German submarine U-19 (1935)
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||2 February 1935|
|Laid down:||20 July 1935|
|Launched:||21 December 1935|
|Commissioned:||16 January 1936|
|Fate:||Scuttled on 11 September 1944 off the coast of Turkey in the Black Sea|
|Displacement:||279 Tons surfaced
Submerged 329 Tons submerged
|Length:||42.7 m (140 ft)|
|Beam:||4.1 m (13 ft)|
|Speed:||13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) surfaced
7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) submerged
|Endurance:||Surfaced 1,800 Miles at 12 Knots
Submerged 43 Miles at 4 Knots
|Armament:||Three fore torpedo tubes with 6 × 21 inch Torpedos and 1 × 20mm AA gun on fore-deck|
1st U-boat Flotilla
22nd U-boat Flotilla
24th U-boat Flotilla
30th U-boat Flotilla
|Identification codes:||M 23 036|
25 August–15 September 1939
27 September–1 October 1939
14–18 October 1939
14–20 November 1939
5th patrol:4–12 January 1940
18–28 January 1940
14–26 February 1940
14–23 March 1940
3–23 April 1940
21January–19 February 1943
17–30 March 1943
12th patrol:14 April–4 May 1943
a. 10–11 June 1943
b. 16 June–7 July 1943
c. 8–10 July 1943
a. 25 July–16 August 1943
b. 18–24 August 1943
11 November–2 December 1943
22 December 1943–19 January 1944
10 February–7 March 1944
10 April–6 May 1944
6–8 June 1944
a. 25 August–7 September 1944
b. 7–10 September 1944
|Victories:||14 ships sunk for a total of 35,430 gross register tons (GRT)
one warship sunk of 441 tons
German submarine U-19 was a Type IIB U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. Her keel was laid down on 20 July 1935, at the Germaniawerft of Kiel. She was launched on 21 December 1935, and commissioned on 16 January 1936, under the command of Kapitänleutnant Viktor Schütze.
U-19 conducted 20 patrols, sinking 15 ships totalling 35,871 tons. On 1 May 1940, U-19 was withdrawn from combat duty and used for training and as a school boat. She returned to active duty in the 30th U-boat Flotilla on 1 May 1942, after having been transported overland and along the Danube to the Black Sea.
1st, 2nd and 3rd patrols
U-19's first three patrols involved voyages between Wilhelmshaven and Kiel via the North Sea. She also carried out a series of short journeys, one of which took her to the English east coast near The Wash.
4th and 5th patrols
U-19 departed Wilhelmshaven on 4 January 1940. On the 9th, she sank the Manx north of Kinnaird Head, near Fraserburgh in Scotland. She docked in Kiel on the 12th.
A steady stream of sinkings followed, including the Charkow on 19 March 1940 and the Bothal on the 20th.
She departed the Rumanian port of Konstanza (where she was to be based for the rest of her career), on 21 January 1943. She was attacked by four unidentified aircraft off Gelendzhik on 13 February; damage was minimal.
11th and 12th patrols
This foray was cut short on 27 March 1943 because of problems with the starboard engine.
This sortie was officially divided into three parts. Having left Konstanza on 10 June 1943, she returned on the 11th due to a defective exhaust valve, having first re-fuelled at Feodosia[disambiguation needed].
Part two was the longest, starting from Konstanza on 16 June and finishing in Feodosia on 7 July.
The third portion was little more than a movement exercise from Feodosia to Konstanza which only lasted two days.
Patrol number fourteen was also divided. The first segment was marred when a second sick crew member was transferred to German submarine U-20 (1936). U-19 put-in to Feodosia to re-supply.
The second part involved the boat as part of a patrol line, along with U-23 and U-24. This activity was cut short for U-19 because of problems with the periscope.
These sorties covered most of the Black Sea but were relatively uneventful.
U-19 departed Konstanza on 25 August 1944. She sank the Soviet minesweeper BTSC-410 Vzrv (No 25) on 2 September. The communist regime cited this incident as the reason that the Rumanian fleet was seized. The commander was wounded in an accident on the 7th. The First Watch Officer (1WO) took over.
On 3 February 2008, The Daily Telegraph newspaper reported that U-20 and U-23 had been discovered by Selçuk Kolay, a Turkish marine engineer. He thinks he is also close to pinpointing U-19, thought to lie more than 1,000 feet (300 m) down, three miles from the Turkish city of Zonguldak.
Summary of Raiding Career
|21 October 1939||Capitaine Edmond Laborie||France||3,087||Sunk (mine)|
|21 October 1939||Deodata||Norway||3,295||Sunk (mine)|
|24 October 1939||Konstantinos Hadjiperas||Greece||5,962||Sunk (mine)|
|18 November 1939||Carica Milica||Yugoslavia||6,371||Sunk (mine)|
|9 January 1940||Manx||Norway||1,343||Sunk|
|23 January 1940||Battanglia||United Kingdom||1,523||Sunk|
|23 January 1940||Pluto||Denmark||1,598||Sunk|
|25 January 1940||Everene||Denmark||4,434||Sunk|
|25 January 1940||Gudveig||Denmark||1,300||Sunk|
|19 March 1940||Charkow||Denmark||1,026||Sunk|
|19 March 1940||Minsk||Denmark||1,229||Sunk|
|20 March 1940||Bothal||Denmark||2,109||Sunk|
|20 March 1940||Viking||Denmark||1,153||Sunk|
|27 June 1944||Barzha||Soviet Union||1,000||Sunk|
|2 September 1944||BTSC-410 Vzrv (No 25)||Soviet Union||441||Sunk|
- Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed, German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997. p. 217. Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3
- The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 21
- The Times Atlas of the World, p.21
- Kemp, p. 217.
- Adolf Hitler's "Lost fleet" found in Black Sea, The Telegraph, Retrieved 2010-12-27
- "U-19". uboat.net. Retrieved 2007-02-27.
- "U-19". U-Boat Operations. Kriegsmarine and U-Boat history, ubootwaffe.net. Retrieved 2007-02-27.[dead link]
- "U-19". u-boot-archiv.de. Kriegsmarine and U-Boat history, u-boot-archiv.de. Retrieved 2007-02-27.