German submarine U-243

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U-243.jpg
U-243 under attack by a Sunderland of No. 10 Squadron RAAF
Career
Name: U-243
Ordered: 10 April 1941[1]
Builder: Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel[2]
Yard number: 677[2]
Laid down: 28 October 1942[2]
Launched: 2 September 1943[3]
Commissioned: 2 October 1943[4]
Fate: Sunk in July 1944 in the Bay of Biscay[4]
General characteristics [5]
Class & type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.72 m (15 ft 6 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder, 4-stroke F46 diesels totalling 2,800–3,200 hp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Calculated crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44-52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × torpedoes or 26 TMA or 39 TMB mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun with 220 rounds
Various FLAK weaponry (see main article)
Service record[6]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(2 October 1943–31 May 1944)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 June 1943–8 July 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Hans Märtens
(2 October 1943–8 July 1944)
Operations: None
Victories: None

German submarine U-243 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

An order was placed for U-243 on 10 April 1941 and construction began on 28 October 1942 at Germaniawerft, Kiel, as 'werk' 677. She was launched the following year on 2 September 1943 and commissioned on 2 October under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Hans Märtens.[7]

Three days into her only patrol, she shot a German aircraft down.

She was sunk in the Bay of Biscay in July 1944

Service record[edit]

Her only patrol was preceded by a short voyage from Kiel to Flekkefjord in southern Norway in May 1944. On 11 June, she mistakenly shot a German JU 88 down 40 nautical miles (74 km; 46 mi) southwest of Bergen while making for that city.

She passed through the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands and steamed south, heading for the French Atlantic ports.

She was attacked and sunk by a Sunderland flying boat of No. 10 Squadron RAAF in the Bay of Biscay on 8 July 1944. Eleven men died; there were 38 survivors.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "U-243 Type VIIC". ubootwaffe.net. Retrieved 29 July 2012. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b c http://uboat.net/boats/u243/htm
  3. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, pp. 202-203
  4. ^ a b Kemp, pp. 202-203
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Type VIIC". U-Boat War in World War II. Uboat.net. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-239 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-243". Uboat.net. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
Bibliography

http://uboat.net/boats/u243/htm

  • Williamson, Gordon; Ian Palmer (2002). Kriegsmarine U-boats 1939-45: Vol 2. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-364-0. 

See also[edit]


Coordinates: 47°06′N 6°40′W / 47.100°N 6.667°W / 47.100; -6.667