German submarine U-140 (1940)
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||25 September 1939|
|Builder:||Deutsche Werke, Kiel|
|Laid down:||16 November 1939|
|Launched:||28 June 1940|
|Commissioned:||7 August 1940|
|Fate:||Scuttled, 2 May 1945|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||IID|
|Displacement:||314 t (309 long tons) surfaced
364 t (358 long tons) submerged
|Length:||43.97 m (144 ft 3 in)|
|Beam:||4.92 m (16 ft 2 in)|
|Draft:||3.93 m (12 ft 11 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × propeller shafts
2 × MWM four-stroke diesel engines, 700 shp (520 kW)
2 × Siemens-Schuckert electric motor, 410 shp (310 kW)
|Speed:||12.7 knots (23.5 km/h) surfaced
7.4 knots (13.7 km/h) submerged
|Range:||3,450 nautical miles (6,390 km; 3,970 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
56 nmi (104 km; 64 mi) at 4 knots submerged
|Test depth:||80 m (260 ft)|
|Complement:||3 officers, 22 men|
|Part of:||22nd U-boat Flotilla (1941–45)|
|Victories:||Three ships sunk for a total of 13,204 gross register tons (GRT)
One submarine sunk for a total of 206 tons
German submarine U-140 was a Type IID U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She carried out only one combat patrol, but still managed to see action as a training boat in the summer of 1941. Built at the Kiel shipyards during 1939 and 1940, as a Type IID U-boat, she was too small for major operational work in the Atlantic Ocean, which was now required by the Kriegsmarine as the Battle of the Atlantic expanded.
U-140 only carried out one raiding patrol, under her first captain, Hans-Peter Hinsch. He took her round the north of Scotland in December 1940 following her work-up program, and it was here that she sank her first victim, twelve days into the voyage. Six days later north of Ireland, on 8 December she sank the steel 3-mast barque Penang of neutral Finland, inbound from Stenhouse Bay, South Australia to Cobh in neutral Ireland with a cargo of grain. The Penang and her 18 crew were all lost at . Later that day she heard the British freighter Ashcrest broadcast that she needed assistance as her rudder was broken, at . U-140 sank Ashcrest with the loss of the entire crew of 37.
She then headed home towards retirement. U-140 was docked, her crew transferred and she was converted into a training boat, designed to operate solely in the Baltic Sea, training submariners for the main U-boat force.
It was during this onerous yet necessary duty that her new captain, Hans-Jürgen Hellriegel, found himself facing a small Soviet submarine on the surface, well into the Baltic, a month after the invasion of the Soviet Union. In a careful attack, U-140 torpedoed and sank her rival with his scratch crew of new recruits. Orders had been pushing U-140 further into the Baltic during the preceding months, with the hope that she might achieve just such a victory.
Following this excitement, U-140 returned to training duties, which she continued for the remainder of the war without further incident, save in the final months, when she was transferred to Wilhelmshaven in a general shipment of equipment and personnel to the West. It was there, on the 2 May 1945 in Jade Bay, that U-140 was scuttled by her crew to prevent her seizure by the advancing British forces. Post-war she was raised and scrapped.
Summary of Raiding Career
|2 December 1940||Victoria City||United Kingdom||4,739||Sunk|
|8 December 1940||Penang||Finland||2,816||Sunk|
|8 December 1940||Ashcrest||United Kingdom||5,652||Sunk|
|21 July 1941||Submarine M-94||Soviet Navy||206||Sunk|
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- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
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