German submarine U-1276

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-1276
Ordered: 13 June 1942
Builder: Bremer Vulkan of Bremen-Vegesack
Laid down: 13 July 1943
Launched: 25 February 1944
Commissioned: 6 April 1944
Fate: See Fate
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement: 759 tonnes (747 long tons) surfaced
860 t (846 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder, 4-stroke F46 diesel engines totalling 2,800–3,200 hp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44-52 officers & ratings
Armament:

German submarine U-1276 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of the German Navy, built for service during World War II. She was laid down at Bremer Vulkan of Bremen-Vegesack on 13 July 1943. She was commissioned 6 April 1944 with Oberleutnant zur See Karl Heinz Wendt in command. U-1276 was equipped with a submarine snorkel (underwater-breathing apparatus) when she sailed on her last cruise.

Fate[edit]

At 11:45 hours on 20 February 1945, U-1276 sank HMS Vervain, (LtCdr R.A. Howell, RNVR), a Flower-class corvette escorting convoy HX-337. Vervain sank after 20 minutes about 25 nautical miles (46 km; 29 mi) south-east of Dungarvan, Ireland. The commander, three officers and 56 ratings were lost. Three officers and 31 ratings were rescued. HMS Amethyst (LtCdr N. Scott-Elliot, DSC, RN), which was part of the same convoy, then sank U-1276 by depth charges, off Waterford, Ireland at position 51°48′N 07°07′W / 51.800°N 7.117°W / 51.800; -7.117Coordinates: 51°48′N 07°07′W / 51.800°N 7.117°W / 51.800; -7.117. All hands (49) were lost.

Post war[edit]

In 2006, a group of divers from Ardmore Diving discovered the wreck site of the U-1276 some 20 nautical miles (37 km; 23 mi) south of Youghal. The submarine is lying in 75 metres (41 fathoms) of water and largely intact, albeit visibly damaged by the depth charges that sank her.

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[1]
20 February 1945 HMS Vervain  Royal Navy 925 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-1276". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]