German submarine U-200

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U-200 Luftangriff.jpg
U-200 under attack on 24 June 1943 southwest of Iceland
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-200
Ordered: 4 November 1940
Builder: AG Weser, Bremen
Yard number: 1046
Laid down: 3 November 1941
Launched: 10 August 1942
Commissioned: 22 December 1942
Fate: Sunk, 24 June 1943 by a British aircraft southwest of Iceland
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Type IXD2 submarine
Displacement: 1,616 t (1,590 long tons) surfaced
1,804 t (1,776 long tons) submerged
Length: 87.60 m (287.4 ft) o/a
68.50 m (224.7 ft) pressure hull
Beam: 7.50 m (24.6 ft) o/a
4.40 m (14.4 ft) pressure hull
Draught: 5.40 m (17.7 ft)
Propulsion: surfaced 5,400 hp
submerged 1,100 hp
Speed: surfaced 19.2 kn (35.6 km/h; 22.1 mph)
submerged 6.9 kn (12.8 km/h; 7.9 mph)
Range: surfaced 31,500 nmi (58,300 km; 36,200 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)
submerged 57 nmi (106 km; 66 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph)
Test depth: Calculated crush depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(22 December 1942–31 May 1943)
12th U-boat Flotilla
(1–24 June 1943)
Commanders: K.Kapt. Heinrich Schonder
(22 December 1942–24 June 1943)
Operations: 12–24 June 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-200 was a Type IXD2 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 3 November 1941 at the AG Weser yard at Bremen as yard number 1046, launched on 10 August 1942 and commissioned on 22 December 1942 under the command of Korvettenkapitän Heinrich Schonder. After training with the 4th U-boat Flotilla at Stettin, the boat was transferred to the 12th U-boat Flotilla for front-line service from 1 June 1943.[2]

She was sunk southwest of Iceland by depth charges from a British aircraft.

Service History[edit]

U-200 '​s first and only operational war patrol began on 12 June 1943. The new submarine departed Kiel and sailed north of the British Isles, through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands and into the Atlantic Ocean. On 24 June 1943 the U-boat was located by the RAF and sunk with all hands in position 58°15′N 25°25′W / 58.250°N 25.417°W / 58.250; -25.417 by depth charges from a British Consolidated B-24 Liberator of 120 Squadron. This was initially reported to be an attack on U-194 which was sunk on the same day, but that submarine was sunk by aircraft of a different unit.

All 68 souls aboard U-200, including seven members of the German 'Brandenburg' special forces, were lost.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 105-7.
  2. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXD2 boat U-200". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-200". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXD boat U-200". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 200". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  • U-200, U-bootwaffe [dead link]