German submarine U-1195

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-1195
Ordered: 25 August 1941
Builder: F Schichau GmbH, Danzig
Laid down: 6 February 1943
Launched: 2 September 1943
Commissioned: 4 November 1943
Fate: Sunk by HMS Watchman by depth charges on 7 April 1945 to the south east of the Isle of Wight at (50°33′22.26″N 0°56′17.81″W / 50.5561833°N 0.9382806°W / 50.5561833; -0.9382806) WGS84 at 30 metres.[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 1 stern)
14 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns

German submarine U-1195 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.

Her keel was laid down 6 February 1943, by F. Schichau, of Danzig. She was commissioned 4 November 1943.[2]

Under the command of Ernst Cordes, she sank the SS James Eagan Layne[3] on 21 March 1945. Another account shows James Egan Layne was sunk by U-399, and instead credits U-1195 with the destruction of the Liberty Ship John R. Park.[4][5]

U-1195 attacked Convoy VWP 16 in the English Channel, sinking the troop transport SS Cuba[1] on 6 April 1945. She was sunk by one of the convoy's escorts, the Royal Navy destroyer HMS Watchman (D26), using a Hedgehog antisubmarine mortar[6] on 7 April 1945 to the southeast of the Isle of Wight at 50°33′22.26″N 0°56′17.81″W / 50.5561833°N 0.9382806°W / 50.5561833; -0.9382806 (WGS84) in 30 metres (98 feet) of water.[1] Fifty crew members were alive when she sank; however, only 14 survived.[5][7]

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[8]
21 March 1945 John R. Park  United States 7,194 Sunk
6 April 1945 Cuba  United Kingdom 11,420 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Dive Wight and Hampshire, Martin Pritchard and Kendal McDonald, ISBN 0-946020-15-9]
  2. ^ uboat.net - U-boat War - U-boat Index
  3. ^ Dive South Cornwall, wreck of JEL, p43, Richard Larn, ISBN 0-946020-25-6
  4. ^ Patrol Data for U-1195, retrieved 2011-10-31 
  5. ^ a b Innes McCartney (2002). Lost Patrols: Submarine Wrecks of the English Channel. 
  6. ^ HMS WATCHMAN (D 26) - V & W-class Destroyer
  7. ^ Submarine Casualties Booklet. U.S. Naval Submarine School. 1966. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  8. ^ "U-1195 successes". UBoat.net. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.