German submarine U-202
|Laid down:||18 March 1940|
|Launched:||10 February 1941|
|Commissioned:||22 March 1941|
|Fate:||Sunk by depth charges, 2 June 1943 from a British warship|
|Type:||Type VIIC submarine|
|Displacement:||769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
|Length:||67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Draft:||4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × AEG electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
|Speed:||17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
|Range:||8,500 nmi (15,700 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 km (43 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
|Complement:||44–52 officers and ratings|
|Armament:||• 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
• 14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
• 1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
• Various AA guns
|Part of:||1st U-boat Flotilla, Training
(22 March–1 June 1941)
1st U-boat Flotilla, Front (Operational) Boat
(1 June 1941–17 February 1943)
|Commanders:||Kptlt. Hans-Heinz Linder,
(22 March 1941—1 September 1942)
Kptlt. Günter Poser
(2 September 1942—2 June 1943)
17 June–23 July 1941
11 August–17 September 1941
16 October–13 November 1941
13–27 December 1941
1 March–26 April 1942
27 Mary–25 July 1942
6 September–25 October 1942
12 January–26 March 1942
29 April–2 June 1943
|Victories:||Nine commercial ships sunk (GRT)
Four commercials ships damaged (35,427 GRT)
German submarine U-202 was a Type VIIC U-boat of the Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 18 March 1940 by the Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft yard at Kiel as 'werk' 631, launched on 10 February 1941, and commissioned on 22 March under the command of Kapitänleutnant Hans-Heinz Linder.
She sank nine ships totalling 34,615 GRT and damaged four more totalling 35,427 GRT.
1st, 2nd and 3rd patrols
Her third patrol, beginning on 16 October, which was also successful, saw the destruction of the British-registered Flynderborg and the Gretavale northeast of Newfoundland. She returned to her French base on 13 November, after a voyage of 29 days.
4th, 5th and 6th patrols
The submarine's fourth sortie was towards the Moroccan coast. U-202 left Brest on 13 December 1941. She returned empty-handed on 27 December.
Her fifth patrol produced better results, damaging the British ships Athelviscount about 600 nmi (1,100 km) east southeast of Halifax on 22 March 1942 and sinking the Loch Don about 500 nmi (930 km) north northeast of Bermuda on 1 April. This patrol was from 1 March to 26 April, a total of 57 days.
Her sixth foray, commencing on 27 May, was also successful. On 12 June she landed four saboteurs at Amagansett, New York, on Long Island, as part of Operation Pastorius. The Argentinian Rio Tercero went to the bottom about 120 nmi (220 km) off New York on 22 June, followed by the American City of Birmingham about 250 nmi (460 km) east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina on 1 July. The U-boat reached Brest on 25 July, after 60 days.
7th, 8th and 9th patrols
The boat's seventh patrol took in the northern coast of South America, leaving Brest on 6 September 1942. Things did not go well; U-202 was attacked by British aircraft on 8 September while still in the Bay of Biscay and again on 29 September southeast of Trinidad. Although damaged, the U-boat continued her patrol, sinking two ships before returning to base on 25 October.
She sank one ship and damaged three others after commencing her eighth patrol on 12 January 1943. She was attacked south of the Azores on 23 February. The U-boat returned to Brest on 26 March after 74 days away.
Her ninth and final sortie began on 29 April 1943 and came to an end when she was sunk on 2 June 1943.
U-202 was detected by 'HF/DF' (radio detection equipment) of ships in the Second Support Group (headed by the British sloop HMS Starling commanded by Captain FJ Walker RN), when she transmitted a daily report. On closing the range, the surface ships found the U-boat with ASDIC (sonar) and attacked. Despite much evasive action, the submarine could not shake off her pursuers. After many hours, U-202 was forced to the surface where she was engaged by Starling's guns. A volley of depth charges followed which seemed to lift the U-boat out of the water before she sank.
Summary of raiding career
|Date||Ship Name||Nationality||Tonnage (GRT)||Fate|
|27 August 1941||Ladylove||Great Britain||230||Sunk|
|11 September 1941||Scania||Sweden||1,999||Sunk|
|3 November 1941||Flynderborg||Great Britain||2,022||Sunk|
|3 November 1941||Gretavale||Great Britain||4,586||Sunk|
|22 March 1942||Athelviscount||Great Britain||8,882||Damaged|
|1 April 1942||Loch Don||Great Britain||5,249||Sunk|
|22 June 1942||Rio Tercero||Argentina||4,864||Sunk|
|1 July 1942||City of Birmingham||United States||5,861||Sunk|
|1 October 1942||Achilles||Netherlands||1,815||Sunk|
|23 February 1943||British Fortitude||Great Britain||8,482||Damaged|
|23 February 1943||Empire Norseman||Great Britain||9,811||Damaged|
|23 February 1943||Esso Baton Rouge||United States||7,989||Sunk|
|23 February 1943||Murena||Netherlands||8,252||Damaged|
Portrayal in media
At least three books have been written about the 1942 raid, the 1959 book Eight Spies against America by John Dasch, the 1961 book They Came to Kill by Eugene Rachlis, and the 2004 book "Saboteurs:The Nazi Raid on America," by Michael Dobbs.
- "The Type VIIC boat U-202 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- "War Patrols by German U-boat U-202 - Boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1999, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 122.
- http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u.202/html%7Caccess date 1 February 2013
- Zeiler, Thomas. A Companion to World War II. Wiley. p. 485. ISBN 1118325044.
- "Review: They Came to Kill". Kirkus Reviews. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- Dobbs, Michael (2005). Saboteurs : the Nazi raid on America (1st Vintage Books ed. ed.). New York: Random House. ISBN 1400030420.
- U-202 at u-boot-archiv.de (German)