German submarine U-183

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-183
Ordered: 15 August 1940
Builder: AG Weser, Bremen
Yard number: 1023
Laid down: 28 May 1941
Launched: 9 January 1942
Commissioned: 1 April 1942
Fate: Sunk, 23 April 1945, by a US submarine
General characteristics [1]
Type: Type IXC/40 submarine
Displacement: 1,144 t (1,126 long tons) surfaced
1,257 t (1,237 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in) o/a
58.75 m (192 ft 9 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.86 m (22 ft 6 in) o/a 4.44 m (14 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.67 m (15 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,281 kW)
2 × SSW GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (746 kW)
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range: 13,850 nmi (25,650 km; 15,940 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced
63 nautical miles (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 44 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(April–September 1942)
2nd U-boat Flotilla
(October 1942–September 1944)
33rd U-boat Flotilla
(October 1944–April 1945)
Commanders: Korvkpt. Heinrich Schäfer
(April 1942–November 1943)
Kptlt. Fritz Schneewind
(November 1943–April 1945)
Victories: Four ships totalling 19,260 GRT sunk;
one ship of 6,993 GRT damaged beyond repair

German submarine U-183 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine built during World War II. She was commissioned in April 1942, one of the first IXC/40 boats, somewhat larger and faster than the IXC type. She began her service life in the 4th U-boat Flotilla, a training organization, moving on to the 2nd, then the 33rd Flotilla, both operational or front outfits.

U-183 was in the first wave of "Monsun boats" or Monsun Gruppe, which operated in the Indian Ocean from Japanese bases in the occupied Dutch East Indies and British Malaya, mostly Penang.

Service history[edit]

After serving in the Atlantic, U-183 sailed from France in July 1943, arriving at Penang on 27 October, and operated in the zone for almost two years. She carried out six war patrols, and was sunk on 23 April 1945, days before Germany's surrender, by the American submarine Besugo (SS-321) in the Java Sea. Only one crew member survived.

In November 2013 the wreck of either this submarine or U-168 has been located.[2]

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate
3 December 1942 Empire Dabchick  United Kingdom 6,089 Sunk
11 March 1942 SS Olancho  Honduras 2,493 Sunk
29 February 1944 SS Palma  United Kingdom 5,419 Sunk
9 March 1944 SS British Loyalty  United Kingdom 6,993 Total loss
5 June 1944 SS Helen Moller  United Kingdom 6,089 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Gröner, pp. 105-7.
  2. ^ 11/22/13 10:15am Friday 10:15am (1945-04-23). "Archaeologists Find Sunken Nazi Sub in Indonesia with 17 Skeletons". Io9.com. Retrieved 2013-11-25. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). "Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945". Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 4°49′59″S 112°52′01″E / 4.833°S 112.867°E / -4.833; 112.867