German submarine U-243

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U-243.jpg
U-243 under attack by a Sunderland of No. 10 Squadron RAAF
Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-243
Ordered: 10 April 1941[1]
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel[2]
Yard number: 677[2]
Laid down: 28 October 1942[2]
Launched: 2 September 1943[3]
Commissioned: 2 October 1943[3]
Fate: Sunk in July 1944 in the Bay of Biscay[3]
General characteristics [4]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.72 m (15 ft 6 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder, 4-stroke F46 diesel engines totalling 2,800–3,200 PS (2,800–3,200 shp; 2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44-52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[2]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(2 October 1943–31 May 1944)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 June 1943–8 July 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Hans Märtens
(2 October 1943–8 July 1944)
Operations: None
Victories: None

German submarine U-243 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

An order was placed for U-243 on 10 April 1941 and construction began on 28 October 1942 at Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel, as yard number 677. She was launched the following year on 2 September 1943 and commissioned on 2 October under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Hans Märtens.[2] Three days into her only patrol, she shot a German aircraft down.

She was sunk in the Bay of Biscay in July 1944

Service record[edit]

Her only patrol was preceded by a short voyage from Kiel to Flekkefjord in southern Norway in May 1944. On 11 June, she mistakenly shot a German JU 88 down 40 nautical miles (74 km; 46 mi) southwest of Bergen while making for that city.[5]

She passed through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands and steamed south, heading for the French Atlantic ports.

She was attacked and sunk by a Sunderland flying boat of No. 10 Squadron RAAF in the Bay of Biscay on 8 July 1944. Eleven men died; there were 38 survivors.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U-243 Type VIIC". ubootwaffe.net. Retrieved 29 July 2012. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-243". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. 
  3. ^ a b c Kemp 1999, pp. 202-3.
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Type VIIC". U-Boat War in World War II- Uboat.net. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  5. ^ 12 oclock high

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Williamson, Gordon; Ian Palmer (2002). Kriegsmarine U-boats 1939-45: Vol 2. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-364-0. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]

  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 243". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-243". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 

Coordinates: 47°06′N 6°40′W / 47.100°N 6.667°W / 47.100; -6.667