German submarine U-259

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Career
Name: U-259
Ordered: 23 December 1939
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 24
Laid down: 25 March 1941
Launched: 30 December 1941
Commissioned: 18 February 1942
Fate: Sunk, 15 November 1942[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 1 stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 5th U-boat Flotilla
(18 February–31 August 1942)
3rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 September–15 November 1942)
Commanders: Kptlt. Klaus Köpke
(18 February 1942–15 November 1942)
Operations: 1st patrol: 29 August–5 October 1942
2nd patrol: 5–15 November 1942
Victories: None

German submarine U-259 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 25 March 1941 at the Bremer Vulkan yard at Bremen-Vegesack, launched on 30 December 1941, and commissioned on 18 February 1942 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Klaus Köpke. After training with the 5th U-boat Flotilla at Kiel, U-259 was transferred to the 3rd U-boat Flotilla, based at La Pallice, France, for front-line service from 1 September 1942.

U-259 sank no ships in her short career, and was sunk off North Africa on 15 November 1942, during her second combat patrol, by a British Hudson bomber.[2]

Service history[edit]

1st patrol[edit]

U-259 sailed from Kiel on 29 August 1942, and headed out into the mid-Atlantic, joining Wolf pack Lohs from 3–22 September, and Wolf pack Blitz from 22–25 September, but had no success. The U-boat arrived at La Pallice on 5 October after 38 days at sea.[4]

2nd patrol[edit]

U-259 departed La Pallice on 5 November 1942 as part of Wolf pack Delphin, entered the Mediterranean Sea through the Strait of Gibraltar, and joined Wolf pack Wal on 12 November.

Sinking[edit]

On 15 November the U-boat was attacked by a British Hudson light bomber of No. 500 Squadron RAF, north of Algiers, in position 37°20′N 3°5′E / 37.333°N 3.083°E / 37.333; 3.083Coordinates: 37°20′N 3°5′E / 37.333°N 3.083°E / 37.333; 3.083. U-259 was sunk with all 48 hands when one of the depth charges dropped by the aircraft exploded on contact with the U-boat. The blast also crippled the aircraft, forcing the crew to bail out. Only the pilot and one crewman were rescued by the British sloops Erne and Leith.[2][5]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1999, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 96.
  2. ^ a b c Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-259 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-259 - Boats - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-259 from 29 Aug 1942 to 5 Oct 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Patrol of U-boat U-259 from 5 Nov 1942 to 15 Nov 1942 - U-boat patrols - uboat.net". uboat.net. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
Bibliography

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