German submarine U-215

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-215
Ordered: 16 February 1940
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: 647
Laid down: 15 November 1940
Launched: 9 October 1941
Commissioned: 22 November 1941
Fate: Sunk, 3 July 1942, by British warship HMS Le Tiger
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIID submarine[1]
Displacement: 965 tonnes (950 long tons) surfaced
1,080 t (1,060 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.9 m (252 ft 4 in) o/a
59.8 m (196 ft 2 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.38 m (20 ft 11 in) o/a<
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 5 m (16 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged GW, 6-cylinder, 4-stroke F46 diesel engines totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × AEG GU 460/8-276 electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW). Max rpm: 285
Speed: 16.7 knots (30.9 km/h; 19.2 mph) surfaced
7.9 knots (14.6 km/h; 9.1 mph) submerged
Range: 11,200 nmi (20,700 km; 12,900 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
69 km (37 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 200 m (660 ft)
Crush depth: 220–240 m (720–790 ft)
Crew: 4 officers, 40 enlisted
Armament:
  • 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
  • 14 × torpedoes or 26 × TMA or 39 × TMB tube-launched mines
  • 5 × vertical launchers with 15 SMA mines
  • 1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
  • 2 × 20 mm AA (4,380 rounds)
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(22 November 1941–30 June 1942)
9th U-boat Flotilla
(1–3 July 1942)
Commanders: K.Kapt. Fritz Hoeckner
(22 November 1941–3 July 1942)
Operations: One patrol:
9 June 1942–3 July 1942
Victories: One commercial ship sunk (7,191 GRT)

German submarine U-215 was a Type VIID mine-laying U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was one of six U-boats of her kind, equipped with special vertical tubes that launched the mines.[4] Its keel was laid down 15 November 1940 by Germaniawerft in Kiel as yard number 647. It was launched on 9 October 1941 and commissioned on 22 November with Kapitänleutnant Fritz Hoeckner in command.

Service history[edit]

U-215 was sunk in the summer of 1942 by British warship HMS Le Tiger while on a mission to lay mines in Boston Harbor after attacking and sinking the U.S. liberty ship Alexander Macomb, part of an allied convoy. The wreck was not discovered until 2004.[5]

Wreck Site[edit]

She now lays 270 feet (82 m) beneath the surface of the Atlantic, 150 nautical miles (280 km; 170 mi) off the coast of New England and south of Nova Scotia, just across international waters into Canadian territory. 4 of her 5 vertical tubes are still sealed, her hatches are still sealed, and she is (presumably) still airtight with the remains of 49 German sailors entombed within.[6]

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[7]
3 July 1942 Alexander Macomb  United States 7,191 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gröner, p. 103.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIID boat U-215". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-14. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-215". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-14. 
  4. ^ "German U-Boat Sea Mines - TMA, TMB, SMC". www.uboataces.com. Retrieved 2009-12-14. 
  5. ^ "First-ever U-boat found off Canadian coast". www.cba.ca. 13 July 2004. Retrieved 2011-05-31. 
  6. ^ "USATODAY.com - 'Sea Hunters' find deadly U-215". 
  7. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-215". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°28′47.9″N 66°22′47.9″W / 41.479972°N 66.379972°W / 41.479972; -66.379972