Herman of Solovki

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The icon of German of Solovki

St. Herman of Solovki (Russian: Герман Соловецкий, died 1479) was one of the founders of the Solovetsky Monastery.[1] In total, he lived in Solovetsky Islands, at the time, the most remote location, for about 50 years.

In 1429 German, who was presumably of Karelian origin, met a monk, Sabbatius, who previously settled near a chapel on the Vyg River. They were both looking for a desolate place, to avoid the crowds. They sailed together to Solovetsky Islands, where they lived as hermits. In 1435 Savvatiy died, and German returned to the continent, where in 1436 he met Zosima. Together with Zosima, he returned to the islands, and, when eventually the monks started to arrive there, Solovetsky Monastery was founded. Zosima eventually became the hegumen of the monastery, which was subordinate to the Eparchy of Novgorod.

In 1479, after the death of Zosima, the new hegumen, Arseniy, sent German to Novgorod. German died in Novgorod at the same year, and his relics were to be moved back to Solovetsky Monastery. However, the monks did not manage to do it during the season, and buried German on Svir River. In 1484, the relics were transferred to Solovetsky Monastery.

Since 1692, German is venered as a saint by the Russian Orthodox Church. Feast days are 30 July (12 August) (invention of the relics) and 8 (21) August (translation of the relics).[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Герман Соловецкий" (in Russian). Solovki Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Православные святые и святыни в истории Архангельского Севера" (in Russian). Поморский государственный университет имени М.В.Ломоносова. 2002. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Преподобный Герман Соловецкий