German submarine U-132 (1941)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-132.
U-132  returns to La Pallice
U-132 returns to La Pallice
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-132
Ordered: 7 August 1939
Builder: Vegesacker Werft GmbH, Bremen-Vegesack
Laid down: 10 August 1940
Launched: 10 April 1941
Commissioned: 29 May 1941
Fate: Sunk, 4 November 1942
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged MAN 6-cylinder 4-stroke M 6 V 40/46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × BBC electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record
Part of: 3rd U-boat Flotilla
(29 May 1941–31 August 1941)
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 September 1941–4 November 1942)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Ernst Vogelsang
(29 May 1941–4 November 1942)
Operations: Four:
1st patrol:
7 September–21 October 1941
2nd patrol:
15 January–8 February 1942
3rd patrol:
10 June 1942–16 August 1942
4th patrol:
6 October–4 November 1942
Victories: Eight commercial ships sunk (32,964 GRT)
One warship sunk (2,216 tons)
One ship damaged (6,690 GRT)
One ship declared a total loss (4,367)

German submarine U-132 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 10 August 1940 by Vegesacker Werft, Bremen-Vegesack as 'werk' 11, launched on 10 April 1941 and commissioned on 29 May that year under Oberleutnant zur See Ernst Vogelsang.

In four patrols, U-132 sank eight ships for a total of 32,964 gross register tons (GRT).[1] She was a member of three wolfpacks. The submarine was lost after an attack on Convoy SC-107 in November 1942.

Operational career[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

U-132 departed on her first patrol when she left Trondheim in Norway on 7 September 1941. Rounding the North Cape, she criss-crossed that part of the Barents Sea northwest of Murmansk before heading further east. She sank two Soviet ships, the Argun and the RT-8 Seld on 18 October.

The boat docked in Kirkenes, also in Norway, on 21 October.

2nd patrol[edit]

Having moved from Kirkenes back to Trondheim in late October 1941, U-132 commenced her second foray on 15 January 1942. Her route took her due west through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands to a point 10 nmi (19 km) west of Reykjavík. Here she sank the United States Coast Guard Cutter Alexander Hamilton on the 29th.

She then moved to the port of La Pallice in occupied France, arriving on 8 February.

3rd patrol[edit]

The boat's most successful patrol began when she left La Pallice on 10 June 1942. Having crossed the Atlantic Ocean, she was attacked by the Canadian minesweeper HMCS Drummondville shortly after torpedoing the Dinaric (see below), in the St. Lawrence Seaway. The warship's depth charges damaged the U-boat's ballast pumps and resulted in the loss of 4 m³ of fuel. She sank three ships in short order, the Anastossios Pateras, the Hainaut and the Dinaric, all southeast of Cap Chat, Quebec on 6 July.

Fourteen days later, the submarine attacked the Frederika Lensen near Anticosti Island. The ship was towed to Grand Valée Bay and beached, but with her back broken, she was declared a total loss.

The boat returned to La Pallice on 16 August.

4th patrol and loss[edit]

U-132 left La Pallice for the last time on 6 October 1942. Operating southeast of Cape Farewell (Greenland), she was triumphant after sinking the Hobbema and the Empire Lynx, but was sunk, probably by falling debris from the ammunition ship Haitmura when that vessel exploded, following an attack by U-132 and U-442 on 4 November.

47 men died with the U-boat; there were no survivors.[2]

Previously recorded fate[edit]

Sunk on 5 November 1942 southeast of Cape Farewell by British aircraft of No. 120 Squadron RAF. This attack was on U-89 and caused severe damage to her.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Flag Tonnage Fate Position Deaths
18 October 1941 Argun  Soviet Union 3,487 Sunk 67°41′N 41°03′E / 67.683°N 41.050°E / 67.683; 41.050 Unknown
18 October 1941 RT-8 Seld  Soviet Union 608 Sunk 67°03′N 41°11′E / 67.050°N 41.183°E / 67.050; 41.183 Unknown
29 January 1942 USCGC Alexander Hamilton  United States 2,216 Sunk 64°10′N 22°56′W / 64.167°N 22.933°W / 64.167; -22.933 32
6 July 1942 Anastassios Pateras  Greece 3,382 Sunk 49°30′N 66°30′W / 49.500°N 66.500°W / 49.500; -66.500 3
6 July 1942 Dinaric  United Kingdom 2,555 Sunk 49°30′N 66°30′W / 49.500°N 66.500°W / 49.500; -66.500 4
6 July 1942 Hainaut  Belgium 4,312 Sunk 49°13′N 66°49′W / 49.217°N 66.817°W / 49.217; -66.817 1
20 July 1942 Frederika Lensen  United Kingdom 4,367 Total loss 49°22′N 65°12′W / 49.367°N 65.200°W / 49.367; -65.200 4
30 July 1942 Pacific Pioneer  United Kingdom 6,734 Sunk 43°30′N 60°35′W / 43.500°N 60.583°W / 43.500; -60.583 0
4 November 1942 Empire Lynx  United Kingdom 6,379 Sunk 55°20′N 40°01′W / 55.333°N 40.017°W / 55.333; -40.017 0
4 November 1942 Hatimura*  United Kingdom 6,690 Damaged 55°30′N 40°00′W / 55.500°N 40.000°W / 55.500; -40.000 28
4 November 1942 Hobbema  Netherlands 5,507 Sunk 55°28′N 39°52′W / 55.467°N 39.867°W / 55.467; -39.867 4

*Credit for sinking this vessel belongs to U-442

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "U-132". Uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  2. ^ "Hatimura". Uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
Bibliography

External links[edit]

See also[edit]