German submarine U-194

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-194
Builder: AG Weser, Bremen
Yard number: Werk 1040
Laid down: 17 January 1942
Launched: 22 September 1942
Commissioned: 8 January 1943
Fate: Sunk, 24 June 1943
General characteristics [1]
Type: Type IXC/40 submarine
Displacement: 1,120 t (1,100 long tons) surfaced
1,232 t (1,213 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.76 m (251.8 ft) overall
58.7 m (192 ft 7 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.9 m (22 ft 8 in) overall
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.7 m (15 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged 9-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 hp (3,300 kW)
2 × SSW 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 hp (740 kW)
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph) surfaced
7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph) submerged
Range: 25,620 nmi (47,450 km; 29,480 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
117 nautical miles (217 km; 135 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Complement: 48 to 56
Armament:
Service record
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(8 January 1943–31 May 1943)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(1 June 1943–24 June 1943)
10th U-boat Flotilla
(April 1944)
Commanders: Kptlt. Hermann Hesse
(8 January 1943–24 June 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol: 12 June–24 June 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-194 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine built during World War II for service in the Atlantic Ocean. She was a short-lived vessel, being sunk on her first and only operational war patrol. Completed in 1942 at Bremen, U-194 was a U-boat with a very long cruising ability and six torpedo (four forward and two aft) tubes supplied by 22 torpedoes.

Loss[edit]

Twelve days into her first and only patrol, U-194 was attacked and sunk by a homing torpedo from an American Consolidated PBY Catalina aircraft of No. 84 Squadron RAF in position 59°00′N 26°18′W / 59.000°N 26.300°W / 59.000; -26.300. All 54 men aboard were lost. An initial post-war assessment gave credit for sinking U-194 to a British Consolidated B-24 Liberator aircraft of No. 120 Squadron RAF squadron, however this attack actually resulted in the sinking of U-200.

The U-194 commander, Kapitänleutnant Hermann Hesse also commanded the U-133 in 1941 and 1942.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 105-7.
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Morgan, Daniel; Taylor, Bruce (2012). HMS Gurka. UBoat Attack Logs: A Complete Record of Warship Sinkings from Original Sources, 1939-1945 (United States: Naval Institute Press). ISBN 184832118X. 

External links[edit]