German submarine U-1018

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-1018
Ordered: 23 March 1942
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Laid down: 16 April 1943
Launched: 1 March 1944
Commissioned: 24 April 1944
Fate: Sunk 27 February 1945 in the English Channel south of Penzance by depth charges from the British frigate HMS Loch Fada. 51 dead and 2 survivors.
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement: 769 long tons (781 t) surfaced
871 long tons (885 t) submerged
Length: 67.23 m (220 ft 7 in) o/a
50.9 m (167 ft 0 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.85 m (22 ft 6 in) o/a
5 m (16 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 5 m (16 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder, 4-stroke F46 diesels totalling 2,800–3,200 hp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44-52 officers & ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 1 stern)
14 × torpedoes
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine:
31st U-boat Flotilla
11th U-boat Flotilla
Commanders: Kptlt. Ulrich Faber (24 April 1944 – 1 June 1944)
Kptlt. Walter Burmeister (2 June 1944 – 27 February 1945)
Operations: 1 patrol, 21 January 1945 – 27 February 1945
Victories: 1 ship sunk for a total of 1,317 GRT

German submarine U-1018 was a German Type VIIC/41 U-boat, built during World War II for service in the Battle of the Atlantic. The U-boat was fitted with the Schnorchel underwater-breathing apparatus which enabled her to stay under-water for extended periods thus avoiding detection by enemy warships.[1]

Construction[edit]

She was completed in Hamburg in April 1944, and spent the rest of 1944 training with the 31st U-boat Flotilla. An accident took place during U-1018's work-up period in the Baltic on 17 June which killed one crew member (Obersteuermann Walter Nellsen) and wounded two.[2] In December 1944, she was moved from Kiel to Horten in Norway to join 11th U-boat Flotilla, before departing on 21 January 1945 to patrol the Western Approaches of the English Channel under the command of Kptlt. Walter Burmeister.[3]

Combat role[edit]

On 27 February 1945 she attacked convoy BTC 81 about seven miles from Lizard Point, Cornwall (at 49°55′N 05°22′W / 49.917°N 5.367°W / 49.917; -5.367).[4] U-1018 launched a torpedo which hit the Norwegian freighter SS Corvus which sank within a few minutes,[5] resulting in the death of five of the freighter's Norwegian crew, a 16-year old British cabin boy, Thomas Boniface, and two British Royal Navy gunners, (part of the DEMS gun crew) including former professional footballer Charlie Sillett.[6]

The convoy escort ships immediately launched heavy counter-attacks. Less than two hours later, U-1018 was sunk by depth charges dropped by HMS Loch Fada under the command of Cdr. Benjamin Andrew Rogers, RD, RNR. Only two members of the crew of 53 survived.[2]

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[7]
27 February 1945 Corvus  Norway 1,317 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Schnorchel". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 22 February 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "U-1018". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 21 February 2009. 
  3. ^ "Patrols by U-1018". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 21 February 2009. 
  4. ^ "Today in History: February 27". www.seawaves.com. 27 February 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2009. 
  5. ^ "DS Corvus – Final Fate". www.warsailors.com. 30 July 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2009. 
  6. ^ "DS Corvus – crew list". www.warsailors.com. 30 July 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2009. 
  7. ^ "U-1018 successes". UBoat.net. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 49°55′N 5°22′W / 49.917°N 5.367°W / 49.917; -5.367