German submarine U-19 (1935)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-19.
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-19
Ordered: 2 February 1935
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 549
Laid down: 20 July 1935
Launched: 21 December 1935
Commissioned: 16 January 1936
Fate: Scuttled on 11 September 1944 off the coast of Turkey in the Black Sea[1]
General characteristics
Type: IIB
Displacement: 279 Tons surfaced
Submerged 329 Tons submerged
Length: 42.7 m (140 ft)
Beam: 4.1 m (13 ft)
Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) surfaced
7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) submerged
Endurance: Surfaced 1,800 Miles at 12 Knots
Submerged 43 Miles at 4 Knots
Crew: 25
Armament: Three fore torpedo tubes with 6 × 21 inch Torpedos and 1 × 20mm AA gun on fore-deck
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine:
1st U-boat Flotilla
22nd U-boat Flotilla
24th U-boat Flotilla
30th U-boat Flotilla
Identification codes: M 23 036
Commanders: Viktor Schütze
Hans Meckel
Wilhelm Müller-Arnecke
Joachim Schepke
Wilfried Prellberg
Peter Lohmeyer
Wolfgang Kaufmann
Rudolf Schendel
Gerhard Litterscheid
Hans-Ludwig Gaude
Willy Ohlenburg
Hubert Verpoorten
Operations: 20;
1st patrol:
25 August–15 September 1939
2nd patrol:
27 September–1 October 1939
3rd patrol:
14–18 October 1939
4th patrol:
14–20 November 1939
5th patrol:4–12 January 1940
6th patrol:
18–28 January 1940
7th patrol:
14–26 February 1940
8th patrol:
14–23 March 1940
9th patrol:
3–23 April 1940
10th patrol:
21January–19 February 1943
11th patrol:
17–30 March 1943
12th patrol:14 April–4 May 1943
13th patrol:
a. 10–11 June 1943
b. 16 June–7 July 1943
c. 8–10 July 1943
14th patrol:
a. 25 July–16 August 1943
b. 18–24 August 1943
15th patrol:
11 November–2 December 1943
16th patrol:
22 December 1943–19 January 1944
17th patrol:
10 February–7 March 1944
18th patrol:
10 April–6 May 1944
19th patrol:
6–8 June 1944
20th patrol:
a. 25 August–7 September 1944
b. 7–10 September 1944
Victories: 14 ships sunk for a total of 35,430 gross register tons (GRT)
one warship sunk of 441 tons

German submarine U-19 was a Type IIB U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. Her keel was laid down on 20 July 1935, at the Germaniawerft of Kiel. She was launched on 21 December 1935, and commissioned on 16 January 1936, under the command of Kapitänleutnant Viktor Schütze.

U-19 conducted 20 patrols, sinking 15 ships totalling 35,871 tons. On 1 May 1940, U-19 was withdrawn from combat duty and used for training and as a school boat. She returned to active duty in the 30th U-boat Flotilla on 1 May 1942, after having been transported overland and along the Danube to the Black Sea.

Operational history[edit]

1st, 2nd and 3rd patrols[edit]

U-19's first three patrols involved voyages between Wilhelmshaven and Kiel via the North Sea. She also carried out a series of short journeys, one of which took her to the English east coast near The Wash.

4th and 5th patrols[edit]

The boat sank the Carica Milica with a mine 3.5 nmi (6.5 km) off the Shipwash Lightship, (southeast of Aldeburgh) on 18 November 1939.

U-19 departed Wilhelmshaven on 4 January 1940. On the 9th, she sank the Manx north of Kinnaird Head, near Fraserburgh in Scotland. She docked in Kiel on the 12th.

6th-9th patrols[edit]

More success came when the submarine sank the Battanglia on 23 January 1940 southeast of Farne Island and the Gudveig 4.5 nmi (8.3 km) east of the Longstone Light vessel (north of Newcastle).

A steady stream of sinkings followed, including the Charkow on 19 March 1940 and the Bothal on the 20th.

The boat then moved to the Black Sea overland and along the Danube river.

10th patrol[edit]

She departed the Rumanian port of Konstanza[2] (where she was to be based for the rest of her career), on 21 January 1943. She was attacked by four unidentified aircraft off Gelendzhik on 13 February; damage was minimal.

11th and 12th patrols[edit]

This foray was cut short on 27 March 1943 because of problems with the starboard engine.

A crewman fell sick between Tuapse and Poti. He was transferred to the schnell-boot S-51 off Novorossiysk on 28 April 1943.[3]

13th patrol[edit]

This sortie was officially divided into three parts. Having left Konstanza on 10 June 1943, she returned on the 11th due to a defective exhaust valve, having first re-fuelled at Feodosia[disambiguation needed].
Part two was the longest, starting from Konstanza on 16 June and finishing in Feodosia on 7 July.
The third portion was little more than a movement exercise from Feodosia to Konstanza which only lasted two days.

14th patrol[edit]

Patrol number fourteen was also divided. The first segment was marred when a second sick crew member was transferred to German submarine U-20 (1936). U-19 put-in to Feodosia to re-supply.
The second part involved the boat as part of a patrol line, along with U-23 and U-24. This activity was cut short for U-19 because of problems with the periscope.

15th-19th patrols[edit]

These sorties covered most of the Black Sea but were relatively uneventful.

20th patrol[edit]

U-19 departed Konstanza on 25 August 1944. She sank the Soviet minesweeper BTSC-410 Vzrv (No 25) on 2 September. The communist regime cited this incident as the reason that the Rumanian fleet was seized. The commander was wounded in an accident on the 7th. The First Watch Officer (1WO) took over.

Fate[edit]

The boat was scuttled in the Black Sea off the coast of Turkey on 10 September 1944.[4] U-19 suffered no casualties to any of her crew.

On 3 February 2008, The Daily Telegraph newspaper reported that U-20 and U-23 had been discovered by Selçuk Kolay, a Turkish marine engineer. He thinks he is also close to pinpointing U-19, thought to lie more than 1,000 feet (300 m) down, three miles from the Turkish city of Zonguldak.[5]

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[6]
21 October 1939 Capitaine Edmond Laborie  France 3,087 Sunk (mine)
21 October 1939 Deodata  Norway 3,295 Sunk (mine)
24 October 1939 Konstantinos Hadjiperas  Greece 5,962 Sunk (mine)
18 November 1939 Carica Milica  Yugoslavia 6,371 Sunk (mine)
9 January 1940 Manx  Norway 1,343 Sunk
23 January 1940 Battanglia  United Kingdom 1,523 Sunk
23 January 1940 Pluto  Denmark 1,598 Sunk
25 January 1940 Everene  Denmark 4,434 Sunk
25 January 1940 Gudveig  Denmark 1,300 Sunk
19 March 1940 Charkow  Denmark 1,026 Sunk
19 March 1940 Minsk  Denmark 1,229 Sunk
20 March 1940 Bothal  Denmark 2,109 Sunk
20 March 1940 Viking  Denmark 1,153 Sunk
27 June 1944 Barzha  Soviet Union 1,000 Sunk
2 September 1944 BTSC-410 Vzrv (No 25)  Soviet Union 441 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed, German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997. p. 217. Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3
  2. ^ The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 21
  3. ^ The Times Atlas of the World, p.21
  4. ^ Kemp, p. 217.
  5. ^ Adolf Hitler's "Lost fleet" found in Black Sea, The Telegraph, Retrieved 2010-12-27
  6. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u19/html

External links[edit]

  • "U-19". uboat.net. Retrieved 2007-02-27. 
  • "U-19". U-Boat Operations. Kriegsmarine and U-Boat history, ubootwaffe.net. Retrieved 2007-02-27. [dead link]
  • "U-19". u-boot-archiv.de. Kriegsmarine and U-Boat history, u-boot-archiv.de. Retrieved 2007-02-27. 

See also[edit]



Coordinates: 41°34′N 31°50′E / 41.567°N 31.833°E / 41.567; 31.833