2) – Werder Bremen 3–2 aet
1. FC Köln – TSG 1899 Hoffenheim 3–2
2011–12 1. FC Köln – Hertha BSC Berlin 1–2 4–4 Hertha BSC Berlin (4) – VfB Stuttgart 2–0
VfB Stuttgart – 1. FC Nuremberg 0–2 4–1
2012–13 FC Schalke 04 – Hertha BSC Berlin 0–1 2–2 VfB Stuttgart (7) – Hertha BSC Berlin 1–0
Werder Bremen – VfB Stuttgart 1–7 0–4
2013–14 1. FSV Mainz 05 – RB Leipzig 1–1 1–2 RB Leipzig – Borussia Dortmund (5) 1–2
Borussia Dortmund – Hertha BSC Berlin 1–2 4–0
  • Winner in bold.
  • (2) denotes the number of titles the club has won at this stage when it won more than one.
  • Source: Alle B-Junioren-Meister (German) official DFB website: List of all champions, accessed: 16 November 2008

Winners & Finalists[edit]

As of 2014, this is the standing in the all-time winners list:

Club Championships Finals
VfB Stuttgart 7 13
Borussia Dortmund 5 10
Hertha BSC Berlin 4 5
Eintracht Frankfurt 4 6
FC Bayern Munich 4 6
1. FC Köln 2 1
FC Schalke 04 2 4
Hertha Zehlendorf 1 3
1. FC Kaiserslautern 1 2
TSV 1860 Munich 1 2
Blau-Weiß 90 Berlin 1 1
VfL Bochum 1 1
TSG 1899 Hoffenheim 1 1
Bayer Leverkusen 1 1
Borussia Mönchengladbach 1 1
Bayer Uerdingen 1 1
SG Wattenscheid 09 1 1
Werder Bremen 0 3
Hannover 96 0 2
RB Leipzig 0 1
FC Augsburg 0 1
Energie Cottbus 0 1
Schwarz-Weiß Essen 0 1
FC Carl Zeiss Jena 0 1
1. FC Nuremberg 0 1
Kickers Offenbach 0 1
Hansa Rostock 0 1
1. FC Saarbrücken 0 1
  • On four occasions, the Bundesliga champions also won the German under 17 title:
    • 1989: FC Bayern Munich
    • 1996: Borussia Dortmund
    • 1997: FC Bayern Munich
    • 2001: FC Bayern Munich
  • On two occasions, the Bundesliga champions also won the German under 17 and under 19 title:
    • 1996: Borussia Dortmund
    • 2001: FC Bayern Munich
  • On four occasions, the under 19 champions also won the under 17 title:
    • 1987: Bayer Uerdingen
    • 1996: Borussia Dortmund
    • 1998: Borussia Dortmund
    • 2001: FC Bayern Munich

.

Clubs & league finishes[edit]

The clubs and their league finishes in the Under 17 Bundesliga since 2007–08. Also shown are the final placing of the qualifying season 2006–07 and the Regionalliga or region, in color, the clubs qualified from:

North/Northeast[edit]

Club 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
RB Leipzig 11 7 1 x
Hertha BSC Berlin 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 2 x
Werder Bremen 2 3 2 3 1 4 2 3 x
VfL Wolfsburg 5 2 1 2 5 2 4 4 x
Hamburger SV 1 4 6 5 9 5 6 5 x
FC Carl Zeiss Jena 12 11 10 12 6 x
Energie Cottbus 6 10 8 6 11 8 8 7 x
Hannover 96 3 6 9 7 6 3 3 8 x
Holstein Kiel 4 11 11 13 7 5 9 x
Eintracht Braunschweig 7 14 10 x
FC St. Pauli 9 12 7 10 10 11 x
Tennis Borussia Berlin 2 8 5 10 4 13 x
Concordia Hamburg 8 13 14 x
1. FC Magdeburg 8 x
1. FC Union Berlin 13 12 12
VfL Osnabrück 6 7 7 8 3 9 9 13
Dynamo Dresden 7 12 8 6 11 14
FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt 5 9 10 9 13 12
Eintracht Norderstedt 13
VfL Oldenburg 14
Hertha Zehlendorf 14 14
F.C. Hansa Rostock 4 5 4 4 12
SC Weyhe 14 14
Sachsen Leipzig 3 13
LTS Bremerhaven 10
Braunschweiger SC 11
Schleswig 06 12
SC Langenhagen 13
Chemnitzer FC 9
1. FC Neubrandenburg 04 10
Tasmania Gropiusstadt 11
Frankfurter FC Viktoria 14

South/Southwest[edit]

Club 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1. FSV Mainz 05 3 7 12 8 6 7 1 x
VfB Stuttgart 3 3 2 2 1 2 1 2 x
SpVgg Greuther Fürth 7 7 10 11 4 3 x
TSG 1899 Hoffenheim 5 1 6 8 2 8 5 4 x
Karlsruher SC 7 8 8 11 9 7 11 5 x
FC Bayern Munich 1 6 1 6 4 4 8 6 x
TSV 1860 Munich 4 10 3 3 7 5 6 7 x
1. FC Nuremberg 8 5 5 4 6 1 3 8 x
SC Freiburg 6 11 9 5 5 9 2 9 x
1. FC Kaiserslautern 1 2 4 9 14 12 10 x
Eintracht Frankfurt 2 4 10 1 3 3 9 11 x
SpVgg Unterhaching 12 x
SSV Ulm 1846 11 11 10 13 x
1. FC Saarbrücken 2 9 13 x
FSV Frankfurt 14 12
FC Augsburg 10 11 10 10 13
FC Ingolstadt 04 14
Jahn Regensburg 13 13
Waldhof Mannheim 12 14
SGV Freiberg 13
SV Wacker Burghausen 12
FK Pirmasens 13
TuS Ergenzingen 14
Kickers Offenbach 9 14
Stuttgarter Kickers 12
SG Rosenhöhe Offenbach 14
TSG Backnang 12
Borussia Neunkirchen 4
TuS Koblenz 5
SSV Bachem 6
SV Gonsenheim 7
Ludwigshafener SC 8
Eintracht Trier 9
TuS Mayen 10
SV Thalexweiler 11
Hassia Bingen 12
SG Blaubach-Diedelkopf 13
SG Betzdorf 14

West[edit]

Club 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Borussia Dortmund 2 1 4 5 2 3 5 1 x
VfL Bochum 7 5 13 3 6 4 2 x
FC Schalke 04 3 6 6 2 6 2 1 3 x
Bayer 04 Leverkusen 5 3 3 1 4 5 3 4 x
Borussia Mönchengladbach 1 2 1 3 9 4 2 5 x
MSV Duisburg 11 8 5 6 8 7 7 6 x
1. FC Köln 4 7 2 4 1 1 6 7 x
Rot-Weiß Essen 12 10 8 7 7 9 10 8 x
Arminia Bielefeld 9 4 7 9 5 12 9 x
Preußen Münster 9 11 8 10 8 11 10 x
Euskirchner TSC 11 x
Fortuna Düsseldorf 14 13 10 12 x
SC Paderborn 07 13 x
FC Viktoria Köln x
Bonner SC 10 12 12 11 8 12
BV 04 Düsseldorf 13
Alemannia Aachen 6 11 10 10 12 9 14
Rot-Weiß Oberhausen 13
Sportfreunde Siegen 14
SV Bergisch Gladbach 09 11 14
SG Wattenscheid 09 8 13 11 13
Wuppertaler SV Borussia 12 14
Sportfreunde Troisdorf 9 14
TSC Eintracht 48/95 Dortmund 14

Key[edit]

Under 17 Bundesliga champions
Region of origin
North
Northeast
South
Southwest
West

References[edit]

  1. ^ DFB Jugendordnung – § 5 (German) DFB website: Regulations for youth football, accessed: 16 November 2008
  2. ^ a b Rund um die B-Junioren-Meisterschaft (German) DFB website: Explanations to the league system
  3. ^ DFB Jugendordnung – § 19 – Aufstieg in die Junioren-Bundesligen (German) DFB website – Promotion to the Bundesligas, accessed: 27 November 2008
  4. ^ DFB Jugendordnung – § 5 – Altersklasseneinteilung (German) DFB website – rules & regulations of German youth football, accessed: 27 November 2008
  5. ^ kicker Almanach 1990 (German) publisher: kicker, published: 1989, accessed: 17 November 2008

Sources[edit]

  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945–2005 (German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External links[edit]

  • (German) Weltfussball.de Round-by-round results and tables of the Under 17 Bundesliga