German submarine U-16 (1936)
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||February 2, 1935|
|Builder:||Deutsche Werke, Kiel|
|Laid down:||August 5, 1935|
|Launched:||April 28, 1936|
|Commissioned:||May 16, 1936|
|Fate:||Sunk on October 25, 1939 in the English Channel near Dover. 28 dead|
|Class & type:||Type II U-boat|
3rd U-boat Flotilla
|Identification codes:||M 13 014|
|Victories:||One ship sunk for a total of 3,378 gross register tons (GRT)
One auxiliary warship sunk for a total of 57 GRT
German submarine U-16 was a Type IIB U-boat of the Nazi Kriegsmarine that served during World War II. It was launched on April 28, 1936, under the command of Heinz Beduhn, with a crew of 23. Its last of four commanders was Horst Wellner.
From September 2, 1939, until October 25, 1939, U-16 took part in the laying of mines in open water in and around the English Channel, to hamper allied shipping. On September 28, 1939, U-16 sank the Swedish 3,378 ton Nyland. The 57 ton French Sainte Claire was sunk by one of the mines laid by U-16 on November 21, 1939.
On October 25, 1939, U-16 was transiting the Dover Strait when it was attacked by HMS Puffin and HMS Cayton Wyke. Trying to avoid the depth charges from both ships, U-16 ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, an area that was notorious for both sides. U-16 was lost with all hands; other U-Boats were subsequently obliged to take the significantly longer route north of Scotland to the Western Approaches and the north Atlantic.
- Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed, German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997. pp. 61&62. Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3
- Kemp, pp. 61&62
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