German submarine U-130 (1941)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-130.
Career (Germany)
Name: U-130
Ordered: 7 August 1939
Builder: AG Weser in Bremen
Laid down: 20 August 1940
Launched: 14 March 1941
Commissioned: 11 June 1941
Fate: Sunk west of the Azores on 12 March 1943 by USS Champlin[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type IXC submarine
Displacement: 1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.8 m (252 ft 0 in) overall
58.7 m (192 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.8 m (22 ft 4 in) overall
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.4 m (30 ft 10 in)
Draft: 4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 ×  MAN M9V40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,000 hp (2,983 kW)
2 × SSW GU345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 18.2 knots (33.7 km/h) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h) submerged
Range: 24,880 nmi (46,080 km; 28,630 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
117 nautical miles (217 km; 135 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 48 to 56
Armament: 6 ×  torpedo tubes (four bow, two stern)
22 ×  55 cm (22 in) torpedoes
1 ×  10.5 cm SK C/32 naval gun[2] (110 rounds)
Service record
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(21 May 1941–30 June 1941)
2nd U-boat Flotilla
(1 July 1941–1 July 1944)
Commanders: Krvtkpt. Ernst Kals
(11 June 1941–1 January 1943)
Oberleutnant zur See Siefried Keller
(7 February 1943–12 March 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol:
1 December–16 December 1941
2nd patrol:
27 December–25 February 1942
3rd patrol:
24 March 1942–6 June 1942
4th patrol:
4 July–12 September 1942
5th patrol:
29 Octoberl–30 December 1942
6th patrol:
28 February 1943–12 March 1943
Victories: 21 commercial ships sunk (127,608 GRT)
three auxiliary warships sunk (34,407 GRT)
one ship damaged (6,986 GRT)

German submarine U-130 was a Type IXC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was laid down at the AG Weser yard, Bremen as 'werk' 993 on 20 August 1940, launched on 14 March 1941 and commissioned on 11 June.

Her service life began with training in the 4th U-boat Flotilla; she moved to the 2nd Flotilla for more training on 1 September 1941 and operations with the same organization on 1 December.

She sank 21 ships, a total of 127,608 GRT and three auxiliary warships totalling 34,407 GRT in six patrols. She also damaged one ship of 6,986 GRT. She was a member of three wolf packs.

Operational career[edit]

1st and 2nd patrols[edit]

The boat's operational debut was her departure from Kiel on 1 December 1941. Crossing the North Sea, she entered the Atlantic Ocean via the gap between the Faroe and the Shetland Islands. She sank the Kurdistan northwest of Northern Ireland on the 10th before docking at Lorient in occupied France on the 16th. U-130 would use this port for the rest of her career. The Kurdistan survivors were picked up by HMS Kingcup and landed at Derry.

The submarine was unsuccessfully attacked by an aircraft on 12 January 1942 in the Cabot Strait, between Nova Scotia and Newfoundland on her second patrol. She then sank two ships on the 13th east of Nova Scotia. She was almost sunk by two Canadian destroyers on the 18th, but the winter weather played a part, hampering both sides. The U-boat moved south, to warmer waters.

3rd, 4th and 5th patrols[edit]

U-130's third patrol was marked by using her deck gun in conjunction with her torpedoes in the western north Atlantic and the eastern Caribbean when she sank the Grenanger on 11 April 1942 and the Esso Boston a day later.

The boat's fourth sortie also brought success, this time near the Cape Verde islands. Among others, she sank the Tankexpress, the Elmwood and the Danmark, all in July 1942.

She tried to impede the landings for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa, when she sank three troop transports at anchor off Morocco on 12 November 1942. They were the USS Tasker H. Bliss, Edward Rutledge and Hugh L. Scott. The boat then headed off into the Atlantic, north of the Azores.

6th patrol and loss[edit]

Her last patrol was not without success; she sank the Trefusis, Fidra, Empire Tower and Ger-y-Bryn, all on 5 March 1943.

She was sunk on 12 March 1943 by depth charges from the American destroyer USS Champlin west of the Azores. 53 men died. There were no survivors.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date[3] Name Flag Tonnage Fate
10 December 1941 Kirnwood  United Kingdom 3,829 Sunk
10 December 1941 Kurdistan  United Kingdom 5,844 Sunk
10 December 1941 Star of Luxor  Egypt 5,298 Sunk
13 January 1942 Friar Rock  Panama 5,427 Sunk
13 January 1942 Frisco  Norway 1,582 Sunk
21 January 1942 Alexander Høegh  Norway 8,248 Sunk
25 January 1942 Varanger  Norway 9,305 Sunk
27 January 1942 Francis E. Powell  United States 7,096 Sunk
27 January 1942 Halo  United States 6,986 Damaged
11 April 1942 Grenanger  Norway 5,393 Sunk
11 April 1942 Esso Boston  United States 7,699 Sunk
25 July 1942 Tankexpress  Norway 10,095 Sunk
27 July 1942 Elmwood  Norway 7,167 Sunk
30 July 1942 Danmark  United Kingdom 8,391 Sunk
9 August 1942 Malmanger  Norway 7,078 Sunk
11 August 1942 Mirlo  Norway 7,455 Sunk
25 August 1942 Viking Star  United Kingdom 6,445 Sunk
26 August 1942 Beechwood  United Kingdom 4,897 Sunk
12 November 1942 USS Edward Rutledge (AP-52)  United States Navy 9,360 Sunk
12 November 1942 USS Hugh L. Scott (AP-43)  United States Navy 12,479 Sunk
12 November 1942 USS Tasker H. Bliss (AP-42)  United States Navy 12,568 Sunk
5 March 1943 Empire Tower  United Kingdom 4,378 Sunk
5 March 1943 Fidra  United Kingdom 1,574 Sunk
5 March 1943 Ger-y-Bryn  United Kingdom 5,108 Sunk
5 March 1943 Trefusis  United Kingdom 5,299 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 107
  2. ^ Campbell, John Naval Weapons of World War Two ISBN 0-87021-459-4 pp. 248 and 249
  3. ^ "Ships hit by U-130 - U-boat Successes - German U-boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]


Coordinates: 10°00′00″N 35°34′59″W / 10.000°N 35.583°W / 10.000; -35.583