German submarine U-193

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-193
Builder: AG Weser, Bremen
Yard number: Werk 1039
Laid down: 22 December 1941
Launched: 24 August 1942
Commissioned: 10 December 1942
Fate: Missing since 23 April 1944
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type IXC/40 submarine
Displacement: 1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251.8 ft) o/a
58.7 m (192 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.9 m (22 ft 8 in) o/a
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,300 kW)
2 × SSW 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (740 kW)
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range: 25,620 nmi (47,450 km; 29,480 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
117 nautical miles (217 km; 135 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 48 to 56
Armament:
Service record
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(December 1942–April 1943)
2nd U-boat Flotilla
(May 1943 –March 1944)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(April 1944)
Commanders: Kptlt. Hans Pauckstadt
(December 1942–April 1944)
Kptlt. Dr. Ulrich Abel
(April 1944)
Operations: 1st patrol:
11 May–23 July 1943
2nd patrol:
12 October 1943–9 February 1944
3rd patrol:
19–25 February 1944[2]
4th patrol:
23–28 April 1944
Victories: One commercial vessel (10,172 GRT)

German submarine U-193 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine built during World War II for service in the Atlantic Ocean. The submarine was laid down on 22 December 1941 at the AG Weser yard in Bremen as yard number 1039. She was launched on 24 August 1942 and commissioned on 10 December under the command of Korvettenkapitän Hans Paukstadt.

She was a member of two wolfpacks and carried out four war patrols in which she sank one ship, before being lost herself in the Bay of Biscay in April 1944.

Operational history[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

The boat's first patrol was preceded by a short trip from Kiel in Germany to Bergen in Norway in May 1943. She then left the Nordic port on 22 May, heading west. She negotiated the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands and entered the Atlantic Ocean.

She did not encounter any Allied shipping, and failed to find her first victory. An unidentified aircraft attacked U-193 south of the Canary Islands on 6 July, wounding two men and destroying the Metox radar detection equipment.

The submarine entered Bordeaux in occupied France, on 23 July.

2nd and 3rd patrols[edit]

U-193 '​s second foray began with her departure from La Pallice, (she had moved there in September), on 12 October 1943. Moving to the Gulf of Mexico, she sank the independently sailing 10,000 ton American oil tanker TS Touchet west of Florida[3] with the loss of ten of her crew. The remainder of the patrol was a failure however, as a combination of dud torpedoes, well-organized convoys and effective counter-measures combined to prevent the boat gaining a single hit.
As the second patrol came to an end in February 1944 after five frustrating months at sea, U-193 caused an international incident following an attack by Allied aircraft and convoy escorts off the Spanish coast. In her desperate attempts to escape, she dived straight into the seabed, causing serious damage to the boat. Knowing a journey to a German-held port was now impossible, her captain, Hans Pauckstadt, decided to intern his boat in Ferrol, Spain. Under international law, if U-193 remained in the neutral harbour for more than 24 hours, then the Spanish authorities were obliged to detain the submarine for the remainder of hostilities. This did not occur, U-193 stayed in Ferrol for ten days whilst Spanish workmen performed superficial repairs to the U-boat.
U-193 then left the port despite Allied protests and returned to La Pallice in France, where more extensive repairs were completed and Paukstadt was replaced by Kptlt. Dr. Ulrich Abel. Abel had served as Watch Officer on U-154 under the command of de:Oskar Kusch. Abel denounced Kusch, which led to Kusch's court martial and execution for defeatism. This six-day passage is often listed as U-193 '​s 'third' patrol, although there was no intention of operating against Allied shipping.

4th patrol[edit]

Following repairs, U-193 departed on her fourth and final patrol and was never heard from again. Her loss remains a mystery. A post-war assessment states that on the 28 April 1944, she was seen and attacked by a British Royal Air Force Vickers Wellington bomber of No. 612 Squadron RAF,[4] whose depth charges sank the boat with all 59 hands not far from Nantes. This attack was actually against U-802, inflicting no damage.[5]

Raiding career[edit]

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate
3 December 1943 TS Touchet  United States 10,172 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 105-7.
  2. ^ This was the brief passage from Ferrol to Lorient.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Touchet". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. 
  4. ^ Kemp 1999, pp. 185-186.
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXC/40 boat U-193". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815–1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1997). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXC/40 boat U-193". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 193". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 7 December 2014. 

Coordinates: 45°38′N 9°43′W / 45.633°N 9.717°W / 45.633; -9.717