German submarine U-199
|Ordered:||4 November 1940|
|Builder:||AG Weser, Bremen|
|Laid down:||10 October 1941|
|Launched:||11 July 1942|
|Commissioned:||28 November 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk, 31 July 1943 by US and Brazilian aircraft|
|Type:||Type IXD2 submarine|
|Displacement:||Surfaced: 1616 tons
Submerged: 1804 tons
|Length:||Overall: 87.60 m (287.4 ft)
Pressure hull: 68.50 m (224.7 ft)
|Beam:||Overall: 7.50 m (24.6 ft)
Pressure hull: 4.40 m (14.4 ft)
|Draught:||5.40 m (17.7 ft)|
|Propulsion:||Surfaced: 5,400 hp
Submerged: 1,100 hp
|Speed:||Surfaced: 19.2 kn (35.6 km/h; 22.1 mph)
Submerged: 6.9 kn (12.8 km/h; 7.9 mph)
|Range:||Surfaced: 31,500 mi (50,700 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Submerged: 57 mi (92 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph)
|Test depth:||Calculated crush depth: 230 m (750 ft)|
|Part of:||4th U-boat Flotilla
(28 November 1942–30 April 1943)
12th U-boat Flotilla
(1 May–31 July 1943)
|Commanders:||Kptlt. Hans-Werner Kraus
(28 November 1942–31 July 1943)
|Operations:||13 May–31 July 1943|
|Victories:||Two commercial ships sunk (4,181 GRT)|
German submarine U-199 was a Type IXD2 U-boat of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine during World War II.
The submarine was laid down on 10 October 1941 at the AG Weser yard at Bremen as 'werk' 1045, launched on 11 July 1942 and commissioned on 28 November. She was commanded by Ritterkreuz recipient Kapitänleutnant Hans-Werner Kraus, who had previously successfully commanded U-47 and U-83.
She was sunk off the Brazilian coast in 1943 by a combination of attacks by Brazilian and American aircraft.
Operational history 
U-199 sailed from Kiel on 13 May 1943 on her first and only operational patrol;she negotiated the 'gap' between Iceland and the Faroe Islands, before heading south and had crossed the Equator by 17 June, targeting ships in the South Atlantic Ocean. Operating off the Brazilian coast, she torpedoed and damaged the Brazilian armed merchant ship Bury, which returned fire and managed to escape. On 4 July, the submarine was spotted on the surface by the small fishing boat Changri-Lá. The Brazilian boat was sunk with the loss of all hands by gun fire. U-199 had her first and only significant success, sinking the British merchant ship Henzada on 25 July.
U-199 was found on the surface, off Rio de Janeiro, in position Coordinates: , by three aircraft, a PBY Catalina and a Lockheed Hudson (both Brazilian) and an American PBM Mariner on 31 July. The Catalina, codenamed Ärará, hit U-199 with depth charges, sinking her. The pilot of the Catalina was 2º Ten.-Av. (2nd Lt.) Alberto M. Torres. Forty-nine of the crew were killed, although twelve Germans managed to escape the doomed submarine, including the captain. This was possible due to the actions of the Catalina’s crew, who threw a lifeboat to the survivors. They were rescued by the USS Barnegat and taken to Brazil, and then on to captivity in the United States.
Summary of raiding history 
|4 July 1943||Changri-Lá||Brazil||20||Sunk|
|24 July 1943||Henzada||United Kingdom||4,161||Sunk|
- "The Type IXD2 boat U-199 — German U-boats of WWII". UBoat.net. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
- "War Patrols by German U-boat U-199". UBoat.net. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
- "Patrol of U-boat U-199 from 13 May 1943 to 31 Jul 1943 — U-boat patrols". U-boat.net. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
- "Changri-Lá (Sailing ship) - Ships hit by U-boats". U-boat.net. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
- "Henzada (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats". U-boat.net. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
- Morison, Samuel Eliot (March 2001). History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol.10: The Atlantic Battle Won. Castle Books. p. 219. ISBN 0-7858-1311-X.
- U-199, U-boat.net.
See also