German submarine U-116 (1941)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-116.
Career
Name: U-116
Ordered: 31 January 1939
Builder: Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 615
Laid down: 1 July 1939
Launched: 3 May 1941[1]
Commissioned: 26 July 1941[2]
Fate: Presumed sunk after 6 October 1942[2]
General characteristics [3]
Type: Submarine minelayer
Displacement: 1,763 tonnes (1,735 long tons) surfaced
2,177 tonnes (2,143 long tons) submerged
Length: 89.80 m (294 ft 7 in) o/a
70.90 m (232 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 9.20 m (30 ft 2 in) o/a
4.75 m (15 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 10.20 m (33 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.71 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged GW F 46 a 9 pu 9 cylinder, four-stroke diesel engines, 4,800 bhp (3,600 kW)
2 × AEG GU 720/8-287 electric motors, 1,100 hp (820 kW)
Speed: 16.4–17 knots (30.4–31.5 km/h; 18.9–19.6 mph) surfaced
7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) submerged
Range: 18,450 nautical miles (34,170 km; 21,230 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
93 nautical miles (172 km; 107 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: Calculated crush depth: 220 m (720 ft)
Complement: 5 officers, 47 enlisted
Armament: 2 × 53.3 cm (21 in) stern torpedo tubes
15 × torpedoes
66 × SMA mines
1 × 10.5 cm (4.1 in) deck gun (200 rounds)
Service record[4][5]
Part of: 2nd U-boat Flotilla
(26 July 1941–31 January 1942)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 February 1942–6 October 1942)
Commanders: KrvKpt. Werner von Schmidt
(26 July 1941–10 September 1942)
Oblt.z.S. Wilhelm Grimme
(11 September 1942–6 October 1942)
Operations: Four
1st patrol:
25 April–5 May 1942
2nd patrol:
16 May–9 June 1942
3rd patrol:
27 June–23 August 1942
4th patrol:
22 September–6 October 1942
Victories: One commercial ship sunk (4,284 GRT)
One commercial ship damaged (7,093 GRT)

German submarine U-116 was a Type XB minelaying U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 31 January 1939 and laid down on 1 July at Germaniawerft, Kiel, as 'werk 615'. She was launched on 3 May 1941 and commissioned under the command of Korvettenkapitän Werner von Schmidt on 26 July of that year.[4]

Service history[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

After a period of training as part of the 2nd U-boat Flotilla, U-116 was assigned to the front-line as part of the 1st U-boat Flotilla on 1 February 1942.[4] She sailed from Kiel on 4 April 1942, bound for Bergen, Norway, via Heligoland, and departed Bergen on 25 April, circling the British Isles before arriving at Lorient in occupied France, on 5 May.[6]

2nd patrol[edit]

U-116 sailed from Lorient on 16 May 1942 on a patrol to the mid-Atlantic lasting 25 days, arriving back at her homeport on 9 June, without any success.[7]

3rd patrol[edit]

U-116 was more successful on her third patrol which took her south to the coast of West Africa, attacking Convoy OS-33 south of the Azores on 12 July 1942. Soon after midnight she fired one torpedo at the 7,093 ton GRT merchant ship Cortona, causing some damage; although the ship was then sunk by U-201.[8] Nine hours later U-116 fired two torpedoes into the 4,284 ton British merchant ship Shaftesbury, which sank in 15 minutes.[9] The U-boat returned to Lorient on 23 August, after 58 days at sea.[10]

4th patrol[edit]

For her fourth patrol, U-116 sailed under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Wilhelm Grimme. Leaving Lorient on 22 September 1942,[11] she sent her last radio message on 6 October whilst in the North Atlantic at position 45°00′N 31°30′W / 45.000°N 31.500°W / 45.000; -31.500Coordinates: 45°00′N 31°30′W / 45.000°N 31.500°W / 45.000; -31.500, and was never heard from again. 56 men were lost with her.[2][4]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed, German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. 1997. pp. 92-93. Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3
  2. ^ a b c Kemp, pp. 92-93.
  3. ^ Gröner, p. 116.
  4. ^ a b c d "The Type XB boat U-116 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  5. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-116 - Boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  6. ^ "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 25 Apr 1942 to 5 May 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  7. ^ "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 16 May 1942 to 9 Jun 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  8. ^ "Cortona (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  9. ^ "Shaftesbury (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  10. ^ "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 27 Jun 1942 to 23 Aug 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  11. ^ "Patrol of U-boat U-116 from 22 Sep 1942 to 6 Oct 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
Bibliography
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 III (Koblenz: Bernard&Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]