German football league system

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For the history of the (West) German football league system, see History of the German football league system.
For the league system of former East Germany, see East German football league system.
For the women's league system, see Women's football in Germany.
German football league system
Nation
 Germany
Map of Germany
States
 Baden-Württemberg
 Bavaria
 Berlin
 Brandenburg
 Bremen
 Hamburg
 Hesse
 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
 Lower Saxony
 North Rhine-Westphalia
 Rhineland-Palatinate
 Saarland
 Saxony
 Saxony-Anhalt
 Schleswig-Holstein
 Thuringia
Current Champions (2013–14)
Bayern Munich

The German football league system, or league pyramid, refers to the hierarchically interconnected league system for the association football in Germany that in the season 2012-13 consists of 2,344 divisions having 33,633 teams, in which all divisions are bound together by the principle of promotion and relegation. The top three professional levels contain one division each. Below this, the semi-professional and amateur levels have progressively more parallel divisions, which each cover progressively smaller geographic areas. Teams that finish at the top of their division at the end of each season can rise higher in the pyramid, whilst those that finish at the bottom find themselves sinking further down. In theory it is possible for even the lowest local amateur club to rise to the top of the system and become German football champions one day. The number of teams promoted and relegated between the divisions varies, and promotion to the upper levels of the pyramid is usually contingent on meeting additional criteria, especially concerning appropriate facilities and finances.

Structure[edit]

The German football league system is held under the jurisdiction of the nationwide German Football Association and its professional body German Football League, along with its five regional associations and their 21 state associations.

On top of the system sit the level one Bundesliga and the level two 2. Bundesliga, both organized by the professional German Football League. The two top flights then are followed by the level three 3. Liga, the lowest full professional division in Germany, held by the German Football Association itself.

The semi-professional level four Regionalliga is divided into 5 regional divisions, these typically organised by one or two of the five regional associations of the German Football association, these being the Northern German Football Association, the Northeastern German Football Association, the Western German Football and Athletics Association, the Football Association of the Southwest and the Southern German Football Association. This is except for Bavaria, where the Bavarian Football Association, a state member state association of the Southern German Football Association, runs their top division under their own jurisdiction.

Starting at level five, the various fully amateur divisions are usually governed by the 21 state associations. This is except for the Northeastern German Football Association and Football Association of the Southwest, where the regional bodies still run the level five divisions under their jurisdiction, with their state member associations' pyramids therefore set to start at level six.

Level Division
1 Bundesliga
18 teams
↓ 2 relegations spots + 1 relegation playoff spot
2 2. Bundesliga
18 teams
↑ 2 promotions spots + 1 promotion playoff spot
↓ 2 relegation spots + 1 relegation playoff spot
3 3. Liga
20 teams
↑ 2 promotions spots + 1 promotion playoff spot
↓ 3 relegation spots
4 Regionalliga Nord
18 teams
↑ 1 promotion playoff spot
↓ 3 to 4 relegations spots
[1]
Regionalliga Nordost
16 teams
↑ 1 promotion playoff spot
↓ 1 to 3 relegations spots
[2]
Regionalliga West
20 teams
↑ 1 promotion playoff spot
↓ 5 to 6 relegations spots
[3]
Regionalliga Südwest
19 teams
↑ 2 promotion playoff spots
↓ 2 to 6 relegations spots
Regionalliga Bayern
19 teams
↑ 1 promotion playoff spot
5

Hamburg
state league system

↑ 1 promotion playoff spot

Bremen
state league system

↑ 1 promotion playoff spot

Schleswig-Holstein
state league system

↑ 1 promotion playoff spot

Lower Saxony
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot
+ 1 promotion playoff spot

2 divisions of
NOFV-Oberliga
32 teams
↑ 2 promotion spots
↓ 6 relegations spots
[4]

Lower Rhine
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Middle Rhine
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Westphalia
state league system

↑ 2 promotion spots

Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar
18 teams
↑ 1 promotion spot
↓ 2 to 5 relegation spots[5]

Oberliga Baden-Württemberg
18 teams
↑ 1 promotion spot
↓ 3 to 6 relegation spots[6]

Hesse
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Bavaria
state league system
6

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Brandenburg
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Berlin
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Saxony-Anhalt
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Thuringia
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot

Saxony
state league system

↑ 1 to 2 promotion spots

Rhineland
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot to
Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

Saarland
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot to
Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

Southwest
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot to
Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

Baden
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot
+ 1 promotion playoff spot to
Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

South Baden
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot
+ 1 promotion playoff spot to
Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

Württemberg
state league system

↑ 1 promotion spot
+ 1 promotion playoff spot to
Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

Federal association league system[edit]

After each season, the winners of the Bundesliga are crowned German football champions. The bottom two Bundesliga teams are relegated to 2. Bundesliga, whereas the best two teams of the second level promote to the top flight. Additionally, the third-last ranked team of Bundesliga and the third-best ranked team of 2. Bundesliga play a promotion/relegation playoff for the final spot in the next Bundesliga edition. The bottom two 2. Bundesliga teams are relegated to 3.Liga, whereas the best two teams of the third level promote to the second flight. Additionally, the third-last ranked team of 2. Bundesliga and the third-best ranked team of 3. Liga play a promotion/relegation playoff for the final spot in the next 2. Bundesliga edition. The bottom three teams of 3. Liga are relegated to Regionalliga.

Regional association league systems[edit]

Whereas the professional first three levels of the German football league system each are single division only and are organised by nationwide governing bodies, the semi-professional level four Regionalliga comprises five independent divisions, each run by different regional and/or state associations. Three regional bodies, being the Northern German Football Association, the Northeastern German Football Association and the Western German Football and Athletics Association, each run a division under their sole jurisdiction, these being the corresponding Regionalliga Nord, the Regionalliga Nordost and the Regionalliga West. The two regional bodies Football Association of the Southwest and Southern German Football Association share the jurisdiction on the Regionalliga Südwest. Finally, the Bavarian Football Association, although being just a subordinate state association to the superior Southern German Football Association, runs the Regionalliga Bayern, for being the by far largest single state football association in Germany.

As an exception to the regular promotion rules within the German league system, the champions of each Regionalliga division are not granted automatic promotion. Instead the five division winners along with the runner-up of the Regionalliga Südwest enter a promotion playoff for three promotion spots to the 3. Liga. The Regionalliga Südwest is granted a second spot in the promotion playoffs for having the most team competing in the following levels of the league pyramid down to the lowest levels, the Kreisliga, as it supersedes the league pyramids of the Football Association of the Southwest and of most of the league pyramid of the Southern German Football Association.

Northern Germany[edit]

The Northern German Football Association league system is the regional association league system in the states of Bremen, Hamburg, Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein and starts at level 4 of the German league system with the Regionalliga Nord on top. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the winners of the four other Regionalliga divisions and the Regionalliga Südwest runner-up for three promotions to the 3. Liga.

Below the regional association's league system, the 4 state association league systems of the Bremen Football Association, the Hamburg Football Association, the Lower Saxonian Football Association and the Schleswig-Holsteinian Football Association work as feeders to the Regionalliga.

Northeastern Germany[edit]

The Northeastern German Football Association league system is the regional association league system in the states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia and starts at level 4 of the German league system with the Regionalliga Nordost on top. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the winners of the four other Regionalliga divisions and the Regionalliga Südwest runner-up for three promotions to the 3. Liga.

Below the regional association's league system, the 6 state association league systems of the Berlin Football Association, the Football Association of Brandenburg, the Football State Association of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, the Saxonian Football Association, the Football Association of Saxony-Anhalt and the Thuringian Football Association work as feeders to the Oberliga.

Western Germany[edit]

The Western German Football and Athletics Association league system is the regional association league system in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and starts at level 4 of the German league system with the Regionalliga West on top. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the winners of the four other Regionalliga divisions and the Regionalliga Südwest runner-up for three promotions to the 3. Liga.

Below the regional association's league system, the 3 state association league systems of the Football Association of the Lower Rhine, the Football Association of the Middle Rhine and the Football and Athletics Association of Westphalia work as feeders to the Regionalliga.

Southwestern Germany[edit]

The Football Association of the Southwest league system is the regional association league system in the states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland and starts at level 4 of the German league system with the Regionalliga Südwest on top, which is held under joint jurisdiction along with the Southern German Football Association. The champions and the runner-up enter a promotion playoff along with the winners of the four other Regionalliga divisions for three promotions to the 3. Liga. By rule, the champions and the runner-up will not face each other in the promotion playoffs.

Below the regional association's league system, the 3 state associations league systems of the Rhineland Football Association, the Saarlandic Football Association and the Southwestern Football Association work as feeders to the Oberliga.

Southern Germany[edit]

The Southern German Football Association league system is the regional association league system in the states of Baden-Württemberg, Bayern and Hessen and starts at level 4 of the German league system with the Regionalliga Südwest, which is held under joint jurisdiction along with the Football Association of the Southwest respectively with the Regionalliga Bayern. The champions and the runner-up of the Regionalliga Südwest and the champions of the Regionalliga Bayern enter a promotion playoff along with the winners of the three other Regionalliga divisions for three promotions to the 3. Liga.

Below the regional association's league system, the state association league system of the Badenian Football Association, the Bavarian Football Association, the Hessian Football Association, the South Badenian Football Association and the Württembergian Football Association work as feeders to the Regionalliga.

State association league systems[edit]

Mostly in line with the geographical borders of the 16 German states, amateur football is organised by 21 state football associations. Therefore 13 states, these being Bayern, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein and Thuringia have a state football association with a jurisdiction covering the whole area of the corresponding political entity. Three states are subdivided into more than one state football association. The state of North Rhine-Westphalia is subdivided into three state associations, these being Middle Rhine, Lower Rhine and Westphalia. The state of Baden-Württemberg is also subdivided into three state associations, these being Baden, South Baden and Württemberg. Finally, the state of Rhineland-Palatinate is subdivided into two state associations, these being Rhineland and Southwest.[7]

Starting on levels 4 to 6 of the German football league system, each of these 21 state associations runs a league pyramid under its own jurisdiction. The state association of Bavaria starts its pyramid at level 4. The top divisions of the state associations of Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Middle Rhine, Lower Rhine, Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and Westphalia sit at level 5 of the pyramid. The pyramids of the remaining associations of Baden, Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Rhineland, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, South Baden, Southwest, Thuringia and Württemberg start at level 6 of the German football league system.

All state associations have full jurisdiction over their league pyramids, though the configuration varies in between states. A traditional state league pyramid had a Verbandsliga (English: Association League) as its top flight, followed by several divisions of Landesliga (English: State League). Due to many structural reforms in the last decades, both on federal level and on state levels, this structure has become more indeterminate. Currently, 8 of the 21 state associations (Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Middle Rhine, Lower Rhine, Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and Westphalia) have an Oberliga (English: Premier League) as their top amateur state division, some followed by a Verbandsliga, some directly by a Landesliga. Starting in 2012, the state association of Bavaria organized its own Regionalliga (English: Regional League), a league formerly only organized by the superior regional associations.[8]

With the exception of Berlin and Hamburg, all other state associations usually supervise several county and/or district associations. The county associations usually cover the area of a government disctrict, whereas the district associations have jurisdiction for the territory of an urban district. The associations of Bavaria, Bremen, Lower Saxony and Southwest are initially subdivided into several county associations, the latter are then subdivided into district associations. The associations of South Baden and Württemberg have several county associations following in the league system, but no district associations. The remaining associations (Baden, Brandenburg, Hesse, Lower Rhine, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Middle Rhine, Rhineland, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia and Westphalia) are directly subdivided into district associations. The county associations usually run a single division, the Bezirksliga (English: County League) under their jurisdiction, then followed by the district associations' top flights Kreisliga (English: District League). State associations that are directly subdivided into district associations, typically run the Bezirksliga themselves.

Northern Germany[edit]

Schleswig-Holstein[edit]

Schleswig-Holsteinian Football Association

The Schleswig-Holsteinian Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Schleswig-Holstein and starts at level 5 of the German league system with the Schleswig-Holstein-Liga on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are SV Eichede. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the Bremen-Liga champions, the Oberliga Hamburg champions and the Oberliga Niedersachsen runner-up for two promotions to the Regionalliga Nord.

Below the state association league system 14 district associations work as feeders to the Verbandsliga. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 67 divisions having 972 teams.[9] Additionally, 4 teams play above the state association league system: Holstein Kiel (3. Liga), VfR Neumünster, ETSV Weiche Flensburg and SV Eichede (all Regionalliga Nord).

Level

Division

1 promotion playoff spot to Regionalliga Nord

5

Schleswig-Holstein-Liga18 teams

6

4 divisions of Verbandsliga68 teams

↓ relegation to Dithmarschen, Flensburg, Herzogtum Lauenburg, Kiel, Lübeck, Neumünster, Nordfriesland, Ostholstein, Plön, Rendsburg-Eckernförde, Schleswig, Segeberg, Steinburg or Stormarn district FA league systems

7

14 divisions of Kreisliga224 teams

8

15 divisions of Kreisklasse A219 teams

9

14 divisions of Kreisklasse B195 teams

10

11 divisions of Kreisklasse C145 teams

11

8 divisions of Kreisklasse D103 teams

Hamburg[edit]

Hamburg Football Association

The Hamburg Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Hamburg and starts at level 5 of the German league system with the Oberliga Hamburg on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are FC Elmshorn. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the Bremen-Liga champions, the Schleswig-Holstein-Liga champions and the Oberliga Niedersachsen runner-up for two promotions to the Regionalliga Nord.

As the state of Hamburg consists only of the city of Hamburg itself, there are no local associations below.[10] In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 26 divisions having 418 teams[11] Additionally, 6 teams play above the state association league system: Hamburger SV (Bundesliga), FC St. Pauli (2. Bundesliga), Hamburger SV II, FC St. Pauli II, SC Victoria Hamburg and FC Eintracht Norderstedt 03 (all Regionalliga Nord).

Level

Division

1 promotion playoff spot to Regionalliga Nord

5

Oberliga Hamburg18 teams

6

2 divisions of Landesliga32 teams

7

4 divisions of Bezirksliga64 teams

8

8 divisions of Kreisliga128 teams

9

11 divisions of Kreisklasse176 teams

Lower Saxony[edit]

Lower Saxonian Football Association

The Lower Saxonian Football Association league system is the state association league systems in the state of Lower Saxony and starts at level 5 of the German league system with the Oberliga Niedersachsen on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are Eintracht Braunschweig II. The champions are directly promoted to Regionalliga Nord, whereas the runner-up enters a promotion playoff along with the Bremen-Liga champions and the Oberliga Hamburg champions and the Schleswig-Holstein-Liga champions for two additional promotions.

Below the state association league system 4 county associations and following them 43 district associations work as feeders to the Landesliga. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 306 divisions having 4,266 teams.[12] Additionally, 14 teams play above the state association league system: Hannover 96, VfL Wolfsburg and Eintracht Braunschweig (all Bundesliga), VfL Osnabrück (3. Liga), TSV Havelse, VfL Wolfsburg II, Hannover 96 II, Goslarer SC 08, Schwarz-Weiß Rehden, VfB Oldenburg, SV Meppen, BV Cloppenburg, SV Wilhelmshaven and Eintracht Braunschweig II (all Regionalliga Nord).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot + 1 promotion playoff spot to Regionalliga Nord

5

Oberliga Niedersachsen16 teams

↓ relegation to Braunschweig, Hannover, Lüneburg or Weser-Ems county FA league systems

6

4 divisions of Landesliga66 teams

7

17 divisions of Bezirksliga273 teams

↓ relegation to Ammerland, Aurich, Bentheim, Braunschweig, Celle, Cloppenburg, Cuxhaven, Diepholz, Emden, Emsland, Friesland, Gifhorn, Göttingen-Osterode, Hameln-Pyrmont, Hannover-Land, Hannover-Stadt, Harburg, Heidekreis, Helmstedt, Hildesheim, Holzminden, Leer, Lüchow-Dannenberg, Lüneburg, Nienburg, Nordharz, Northeim-Einbeck, Oldenburg-Land/Delmenhorst, Oldenburg-Stadt, Osnabrück-Land, Osnabrück-Stadt, Osterholz, Peine, Rotenburg, Schaumburg, Stade, Uelzen, Vechta, Verden, Wilhelmshaven or Wittmund district FA league systems

8

44 divisions of Kreisliga683 teams

9

63 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse921 teams

10

68 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse916 teams

11

69 divisions of 3. Kreisklasse882 teams

12

37 divisions of 4. Kreisklasse472 teams

13

3 divisions of 5. Kreisklasse37 teams

Bremen[edit]

Bremen Football Association

The Bremen Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Bremen and starts at level 5 of the German league system with the Bremen-Liga on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are SV Werder Bremen III. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the Oberliga Hamburg champions, the Schleswig-Holstein-Liga champions and the Oberliga Niedersachsen runner-up for two promotions to the Regionalliga Nord.

Below the state association league system 2 county associations and following them 3 district associations work as feeders to the Landesliga.[13] In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 11 divisions having 157 teams.[14] Additionally, 2 teams play above the state association league system: SV Werder Bremen (Bundesliga) and SV Werder Bremen II (Regionalliga Nord).

Level

Division

1 promotion playoff spot to Regionalliga Nord

5

Bremen-Liga16 teams

6

Landesliga16 teams

↓ relegation to Bremen or Bremerhaven county FA league systems

7

2 divisions of Bezirksliga29 teams

↓ relegation to Bremen-Nord, Bremen-Stadt or Bremerhaven district FA league systems

8

2 divisions of Kreisliga A26 teams

9

Kreisliga B32 teams

10

Kreisliga C16 teams

11

1. Kreisklasse13 teams

12

2. Kreisklasse13 teams

13

3. Kreisklasse12 teams

Northeastern Germany[edit]

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern[edit]

Football Association of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

The Football Association of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern league system is the state association league systems in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Mecklenburg-Vorpommern on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are FC Schönberg 95. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

Below the state association league system 6 district associations work as feeders to the Landesklasse. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 45 divisions having 581 teams.[15] Additionally, 8 teams play above the state association league system: Hansa Rostock (3. Liga), TSG Neustrelitz (Regionalliga Nordost), Torgelower SV Greif, Hansa Rostock II, FC Pommern Greifswald, Malchower SV, 1. FC Neubrandenburg and FC Schönberg 95 (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Verbandsliga Mecklenburg-Vorpommern15 teams

7

3 divisions of Landesliga42 teams

8

6 divisions of Landesklasse84 teams

↓ relegation to Mecklenburger Seenplatte-Vorpommern, Nordvorpommern-Rügen, Schwerin-Nordwestmecklenburg, Vorpommern, Warnow or Westmecklenburg district FA league systems

9

8 divisions of Kreisoberliga111 teams

10

12 divisions of Kreisliga159 teams

11

15 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse169 teams

Brandenburg[edit]

Football Association of Brandenburg

The Football Association of Brandenburg league system is the state association league system in the state of Brandenburg and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Brandenburg-Liga on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are FC Strausberg. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

Below the state association league system 17 district associations work as feeders to the Landesklasse. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 73 divisions having 1,026 teams.[16] Additionally, 10 teams play above the state association league system: FC Energie Cottbus (2. Bundesliga), SV Babelsberg 03 and FSV Optik Rathenow (all Regionalliga Nordost), FC Energie Cottbus II, Brandenburger SC Süd 05, SV Altlüdersdorf, RSV Waltersdorf, FSV 63 Luckenwalde, FSV Union Fürstenwalde and FC Strausberg (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Brandenburg-Liga17 teams

7

2 divisions of Landesliga31 teams

8

5 divisions of Landesklasse81 teams

↓ relegation to Barnim, Dahmeland, Elbe/Elster, Havelland-Mitte, Jüterbog/Luckenwalde, Märkisch Oderland, Niederlausitz, Oberhavel, Oder/Neiße, Ostprignitz/Ruppin, Ostuckermark, Prignitz, Senftenberg, Spree, Spreewald, Westhavelland or Westuckermark district FA league systems

9

17 divisions of Kreisliga263 teams

10

19 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse285 teams

11

20 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse257 teams

12

9 divisions of 3. Kreisklasse94 teams

Berlin[edit]

Berlin Football Association

The Berlin Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Berlin and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Berlin-Liga on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are BFC Viktoria 1889. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

As the state of Berlin consists only of the city of Berlin itself, there are no local associations below. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 20 divisions having 325 teams.[17] Additionally, 10 teams play above the state association league system: Hertha BSC (Bundesliga), 1. FC Union Berlin (2. Bundesliga), Berliner AK 07, Hertha BSC II, 1. FC Union Berlin II and BFC Viktoria 89 (all Regionalliga Nordost), BFC Dynamo, SV Lichtenberg 47, VSG Altglienicke and BFC Viktoria 1889 (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Berlin-Liga18 teams

7

2 divisions of Landesliga32 teams

8

3 divisions of Bezirksliga48 teams

9

4 divisions of Kreisliga A64 teams

10

6 divisions of Kreisliga B94 teams

11

4 divisions of Kreisliga C68 teams

Saxony-Anhalt[edit]

Football Association of Saxony-Anhalt

The Football Association of Saxony-Anhalt league system is the association league systems in the state of Saxony-Anhalt and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Sachsen-Anhalt on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are Union Sandersdorf. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

Below the state association league system 14 district associations work as feeders to the Landesklasse. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 90 divisions having 1,215 teams.[18] Additionally, 7 teams play above the state association league system: Hallescher FC (3. Liga), 1. FC Magdeburg and VfB Germania Halberstadt (all Regionalliga Nordost), Hallescher FC II, VfL Halle 96, FC Grün-Weiß Piesteritz and Union Sandersdorf (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Verbandsliga Sachsen-Anhalt15 teams

7

2 divisions of Landesliga31 teams

8

6 divisions of Landesklasse96 teams

↓ relegation to Altmark-Ost, Altmark-West, Anhalt, Anhalt-Bitterfeld, Börde, Burgenland, Halle, Harz, Jerichower Land, Magdeburg, Mansfeld-Südharz, Saalekreis, Salzland or Wittenberg district FA league systems

9

14 divisions of Kreisoberliga214 teams

10

23 divisions of Kreisliga331 teams

11

28 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse347 teams

12

16 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse180 teams

Thuringia[edit]

Thuringian Football Association

The Thuringian Football Association league system is the state association league systems in the state of Thuringia and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Thüringen on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are SV SCHOTT Jena. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

Below the state association league system 9 district associations work as feeders to the Landesklasse. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 92 divisions having 1,171 teams.[19] Additionally, 8 teams play above the state association league system: Rot-Weiß Erfurt (3. Liga), FC Carl Zeiss Jena, ZFC Meuselwitz and FSV Wacker 90 Nordhausen (all Regionalliga Nordost), FC Carl Zeiss Jena II, FC Einheit Rudolstadt, Rot-Weiß Erfurt II and SV SCHOTT Jena (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Verbandsliga Thüringen16 teams

7

3 divisions of Landesklasse48 teams

↓ relegation to Eichsfeld-Unstrut-Hainich, Erfurt-Sömmerda, Jena-Saale-Orla, Mittelthüringen, Nordthüringen, Ostthüringen, Rhön-Rennsteig, Südthüringen or Westthüringen district FA league systems

8

9 divisions of Kreisoberliga136 teams

9

21 divisions of Kreisliga299 teams

10

22 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse293 teams

11

29 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse316 teams

12

7 divisions of 3. Kreisklasse63 teams

Saxony[edit]

Saxionian Football Association

The Saxionian Football Association league system is the association league systems in the state of Saxony and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Sachsenliga on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are FC Oberlausitz Neugersdorf. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Nordost.

Below the state association league system 13 district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 106 divisions having 1,425 teams.[20] Additionally, 15 teams play above the state association league system: Dynamo Dresden and Erzgebirge Aue (all 2. Bundesliga), Chemnitzer FC and RB Leipzig (all 3. Liga), FSV Zwickau, VFC Plauen, VfB Auerbach and 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig (all Regionalliga Nordost), FSV Budissa Bautzen, SSV Markranstädt, Dynamo Dresden II, Heidenauer SV, Chemnitzer FC II, Erzgebirge Aue II and FC Oberlausitz Neugersdorf (all Oberliga Nordost).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Nordost

6

Sachsenliga16 teams

7

4 divisions of Bezirksliga56 teams

↓ relegation to Chemnitz, Dresden, Erzgebirge, Leipzig, Meißen, Mittelsachsen, Muldental-Leipziger Land, Nordsachsen, Oberlausitz, Sächsische Schweiz/Osterzgebirge, Vogtland, Westlausitz or Zwickau district FA league systems

8

13 divisions of Kreisoberliga191 teams

9

25 divisions of Kreisliga352 teams

10

31 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse413 teams

11

22 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse271 teams

12

10 divisions of 3. Kreisklasse126 teams

Western Germany[edit]

Lower Rhine[edit]

Football Association of the Lower Rhine

The Football Association of the Lower Rhine league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, covering its northwestern part, and starts at level 5 of the German league system with the Oberliga Niederrhein on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are KFC Uerdingen. The champions are directly promoted to Regionalliga West.

Below the state association league system 14 district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 100 divisions having 1,557 teams.[21] Additionally, 9 teams play above the state association league system: Borussia Mönchengladbach (Bundesliga), Fortuna Düsseldorf (2. Bundesliga), MSV Duisburg (3. Liga), Borussia Mönchengladbach II, Rot-Weiß Oberhausen, Rot-Weiß Essen, SSVg Velbert, Fortuna Düsseldorf II and KFC Uerdingen (all Regionalliga West).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Regionalliga West

5

Oberliga Niederrhein20 teams

6

3 divisions of Landesliga49 teams

7

9 divisions of Bezirksliga144 teams

↓ relegation to Bocholt, Bottrop, Duisburg/Mülheim/Dinslaken, Düsseldorf, Essen Nord/West, Essen Süd/Ost, Grevenbroich/Neuss, Kempen/Krefeld, Kleve/Geldern, Moers, Mönchengladbach/Viersen, Remscheid, Solingen or Wuppertal/Niederberg district FA league systems

8

16 divisions of Kreisliga A257 teams

9

32 divisions of Kreisliga B509 teams

10

39 divisions of Kreisliga C580 teams

Middle Rhine[edit]

Football Association of the Middle Rhine

The Football Association of the Middle Rhine league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, covering its southwestern part, and starts at level 5 of the German league system with the Oberliga Mittelrhein on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are FC Hennef 05. The champions are directly promoted to Regionalliga West.

Below the state association league system 9 district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 93 divisions having 1,406 teams.[22] Additionally, 7 teams play above the state association league system: Bayer Leverkusen (Bundesliga), 1. FC Köln (2. Bundesliga), Alemannia Aachen, Fortuna Köln, 1. FC Köln II, Viktoria Köln and Bayer Leverkusen II (all Regionalliga West).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Regionalliga West

5

Oberliga Mittelrhein16 teams

6

2 divisions of Landesliga31 teams

7

4 divisions of Bezirksliga64 teams

↓ relegation to Aachen, Berg, Bonn, Düren, Euskirchen, Heinsberg, Köln, Rhein-Erft or Sieg district FA league systems

8

9 divisions of Kreisliga A145 teams

9

25 divisions of Kreisliga B380 teams

10

40 divisions of Kreisliga C604 teams

11

12 divisions of Kreisliga D165 teams

Westphalia[edit]

Football and Athletics Association of Westphalia

The Football and Athletics Association of Westphalia league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, covering its eastern part, and starts at level 5 of the German league system with the Oberliga Westfalen on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are SV Lippstadt 08. The champions and the runner-up are directly promoted to Regionalliga West.

Below the state association league system 33 district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 225 divisions having 3,384 teams. Additionally, 15 teams play above the state association league system: Borussia Dortmund and FC Schalke 04 (all Bundesliga), SC Paderborn 07, VfL Bochum and Arminia Bielefeld(all 2. Bundesliga), Preußen Münster and Borussia Dortmund II (all 3. Liga), VfL Bochum II, Sportfreunde Lotte, FC Schalke 04 II, Sportfreunde Siegen, SC Verl, SC Wiedenbrück, SV Lippstadt 08 and SG Wattenscheid 09 (all Regionalliga West).

Level

Division

2 promotion spots to Regionalliga West

5

Oberliga Westfalen18 teams

6

2 divisions of Westfalenliga32 teams

7

4 divisions of Landesliga64 teams

8

12 divisions of Bezirksliga216 teams

↓ relegation to Ahaus-Coesfeld, Arnsberg, Beckum, Bielefeld, Bochum, Brilon, Büren, Detmold, Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Gütersloh, Hagen, Herford, Herne, Höxter, Iserlohn, Lemgo, Lippstadt, Lübbecke, Lüdenscheid, Lüdinghausen, Meschede, Minden, Münster/Warendorf, Olpe, Paderborn, Recklinghausen, Siegen-Wittgenstein, Soest, Steinfurt, Tecklenburg, Unna-Hamm or Warburg district FA league systems

9

45 divisions of Kreisliga A717 teams

10

60 divisions of Kreisliga B937 teams

11

91 divisions of Kreisliga C1,284 teams

12

7 divisions of Kreisliga D90 teams

Southwestern Germany[edit]

Rhineland[edit]

Football Association of the Rhineland

The Football Association of the Rhineland league system is one of two state association league systems in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, covering its northern part, and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Rheinlandliga on top. The current (2011–12 season) champions are SV Mehring. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar.

Below the state association league system 9 district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga. In the 2012–13 season, the full system comprises 73 divisions having 984 teams.[23] Additionally, 7 teams play above the state association league system: TuS Koblenz and Eintracht Trier (all Regionalliga Südwest), SG Betzdorf, SpVgg EGC Wirges, FSV Salmrohr, SV Mehring and SV Roßbach/Verscheid (all Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

6

Rheinlandliga18 teams

7

3 divisions of Bezirksliga51 teams

↓ relegation to Eifel, Hunsrück/Mosel, Koblenz, Mosel, Rhein/Ahr, Rhein/Lahr, Trier/Saarburg, Westerwald/Sieg or Westerwald/Wied district FA league systems

8

9 divisions of Kreisliga A127 teams

9

16 divisions of Kreisliga B224 teams

10

22 divisions of Kreisliga C297 teams

11

22 divisions of Kreisliga D267 teams

Southwest[edit]

Southwestern German Football Association

The South Western German Football Association league system is one of two state association league systems in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, covering its southern part, and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Südwest on top. The current (2011–12 season) champions are TSG Pfeddersheim. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar.

Below the state association league system 4 county associations work as feeders to the Landesliga.[24] In the 2012–13 season, the full system comprises 70 divisions having 1,075 teams.[25] Additionally, 13 teams play above the state association league system: 1. FSV Mainz 05 (Bundesliga), 1. FC Kaiserslautern (2. Bundesliga), Wormatia Worms, SC Idar-Oberstein, 1. FSV Mainz 05 II and 1. FC Kaiserslautern II (all Regionalliga Südwest), SC Hauenstein, TuS Mechtersheim, TSG Pfeddersheim, SVN Zweibrücken, SV Gonsenheim, FK Pirmasens and Arminia Ludwigshafen (all Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

6

Verbandsliga Südwest16 teams

7

2 divisions of Landesliga32 teams

↓ relegation to Nahe, Rheinhessen, Vorderpfalz or Westpfalz county FA league systems

8

4 divisions of Bezirksliga64 teams

9

10 divisions of Bezirksklasse160 teams

↓ relegation to Alzey, Kaiserslautern-Donnersberg, Kusel-Kaiserslautern, Mainz/Bingen, Nahe, Primasens/Zweibrücken, Rhein-Mittelhaardt, Rhein-Pfalz, Südpfalz and Worms district FA league systems

10

20 divisions of Kreisliga321 teams

11

30 divisions of 1. Kreisklasse444 teams

12

3 divisions of 2. Kreisklasse38 teams

Saarland[edit]

Saarland Football Association

The Saarland Football Association league system is the association league systems in the state of Saarland and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Saarlandliga on top. The current (2011–12 season) champions are SC Halberg Brebach. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar.

Below the state association league system 4 district associations work as feeders to the Bezirksliga.[26] In the 2012–13 season, the full system comprises 44 divisions having 618 teams.[27] Additionally, 9 teams play above the state association league system: 1. FC Saarbrücken (3. Liga), FC Homburg and SV Elversberg (all Regionalliga Südwest), SF Köllerbach, SC Halberg Brebach, 1. FC Saarbrücken II, SV Elversberg II, Borussia Neunkirchen and Röchling Völklingen (all Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar

6

Saarlandliga18 teams

7

2 divisions of Verbandsliga32 teams

8

4 divisions of Landesliga64 teams

9

6 divisions of Bezirksliga96 teams

↓ relegation to Nordsaar, Ostsaar, Südsaar or Westsaar district FA league systems

10

15 divisions of Kreisliga A225 teams

11

16 divisions of Kreisliga B183 teams

Southern Germany[edit]

Hesse[edit]

Hessian Football Association

The Hessian Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Hesse and starts at level 5 of the German league system with the Hessenliga on top. The current (2012–13 season) champions are KSV Baunatal. The champions are directly promoted to Regionalliga Südwest.

Below the state association league system 6 county associations and following them 24 district associations work as feeders to the Verbandsliga.[28] In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 165 divisions having 2,578 teams.[29] Additionally, 8 teams play above the state association league system: Eintracht Frankfurt (Bundesliga), FSV Frankfurt (2. Bundesliga), SV Darmstadt 98 and SV Wehen-Wiesbaden (all 3. Liga), Kickers Offenbach, KSV Hessen Kassel, Eintracht Frankfurt II and KSV Baunatal (all Regionalliga Südwest).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot to Regionalliga Südwest

5

Hessenliga18 teams

6

3 divisions of Verbandsliga54 teams

↓ relegation to Darmstadt, Frankfurt, Fulda, Gießen/Marburg, Kassel or Wiesbaden county FA league systems

7

8 divisions of Gruppenliga140 teams

↓ relegation to Alsfeld, Bergstraße, Biedenkopf, Büdingen, Darmstadt, Dieburg, Dillenburg, Frankenberg, Frankfurt, Friedberg, Fulda, Gelnhausen, Gießen, Groß-Gerau, Hanau, Hersfeld-Rotenburg, Hochtaunus, Hofgeismar, Kassel, Lauterbach-Hünfeld, Limburg-Weilburg, Maintaunus, Marburg, Odenwald, Offenbach, Rheingau-Taunus, Schlüchtern, Schwalm-Eder, Waldeck, Werra/Meißner, Wetzlar, Wiesbaden or Wolfhagen district FA league systems

8

25 divisions of Kreisoberliga411 teams

9

37 divisions of Kreisliga A597 teams

10

49 divisions of Kreisliga B754 teams

11

34 divisions of Kreisliga C488 teams

12

8 divisions of Kreisliga D116 teams

Baden[edit]

Badenian Football Association

The Badenian Football Association league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of Baden-Württemberg, covering its northwestern part, and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Baden on top. The current (2011–12 season) champions are TSV Grunbach. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg, whereas the runner-up enters a promotion playoff along with the Verbandsliga Südbaden runner-up and the Verbandsliga Württemberg runner-up for one additional promotion.

Below the state association league system 9 district associations league systems work as feeders to the Landesliga. In the 2012–13 season, the full system comprises 56 divisions having 843 teams.[30] Additionally, 12 teams play above the state association league system: 1899 Hoffenheim (Bundesliga), SV Sandhausen (2. Bundesliga), Karlsruher SC (3. Liga), 1899 Hoffenheim II and SV Waldhof Mannheim (all Regionalliga Südwest), SV Spielberg, FC Astoria Walldorf, VfR Mannheim, Karlsruher SC II, FC Nöttingen, TSV Grunbach and SpVgg Neckarelz (all Oberliga Baden-Württemberg).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot + 1 promotion playoff spot to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

6

Verbandsliga Baden15 teams

7

3 divisions of Landesliga50 teams

↓ relegation to Bruchsal, Buchen, Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Mannheim, Mosbach, Pforzheim, Sinsheim or Tauberbischofsheim district FA league systems

8

9 divisions of Kreisliga142 teams

9

12 divisions of Kreisklasse A187 teams

10

18 divisions of Kreisklasse B272 teams

11

13 divisions of Kreisklasse C177 teams

South Baden[edit]

South Badenian Football Association

The South Badenian Football Association league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of Baden-Württemberg, covering its southwestern part, and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Südbaden on top. The current (2011–12 season) champions are FC Singen 04. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg, whereas the runner-up enters a promotion playoff along with the Verbandsliga Baden runner-up and the Verbandsliga Württemberg runner-up for one additional promotion.

Below the state association league system 6 county associations work as feeders to the Landesliga.[31] In the 2012–13 season, the full system comprises 87 divisions having 1,192 teams.[32] Additionally, 9 teams play above the state association league system: SC Freiburg (Bundesliga), SC Pfullendorf and SC Freiburg II (all Regionalliga Südwest), Bahlinger SC, TSG Balingen, Kehler FV, FC 08 Villingen, Offenburger FV and FC Singen 04 (all Oberliga Baden-Württemberg).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot + 1 promotion playoff spot to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

6

Verbandsliga Südbaden16 teams

7

3 divisions of Landesliga48 teams

↓ relegation to Baden-Baden, Bodensee, Freiburg, Hochrhein, Offenburg or Schwarzwald county FA league systems

8

6 divisions of Bezirksliga98 teams

9

15 divisions of Kreisliga A225 teams

10

38 divisions of Kreisliga B522 teams

11

24 divisions of Kreisliga C283 teams

Württemberg[edit]

Württembergian Football Association

The Württembergian Football Association league system is one of three state association league systems in the state of Baden-Württemberg, covering its southwestern part, and starts at level 6 of the German league system with the Verbandsliga Württemberg on top. The current (2011–12 season) champions are SGV Freiberg. The champions are directly promoted to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg, whereas the runner-up enters a promotion playoff along with the Verbandsliga Baden runner-up and the Verbandsliga Südbaden runner-up for one additional promotion.[33]

Below the state association league system 16 county associations work as feeders to the Landesliga. In the 2012–13 season, the full system comprises 156 divisions having 2,202 teams.[34] Additionally, 12 teams play above the state association league system: VfB Stuttgart (Bundesliga), VfR Aalen (2. Bundesliga), 1. FC Heidenheim, VfB Stuttgart II and Stuttgarter Kickers (all 3. Liga), SG Sonnenhof Großaspach and SSV Ulm 1846 (all Regionalliga Südwest), FSV 08 Bissingen, SGV Freiberg, FSV Hollenbach, Stuttgarter Kickers II and SSV Reutlingen (all Oberliga Baden-Württemberg).

Level

Division

1 promotion spot + 1 promotion playoff spot to Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

6

Verbandsliga Württemberg16 teams

7

4 divisions of Landesliga66 teams

↓ relegation to Alb, Böblingen/Calw, Bodensee, Donau, Donau/Iller, Enz/Murr, Hohenlohe, Kocher/Rems, Neckar/Fils, Nördlicher Schwarzwald, Rems/Murr, Riß, Schwarzwald, Stuttgart, Unterland or Zollern county FA league systems

8

16 divisions of Bezirksliga155 teams

9

41 divisions of Kreisliga A619 teams

10

79 divisions of Kreisliga B1,073 teams

11

15 divisions of Kreisliga C172 teams

Bavaria[edit]

Bavarian Football Association

The Bavarian Football Association league system is the state association league system in the state of Bavaria and starts at level 4 of the German league system with the Regionalliga Bayern on top. The champions enter a promotion playoff along with the Regionalliga Nord champions, the Regionalliga Nordost champions, the Regionalliga Südwest champions and runner-up and the Regionalliga West champions for three promotions to the 3. Liga. The current (2012–13 season) champions are TSV 1860 Munich II.

Below the state association league system 7 county associations and following them 24 district associations work as feeders to the Landesliga. In the 2013–14 season, the full system comprises 450 divisions having 6,285 teams.[35] Additionally, 9 teams play above the state association league system: FC Bayern München, 1. FC Nürnberg and FC Augsburg (all Bundesliga), SpVgg Greuther Fürth, TSV 1860 München and FC Ingolstadt (all 2. Bundesliga), Jahn Regensburg, Wacker Burghausen and SpVgg Unterhaching (all 3. Liga).

Level

Division

1 promotion playoff spot to 3. Liga

4

Regionalliga Bayern20 teams

5

2 divisions of Bayernliga37 teams

6

5 divisions of Landesliga92 teams

↓ relegation to Mittelfranken, Niederbayern, Oberbayern, Oberfranken, Oberpfalz, Schwaben and Unterfranken county FA league systems

7

15 divisions of Bezirksliga254 teams

↓ relegation to Allgäu, Amberg/Weiden, Aschaffenburg, Augsburg, Bamberg/Bayreuth, Bayerwald, Cham/Schwandorf, Coburg, Donau, Donau/Isar, Erlangen/Pegnitzgrund, Hof, Inn/Salzach, Kronach, Landshut, Marktredwitz, München, Neumarkt/Jura, Nürnberg/Frankenhöhe, Passau, Regensburg, Rhön, Schweinfurt, Straubing, Würzburg and Zugspitze district FA league systems

8

43 divisions of Kreisliga640 teams

9

94 divisions of Kreisklasse1,353 teams

10

138 divisions of A-Klasse1,877 teams

11

121 divisions of B-Klasse1,614 teams

12

28 divisions of C-Klasse375 teams

References[edit]

  1. ^ Regionalliga Nord 2012-13 promotion and relegation (German)
  2. ^ Regionalliga Nordost 2012-13 promotion and relegation (German)
  3. ^ Regionalliga West 2012-13 promotion and relegation (German)
  4. ^ Oberliga Nordost 2012-13 promotion and relegation (German)
  5. ^ Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar 2012-13 promotion and relegation (German)
  6. ^ Oberliga Baden-Württemberg 2011-12 promotion and relegation (German)
  7. ^ Map of German regional and state football associations
  8. ^ Regionalliga Bayern (German)
  9. ^ Schleswig-Holstein official results and tables
  10. ^ Hamburg FA regulations (German)
  11. ^ Hamburg FA level 5 to 9 official results and tables
  12. ^ Lower Saxony official results and tables
  13. ^ Bremen FA regulations (German)
  14. ^ Bremen FA level 5 to 13 official results and tables
  15. ^ Mecklenburg-Vorpommern official results and tables
  16. ^ Brandenburg FA level 6 to 11 official results and tables
  17. ^ Berlin FA level 6 to 11 official results and tables
  18. ^ Saxony-Anhalt official results and tables
  19. ^ Thuringia FA official level 6 to 12 results and tables (German)
  20. ^ Sachsen official results and tables
  21. ^ Lower Rhine official results and tables
  22. ^ Middle Rhine official results and tables
  23. ^ Rhineland official results and tables
  24. ^ Southwest FA 2012-13 regulations (German)
  25. ^ Southwest FA official level 6 to 12 results and tables (German)
  26. ^ Saarland FA 2011-12 regulations (German)
  27. ^ Saarland official results and tables
  28. ^ Hesse FA regulations
  29. ^ Hesse FA level 5 to 12 official results and tables
  30. ^ Baden: Full official results and tables
  31. ^ South Baden FA 2012-13 regulations (German)
  32. ^ South Baden results and tables
  33. ^ Württemberg FA 2012-13 regulations (German)
  34. ^ Württemberg level 6 to 11 results and tables
  35. ^ Bayern: full official results and tables

External links[edit]