German submarine U-119 (1942)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-119.
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-119
Ordered: 7 August 1939
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 624
Laid down: 15 May 1940
Launched: 6 January 1942[1]
Commissioned: 2 April 1942[2]
Fate: Sunk on 24 June 1943[2] by a British warship
General characteristics [3]
Type: Submarine minelayer
Displacement: 1,763 tonnes (1,735 long tons) surfaced
2,177 tonnes (2,143 long tons) submerged
Length: 89.80 m (294 ft 7 in) o/a
70.90 m (232 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 9.20 m (30 ft 2 in) o/a
4.75 m (15 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 10.20 m (33 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.71 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged GW F 46 a 9 pu 9 cylinder, four-stroke diesel engines, 4,800 bhp (3,600 kW)
2 × AEG GU 720/8-287 electric motors, 1,100 hp (820 kW)
Speed: 16.4–17 knots (30.4–31.5 km/h; 18.9–19.6 mph) surfaced
7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) submerged
Range: 18,450 nautical miles (34,170 km; 21,230 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
93 nmi (172 km; 107 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: Calculated crush depth: 220 m (720 ft)
Complement: 5 officers, 47 enlisted
Armament:
Service record[4][5]
Part of: 2nd U-boat Flotilla
(26 July 1941–31 January 1942)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 February 1942–6 October 1942)
Commanders: Kptlt. Alois Zech
(2 April 1943–16 April 1942)
Kptlt. Horst-Tessen von Kameke
(1 February 1943–24 June 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
6 February–1 April 1943
2nd patrol:
(25 May–24 June 1943)
Victories: Two commercial ships sunk (2,937 GRT)
One commercial ship damaged - 7,176 GRT

German submarine U-119 was a Type XB minelaying U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was laid down at the Germaniawerft in Kiel on 15 May 1940 as yard number 624. She was launched on 6 January 1942 and commissioned under Kapitänleutnant Alois Zech on 2 April 1942, he was replaced by Kptlt Horst-Tessen von Kameke on 1 February 1943, who remained in command until her loss.

U-119 '​s service career began with the 4th U-boat Flotilla on 2 April 1942 where she underwent training. She was declared operational on 1 February 1943 when she moved over to the 12th flotilla.

Operational career[edit]

The boat made a short run from Kiel to Frederikshaven in Denmark and back between 4 August 1942 and the 10th.

1st patrol[edit]

Her first patrol commenced with her departure from Kiel on 6 February 1943. She crossed the North Sea and skirted the northern coast of Iceland, arriving at Bordeaux in occupied France on 1 April.

2nd patrol and loss[edit]

U-119 was unsuccessfully attacked on 29 April 1943 by a Short Sunderland flying boat of 461 Squadron RAAF (Royal Australian Air Force). The boat sustained no damage but one man was killed.
She sank Halma on 3 June east of Halifax, Nova Scotia and damaged John A. Poor on 27 July. Both ships were attacked with mines laid by U-119 on 1 June.

U-119 was sunk by a combination of depth charges, gunfire and ramming from HMS Starling on 24 June 1943.[2]

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[6]
3 June 1943 Halma  Panama 2,937 Sunk (Mine)
28 July 1943 John A. Poor  USA 7,176 Damaged (Mine)

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed, German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. 1997. p. 126. Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3
  2. ^ a b c Kemp, p. 126.
  3. ^ Gröner, p. 116.
  4. ^ "The Type XB boat U-116 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-119 - Boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  6. ^ Ships hit by U-119 - U-boat Successes - German U-boats - uboat.net
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°59′N 12°24′W / 44.983°N 12.400°W / 44.983; -12.400