German federal election, 1920

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German federal election, 1920
Weimar Republic
1919 ←
6 June 1920 (1920-06-06) → 1924

All 459 seats in the Reichstag
230 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 79.2%
  First party Second party Third party
  Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1979-122-28A, Hermann Müller (cropped).jpg Arthur Crispien on the street.jpg Oskar Hergt.jpg
Leader Hermann Müller Arthur Crispien Oskar Hergt
Party SPD USPD DNVP
Leader since 1919 1919 1920
Last election 165 seats 22 seats 44 seats
Seats won 102 84 71
Seat change Decrease63 Increase62 Increase27
Popular vote 6,104,398 5,046,813 4,249,100
Percentage 21.7% 17.9% 15.1%
Swing Decrease16.2% Increase10.3% Increase4.8%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-040-27, Gustav Stresemann.jpg
Leader Gustav Stresemann Karl Trimborn  ?
Party DVP Centre DDP
Leader since 1919 1919  ?
Last election 19 seats 91 seats 75 seats
Seats won 65 64 39
Seat change Increase46 Decrease27 Decrease36
Popular vote 3,919,446 3,845,001 2,333,741
Percentage 13.9% 13.6% 8.3%
Swing Increase9.5% Decrease6.1% Decrease10.3%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Paul Levi - Schwadron.jpg
Leader  ?  ? Paul Levi
Party BVP DHP KPD
Leader since  ?  ? 1919
Last election new party 1 seat new party
Seats won 20 5 4
Seat change Increase20 Increase4 Increase4
Popular vote 1,173,344 391,108 589,454
Percentage 4.2% 1.13% 2.1%
Swing Increase4.2% Increase0.88% Increase2.1%

Reichstagswahl 1920.png

Electoral map (in German)

Chancellor before election

Hermann Müller
SPD

Resulting Chancellor

Constantin Fehrenbach
Centre

Seats in the 1st German Reichstag

Federal elections were held in Germany on 6 June 1920.[1] The Social Democratic Party remained the largest party in the Reichstag, although it lost over a third of its seats.[2] Voter turnout was 79.2%.[3]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party 6,104,398 21.7 102 −63
Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany 5,046,813 17.9 84 +62
German National People's Party 4,249,100 15.1 71 +27
German People's Party 3,919,446 13.9 65 +46
Centre Party 3,845,001 13.6 64 −27
German Democratic Party 2,333,741 8.3 39 −36
Bavarian People's Party 1,173,344 4.2 20 New
Communist Party of Germany 589,454 2.1 4 New
German-Hanoverian Party 319,108 1.1 5 +4
Bavarian Peasants' League 218,596 0.8 4 0
Poland Party 89,228 0.3 0 New
German Economic League for City and Country 88,800 0.3 0 New
Christian People's Party 65,260 0.3 1 New
Polish Catholic Party of Upper Silesia 51,437 0.2 0 New
Schleswig-Holstein State Party 25,907 0.1 0 New
German Social Party 22,958 0.1 0 New
German Middle Class Party 21,255 0.1 0 New
Lusatian People's Party 8,050 0.0 0 New
German Socialist Party 7,186 0.0 0 New
Reform Group 6,832 0.0 0 New
Schleswig Club 4,966 0.0 0 New
National Democratic People's Party 4,015 0.0 0 New
Christian Social People's Party 1,219 0.0 0 New
Independent Party 169 0.0 0 New
German Economy and Labour Party 43 0.0 0 New
Upper Silesian Catholic People's Party 6 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 267,249
Total 28,463,581 100 459 +36
Registered voters/turnout 35,949,774 79.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, Gonschior.de
Popular Vote
SPD
  
21.65%
USPD
  
17.90%
DNVP
  
15.07%
DVP
  
13.90%
Zentrum
  
13.64%
DDP
  
8.28%
BVP
  
4.16%
KPD
  
2.09%
Other
  
3.31%
Reichstag seats
SPD
  
22.22%
USPD
  
18.30%
DNVP
  
15.47%
DVP
  
14.16%
Zentrum
  
13.94%
DDP
  
8.50%
BVP
  
4.36%
KPD
  
0.87%
Other
  
2.18%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p790
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p776