West German federal election, 1953

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Election for the 2nd German Federal Diet[1]
West Germany
1949 ←
6 September 1953 (1953-09-06)[1] → 1957

All 509 seats in the Bundestag
255 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 86.0% (voting eligible)[2]
  First party Second party Third party
  Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F078072-0004, Konrad Adenauer.jpg Bundesarchiv Bild 183-21272-0001, Erich Ollenhauer.jpg Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-P001512, Franz Blücher 2.jpg
Leader Konrad Adenauer Erich Ollenhauer Franz Blücher
Party CDU/CSU SPD FDP
Seats before 144 140 57
Seats won 249 162 53
Seat change Increase105 Increase22 Decrease4
Popular vote 12,443,981 7,944,943 2,629,163
Percentage 45.2% 28.8% 9.5%
Swing Increase14.2% Decrease0.4% Decrease2.4%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Party GB/BHE DP Centre
Seats before 0 17 10
Seats won 27 15 3
Seat change Increase27 Decrease2 Decrease7
Popular vote 1,616,953 896,128 217,078
Percentage 5.9% 3.3% 0.8%
Swing Increase5.9% Decrease0.7% Decrease2.3%

West German Federal Election - Party list vote results by state - 1953.png

Election results (party list) by state: the lighter blue denotes states where CDU/CSU had the plurality of votes; darker blue denotes states where CDU had the absolute majority of the votes; and pink denotes states where the SPD had the plurality of votes

Chancellor before election

Konrad Adenauer
CDU/CSU

Resulting Chancellor

Konrad Adenauer
CDU/CSU

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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Foreign relations

Federal elections were held in West Germany on 6 September 1953. The Christian Democratic Union emerged as the largest party.

Campaign[edit]

Federal Chancellor Adenauer (who was also the Christian Democratic leader) campaigned on his policies of economic reconstruction and growth, moderate conservatism or Christian democracy, and close relations with the United States. The new Social Democratic leader – Kurt Schumacher had died in 1952 – was Erich Ollenhauer, who was more moderate in his policies than Schumacher had been. He did not oppose, in principle, the United States' military presence in Western Europe. In fact, he later – in 1957 – supported a military alliance of most European countries, including Germany.[3][4] Adenauer managed to convince clearly more West German voters of his leadership abilities and economic and political success to easily win a second term, although he had to form a coalition government with the Free Democrats and the conservative German Party to gain a majority in the Bundestag.

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 6 September 1953 German Bundestag election results
Parties Constituency Party list Total seats
Votes  % +/− Seats +/− Votes  % +/− Seats +/− Seats +/−  %
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 9,577,659 34.8 +9.6 130 +39 10,016,594 36.4 +11.2 61 +37 197 +77 38.7
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 8,131,257 29.5 +0.3 45 −51 7,944,943 28.8 −0.4 106 +71 162 +22 31.8
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 2,967,566 10.8 −1.1 14 +2 2,629,163 9.5 −2.4 34 −6 53 −4 10.4
Christian Social Union (CSU) 2,450,286 8.9 +3.1 42 +18 2,427,387 8.8 +3.0 10 +10 52 +28 10.2
All-German Bloc/League of Expellees and Deprived of Rights (GB/BHE) 1,613,215 5.9 +5.9 0 ±0 1,616,953 5.9 +5.9 27 +27 27 +27 5.3
German Party (DP) 1,073,031 3.9 –0.1 10 +5 896,128 3.3 −0.7 5 −7 15 -2 2.9
Centre Party (Zentrum) 55,835 0.2 -2.9 1 +1 217,078 0.8 -2.3 2 −8 3 −7 0.6
Communist Party (KPD) 611,317 2.2 −3.5 0 ±0 607,860 2.2 −3.5 0 −15 0 −15 0
Bavaria Party (BP) 399,070 1.5 −2.7 0 −11 465,641 1.7 −2.5 0 −6 0 −17 0
All-German People's Party (GVP) 286,465 1.0 +1.0 0 ±0 318,475 1.2 +1.2 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
German Reich Party (DRP) 204,725 0.7 −1.1 0 ±0 295,739 1.1 −0.7 0 −5 0 −5 0
Dachverband der Nationalen Sammlung (DNS) 78,356 0.3 +0.3 0 ±0 70,726 0.3 +0.3 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
South Schleswig Voter Federation (SSW) 44,339 0.2 −0.1 0 ±0 44,585 0.2 −0.1 0 −1 0 −1 0
Schleswig-Holsteinische Bauern- und Landarbeiterdemokratie (SHBLD) 6,269 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Patriotic Union 2,531 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Party of the Good Germans 654 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Electoral groups and independents 17,185 0.1 −4.7 0 −3 0 −3 0
Invalid/blank votes 959,790 928,278
Totals 28,479,550 100 ±0.0 242 ±0 28,479,550 100 ±0.0 245 +85 509 +88 ±0
Registered voters/turnout 33,120,940 86.0 33,120,940 86.0
Source: Federal Returning Officer
^† — includes the non-voting delegates for West Berlin (11 SPD, 6 CDU, 5 FDP).
^‡ — previously the German Right Party.


249 162 53 27 15 3
CDU/CSU SPD FDP GB/BHE DP Zentrum
Popular Vote
CDU/CSU
  
45.17%
SPD
  
28.84%
FDP
  
9.54%
GB/BHE
  
5.87%
DP
  
3.25%
KPD
  
2.21%
BP
  
1.69%
GVP
  
1.16%
DRP
  
1.07%
Zentrum
  
0.79%
Other
  
0.42%
Bundestag seats
CDU/CSU
  
50.10%
SPD
  
31.01%
FDP
  
9.86%
GB/BHE
  
5.54%
DP
  
3.08%
Zentrum
  
0.41%

Aftermath[edit]

Konrad Adenauer remained Chancellor, governing in a broad coalition (two-thirds majority) with most of the minor parties except for the SPD.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wahl zum 2. Deutschen Bundestag am 6. September 1953" (in German). Bundeswahlleiter. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Voter turnout by election year". Website of the Federal Returning Officer's Office. The Federal Returning Officer. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Erling Bjöl, Grimberg's History of the Nations, volume 23: The Rich West, "A Giant Dwarf: West Germany," Helsinki: WSOY, 1985
  4. ^ Dennis L. Bark and David R. Gress, A History of West Germany: Volume 1: 1945–1963: From Shadow to Substance, London, UK: Basil Blackwell, 1989