German submarine U-132 (1941)
U-132 returns to La Pallice
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||7 August 1939|
|Builder:||Vegesacker Werft GmbH, Bremen-Vegesack|
|Laid down:||10 August 1940|
|Launched:||10 April 1941|
|Commissioned:||29 May 1941|
|Fate:||Sunk, 4 November 1942|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Height:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged MAN 6-cylinder 4-stroke M 6 V 40/46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × BBC electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers & ratings|
|Part of:||3rd U-boat Flotilla
(29 May 1941–31 August 1941)
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 September 1941–4 November 1942)
|Commanders:||Oblt.z.S. Ernst Vogelsang
(29 May 1941–4 November 1942)
7 September–21 October 1941
15 January–8 February 1942
10 June 1942–16 August 1942
6 October–4 November 1942
|Victories:||Eight commercial ships sunk (32,964 GRT)
One warship sunk (2,216 tons)
One ship damaged (6,690 GRT)
One ship declared a total loss (4,367)
German submarine U-132 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 10 August 1940 by Vegesacker Werft, Bremen-Vegesack as yard number 11, launched on 10 April 1941 and commissioned on 29 May that year under Oberleutnant zur See Ernst Vogelsang.
In four patrols, U-132 sank eight ships for a total of 32,964 gross register tons (GRT). She was a member of three wolfpacks. The submarine was lost after an attack on Convoy SC-107 in November 1942.
U-132 departed on her first patrol when she left Trondheim in Norway on 7 September 1941. Rounding the North Cape, she criss-crossed that part of the Barents Sea northwest of Murmansk before heading further east. She sank two Soviet ships, Argun and RT-8 Seld on 18 October.
The boat docked in Kirkenes, also in Norway, on 21 October.
Having moved from Kirkenes back to Trondheim in late October 1941, U-132 commenced her second foray on 15 January 1942. Her route took her due west through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands to a point 10 nmi (19 km; 12 mi) west of Reykjavík. Here she sank the United States Coast Guard Cutter Alexander Hamilton on the 29th.
She then moved to the port of La Pallice in occupied France, arriving on 8 February.
The boat's most successful patrol began when she left La Pallice on 10 June 1942. Having crossed the Atlantic Ocean, she was attacked by the Canadian minesweeper HMCS Drummondville shortly after torpedoing Dinaric (see below), in the St. Lawrence Seaway. The warship's depth charges damaged the U-boat's ballast pumps and resulted in the loss of 4 m³ of fuel. She sank three ships in short order, Anastossios Pateras, Hainaut and Dinaric, all southeast of Cap Chat, Quebec on 6 July.
The boat returned to La Pallice on 16 August.
4th patrol and loss
U-132 left La Pallice for the last time on 6 October 1942. Operating southeast of Cape Farewell (Greenland), she was triumphant after sinking Hobbema and Empire Lynx, but was sunk, probably by falling debris from the ammunition ship Haitmura when that vessel exploded, following an attack by U-132 and U-442 on 4 November.
47 men died with the U-boat; there were no survivors.
U-132 took part in three wolfpacks, namely.
- Endrass (12–17 June 1942)
- Panther (13–19 October 1942)
- Veilchen (20 October - 3 November 1942)
Previously recorded fate
Summary of Raiding Career
|18 October 1941||Argun||Soviet Union||3,487||Sunk||Unknown|
|18 October 1941||RT-8 Seld||Soviet Union||608||Sunk||Unknown|
|29 January 1942||USCGC Alexander Hamilton||United States||2,216||Sunk||32|
|6 July 1942||Anastassios Pateras||Greece||3,382||Sunk||3|
|6 July 1942||Dinaric||United Kingdom||2,555||Sunk||4|
|6 July 1942||Hainaut||Belgium||4,312||Sunk||1|
|20 July 1942||Frederika Lensen||United Kingdom||4,367||Total loss||4|
|30 July 1942||Pacific Pioneer||United Kingdom||6,734||Sunk||0|
|4 November 1942||Empire Lynx||United Kingdom||6,379||Sunk||0|
|4 November 1942||Hatimura*||United Kingdom||6,690||Damaged||28|
|4 November 1942||Hobbema||Netherlands||5,507||Sunk||4|
*Credit for sinking this vessel belongs to U-442
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-132". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- U-132 at ubootwaffe.net[dead link]
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 132". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 9 December 2014.