German submarine U-165 (1941)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-165.
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-165
Ordered: 25 September 1939
Builder: Deutsche Schiff- und Maschinenbau AG, Bremen
Yard number: 704
Laid down: 30 August 1940
Launched: 15 August 1941
Commissioned: 3 February 1942
Fate: Sunk on 27 September 1942
General characteristics [1]
Type: Type IXC submarine
Displacement: 1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) overall
58.7 m (192 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.76 m (22 ft 2 in) overall
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,000 hp (2,983 kW)
2 × SSW 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 18.3 knots (33.9 km/h) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h) submerged
Range: 13,450 nmi (24,910 km; 15,480 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
64 nmi (119 km; 74 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 48 to 56
Armament:
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine
4th U-boat Flotilla
(3 February–31 August 1942)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1 September–27 September 1942)
Commanders: F.Kapt. Eberhard Hoffmann
(3 February–27 September 1942)
Operations: One patrol
Victories: Two ships sunk for a total of 8,396 gross register tons (GRT)
one auxiliary warship sunk, (358 tons)
three ships damaged, (14,499 tons)
one auxiliary warship damaged, (7,252 tons)

German submarine U-165 was a Type IXC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine built for service during World War II. The keel for this boat was laid down on 30 August 1940 at the Deutsche Schiff- und Maschinenbau AG, Bremen yard as yard number 704. She was launched on 15 August 1941 and commissioned on 3 February 1942 under the command of Fregattenkapitän Eberhard Hoffmann.

The U-boat's service began with training as part of the 4th U-boat Flotilla. She then moved to the 10th flotilla on 1 September 1942 for operations. She sank two ships, totalling 8,396 gross register tons (GRT), one auxiliary warship of 358 tons and damaged three others, for 14,499 tons. She also damaged one auxiliary warship (7,252 tons).

She was sunk by a British aircraft with a Czech crew in September 1942.

Operational career[edit]

Patrol and loss[edit]

The submarine's only patrol took her from Kiel on 7 August 1942, across the North Sea and into the northern Atlantic Ocean via through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands to the Gulf of the St. Lawrence. Her first victims were USS Laramie and Arlyn; both damaged at the northern end of the Belle Isle Strait on 28 August. She went on to attack Aeas on 6 September, HMCS Raccoon on the 7th, Essex Lance on the 16th and Pan York, also on the 16th.

U-165 had almost reached the French Atlantic ports when she was sunk on 27 September 1942 by a Vickers Wellington of 311/Q Squadron, RAF (with a Czech aircrew) just west of the Bay of Biscay.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[2]
28 August 1942 USS Laramie  United States Navy 7,252 Damaged
28 August 1942 Arlyn  United States 3,304 Damaged
6 September 1942 Aeas  Greece 4,729 Sunk
7 September 1942 HMCS Raccoon  Royal Canadian Navy 358 Sunk
16 September 1942 Essex Lance  United Kingdom 6,625 Damaged
16 September 1942 Joanis  Greece 3,667 Sunk
16 September 1942 Pan York  United States 4,750 Damaged

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 105-6.
  2. ^ "Ships hit by U-165". Retrieved 3 October 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°05′N 5°30′W / 47.083°N 5.500°W / 47.083; -5.500