German submarine U-16 (1936)
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||2 February 1935|
|Builder:||Deutsche Werke, Kiel|
|Laid down:||5 August 1935|
|Launched:||38 April 1936|
|Commissioned:||16 May 1936|
|Fate:||Sunk on 25 October 1939 in the English Channel near Dover. 28 dead|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||IIB|
|Displacement:||279 t (275 long tons) surfaced
328 t (323 long tons) submerged
|Length:||42.70 m (140 ft 1 in)|
|Beam:||4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)|
|Draft:||3.90 m (12 ft 10 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × propeller shafts
2 × MWM four-stroke diesel engines, 700 shp (520 kW)
2 × Siemens-Schuckert electric motor, 360 shp (270 kW)
|Speed:||13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) surfaced
7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) submerged
|Range:||1,800 nautical miles (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
35–43 nmi (65–80 km; 40–49 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||80 m (260 ft)|
|Complement:||3 officers, 22 men|
3rd U-boat Flotilla
|Identification codes:||M 13 014|
|Victories:||1 merchant ship sunk for a total of 3,378 GRT
One auxiliary warship sunk for a total of 57 GRT
German submarine U-16 was a Type IIB U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine that served during World War II. It was launched on 28 April 1936, under the command of Heinz Beduhn, with a crew of 23. Its last of four commanders was Horst Wellner.
From 2 September 1939, until 25 October 1939, U-16 took part in the laying of mines in open water in and around the English Channel, to hamper allied shipping. On 28 September 1939, U-16 sank the Swedish 3,378 ton Nyland. The 57 ton French Sainte Claire was sunk by one of the mines laid by U-16 on 21 November 1939.
On 25 October 1939, U-16 was transiting the Dover Strait when it was attacked by HMS Puffin and HMS Cayton Wyke. Trying to avoid the depth charges from both ships, U-16 ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, an area that was notorious for both sides. U-16 was lost with all hands; other U-Boats were subsequently obliged to take the significantly longer route north of Scotland to the Western Approaches and the north Atlantic.
Summary of raiding career
|28 September 1939||Nyland||Sweden||3,378||Sunk|
|21 November 1939||Ste. Claire||French Navy||57||Mined|
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). Ships hit by U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Kemp, Paul (1999). Ships hit by U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IIB boat U-16". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- ubootwaffe.net webpage about U-16[dead link]
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 16". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2014-12-06.