German submarine U-14 (1935)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-14.
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-14
Ordered: 2 February 1935
Builder: Deutsche Werke, Kiel
Yard number: 249
Laid down: 6 July 1935
Launched: 28 December 1935
Commissioned: 18 January 1936
Fate: Scuttled on 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: IIB
Type: Coastal submarine
Displacement: 279 t (275 long tons) surfaced
328 t (323 long tons) submerged
Length: 42.70 m (140 ft 1 in)
Beam: 4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)
Draft: 3.90 m (12 ft 10 in)
Propulsion: 2 × propeller shafts
2 × MWM four-stroke diesel engines, 700 shp (520 kW)
2 × Siemens-Schuckert electric motor, 360 shp (270 kW)
Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h) surfaced
7 knots (13 km/h) submerged
Range: 1,800 nautical miles (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
35–43 nmi (65–80 km; 40–49 mi) at 4 knots submerged
Test depth: 80 m (260 ft)
Complement: 3 officers, 22 men
Armament:
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine:
3rd U-boat Flotilla
22nd U-boat Flotilla
24th U-boat Flotilla
Identification codes: M 28 451
Commanders: Victor Oehrn
Horst Wellner
Herbert Wohlfarth
Gerhard Bigalk
Hans Heidtmann
Jürgen Könenkamp
Hubertus Purkhold
Klaus Petersen
Walter Köhntopp
Karl-Hermann Bortfeldt
Hans-Joachim Dierks
Operations: Six
Victories: Nine ships sunk for a total of 12,344 gross register tons (GRT)

German submarine U-14 was a Type IIB U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. It served with 3rd U-boat Flotilla from 18 January 1936 to 31 October 1939. U-14 completed six wartime patrols and sank nine ships totalling 12,344 GRT.

Career[edit]

Early in the war, on 3 September 1939, U-14 attacked a Polish submarine and claimed to have sunk it. In reality the Polish submarine, ORP Sęp, was not damaged as the torpedo launched by U-14 exploded prematurely.[2]

After serving on six operational patrols, U-14 was used as a training boat and transferred to U-boat training flotillas, serving with the 23rd and 24th U-boat Flotillas until the end of the war. Despite the high casualties suffered by the Unterseebootwaffen (German submarine arm), U-14 suffered no known casualties during the war.

U-14 was scuttled on 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
25 January 1940 Biarritz  Norway 1,752 Sunk
15 February 1940 Sliepner  Denmark 1,066 Sunk
16 February 1940 Liana  Sweden 1,646 Sunk
16 February 1940 Osmed  Sweden 1,526 Sunk
16 February 1940 Rhone  Denmark 1,064 Sunk
7 March 1940 Vecht  Netherlands 1,965 Sunk
9 March 1940 Abbotsford  United Kingdom 1,585 Sunk
9 March 1940 Akeld  United Kingdom 643 Sunk
9 March 1940 Borthwick  United Kingdom 1,097 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, p. 67.
  2. ^ "ORP Sęp - Operational History". www.polishnavy.pl. Retrieved 2010-01-09. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-14". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2. 

External links[edit]