German submarine U-16 (1936)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-16.
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-16
Ordered: February 2, 1935
Builder: Deutsche Werke, Kiel
Yard number: 251
Laid down: August 5, 1935
Launched: April 28, 1936
Commissioned: May 16, 1936
Fate: Sunk on October 25, 1939 in the English Channel near Dover. 28 dead[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: IIB
Type: Coastal submarine
Displacement: 279 t (275 long tons) surfaced
328 t (323 long tons) submerged
Length: 42.70 m (140 ft 1 in)
Beam: 4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)
Draft: 3.90 m (12 ft 10 in)
Propulsion: 2 × propeller shafts
2 × MWM four-stroke diesel engines, 700 shp (520 kW)
2 × Siemens-Schuckert electric motor, 360 shp (270 kW)
Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) surfaced
7 kn (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) submerged
Range: 1,800 nautical miles (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
35–43 nmi (65–80 km; 40–49 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 80 m (260 ft)
Complement: 3 officers, 22 men
Armament:
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine:
3rd U-boat Flotilla
Identification codes: M 13 014
Commanders:
Operations: Three
Victories: 1 merchant ship sunk for a total of 3,378 gross register tons (GRT)
One auxiliary warship sunk for a total of 57 GRT

German submarine U-16 was a Type IIB U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine that served during World War II. It was launched on April 28, 1936, under the command of Heinz Beduhn, with a crew of 23. Its last of four commanders was Horst Wellner.

From 2 September 1939, until 25 October 1939, U-16 took part in the laying of mines in open water in and around the English Channel, to hamper allied shipping. On 28 September 1939, U-16 sank the Swedish 3,378 ton Nyland. The 57 ton French Sainte Claire was sunk by one of the mines laid by U-16 on 21 November 1939.

Fate[edit]

On October 25, 1939, U-16 was transiting the Dover Strait when it was attacked by HMS Puffin and HMS Cayton Wyke. Trying to avoid the depth charges from both ships, U-16 ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, an area that was notorious for both sides. U-16 was lost with all hands; other U-Boats were subsequently obliged to take the significantly longer route north of Scotland to the Western Approaches and the north Atlantic.[1]

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[3]
28 September 1939 Nyland  Sweden 3,378 Sunk
21 November 1939 Ste. Claire  French Navy 57 Mined

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kemp 1999, pp. 61-2.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, p. 67.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-16". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°9′N 1°28′E / 51.150°N 1.467°E / 51.150; 1.467