German submarine U-212

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Career
Name: U-212
Ordered: 16 October 1939[1]
Builder: Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel[1]
Yard number: 641[1]
Laid down: 17 May 1941[1]
Launched: 11 March 1942[1]
Commissioned: 25 April 1942[1]
Fate: Sunk by British warships on 21 July 1944[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power: Diesels: 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW)
Electric motors: 750 shp (560 kW)
Propulsion: 2 ×  supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines
2 ×  electric motors
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 ×  53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 ×  G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 ×  8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun
AA guns (2 cm FlaK 30)

German submarine U-212 was a Type VIIC U-boat that served with the Kriegsmarine during World War II. Laid down on 17 May 1941 as 'werk' 641 at F. Krupp Germaniawerft in Kiel, she was launched on 11 March 1942 and commissioned on 25 April under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Helmut Vogler.

She began her service career in training with the 8th U-boat Flotilla. She was transferred to the 11th flotilla on 1 October 1942, the 13th flotilla on 1 June 1943 and the 3rd flotilla on 1 November.

She was a member of 13 wolf packs. She carried out fifteen patrols, but sank only one ship.

She was sunk by British warships in July 1944.

Service history[edit]

1st to 6th patrols[edit]

Her first six patrols were of little interest; being confined to the waters of the north: around Iceland, Greenland, Bear Island and Jan Mayen Island. In that time (September 1942–July 1943), she was based at Narvik, Bergen and Hammerfest in Norway.

7th patrol[edit]

It was during this sortie that the boat could claim her only victim; the Soviet Majakovski, sunk by a mine on 5 August 1943, laid by U-212 on 31 July.

8th patrol[edit]

The submarine departed Bergen and Norwegian waters, on 11 October 1943. Passing through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands, she headed for Newfoundland, docking at La Pallice / La Rochelle in occupied France, on 2 December.

9th patrol[edit]

Patrol number nine was U-212's longest, at 63 days.

She was strafed by an unidentified Leigh Light - equipped aircraft on 14 January 1944. The 37mm AA gun malfunctioned after just one round was fired and the barrel of a 20mm weapon burst. No damage was inflicted by the air attack on the outbound U-boat.

On 25 February 1944, she met U-549 to transfer some radar detection equipment. Both submarines were caught on the surface by an unidentified Catalina flying boat. U-549 dived immediately, but U-212 chose to put up some resistance before joining her sister. The boat was not damaged.

She was also unsuccessfully attacked by an unidentified B-24 Liberator on 8 March while inbound.

10th patrol[edit]

If her ninth foray was her longest, her tenth and thirteenth outings were the shortest - three days each. They both started and finished in La Pallice.

11th patrol[edit]

This mission was also cut short; while sailing to interfere with the D-Day landings, the boat was attacked by two 57mm Tsetse cannon-firing Mosquitoes of No. 228 Squadron RAF. U-212 returned to base for repairs on 9 June 1944.

12th, 13th and 14th patrols[edit]

The boat did not get out of the Bay of Biscay, moving to Brest at the end of her fourteenth effort.

15th patrol and loss[edit]

She left France for the last time on 5 July 1944. She was sunk south of Brighton in the English Channel on 21 July by depth charges dropped from the British frigates HMS Curzon and Ekins.

Forty-nine men died; there were no survivors.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[2]
5 August 1943 Majakovski  Soviet Union 80 Sunk

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g "U-212". Uboat.net. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  2. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/successes/u212/html
Further reading
  • Bishop, C., Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45, Amber Books. 2006.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°27′N 0°13′W / 50.450°N 0.217°W / 50.450; -0.217