German submarine U-14 (1935)
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||2 February 1935|
|Builder:||Deutsche Werke, Kiel|
|Laid down:||6 July 1935|
|Launched:||28 December 1935|
|Commissioned:||18 January 1936|
|Fate:||Scuttled on 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||IIB|
|Displacement:||279 t (275 long tons) surfaced
328 t (323 long tons) submerged
|Length:||42.70 m (140 ft 1 in)|
|Beam:||4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)|
|Draft:||3.90 m (12 ft 10 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × propeller shafts
2 × MWM four-stroke diesel engines, 700 shp (520 kW)
2 × Siemens-Schuckert electric motor, 360 shp (270 kW)
|Speed:||13 knots (24 km/h) surfaced
7 knots (13 km/h) submerged
|Range:||1,800 nautical miles (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
35–43 nmi (65–80 km; 40–49 mi) at 4 knots submerged
|Test depth:||80 m (260 ft)|
|Complement:||3 officers, 22 men|
3rd U-boat Flotilla
22nd U-boat Flotilla
24th U-boat Flotilla
|Identification codes:||M 28 451|
|Victories:||Nine ships sunk for a total of 12,344 gross register tons (GRT)|
German submarine U-14 was a Type IIB U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. It served with 3rd U-boat Flotilla from 18 January 1936 to 31 October 1939. U-14 completed six wartime patrols and sank nine ships totalling 12,344 GRT.
Early in the war, on 3 September 1939, U-14 attacked a Polish submarine and claimed to have sunk it. In reality the Polish submarine, ORP Sęp, was not damaged as the torpedo launched by U-14 exploded prematurely.
After serving on six operational patrols, U-14 was used as a training boat and transferred to U-boat training flotillas, serving with the 23rd and 24th U-boat Flotillas until the end of the war. Despite the high casualties suffered by the Unterseebootwaffen (German submarine arm), U-14 suffered no known casualties during the war.
U-14 was scuttled on 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven.
Summary of Raiding Career
|25 January 1940||Biarritz||Norway||1,752||Sunk|
|15 February 1940||Sliepner||Denmark||1,066||Sunk|
|16 February 1940||Liana||Sweden||1,646||Sunk|
|16 February 1940||Osmed||Sweden||1,526||Sunk|
|16 February 1940||Rhone||Denmark||1,064||Sunk|
|7 March 1940||Vecht||Netherlands||1,965||Sunk|
|9 March 1940||Abbotsford||United Kingdom||1,585||Sunk|
|9 March 1940||Akeld||United Kingdom||643||Sunk|
|9 March 1940||Borthwick||United Kingdom||1,097||Sunk|
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2.
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 14". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IIB boat U-14". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- ubootwaffe.net webpage about U-14[dead link]