German submarine U-260

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-260
Ordered: 23 December 1939
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 25
Laid down: 7 May 1941
Launched: 9 February 1942
Commissioned: 14 March 1942
Fate: Scuttled, 12 March 1945[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW). Max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(14 March–30 September 1942)
6th U-boat Flotilla
(1 October 1942–31 October 1944)
33rd U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1944–12 March 1945)
Commanders: Kptlt. Hubertus Purkhold
(14 March 1942–April 1944)
Oblt.z.S. Klaus Becker
(April 1944–12 March 1945)
Operations: 1st patrol: 10 September–15 November 1942
2nd patrol: 14 December 1942–3 February 1943
3rd patrol: 12 March–22 May 1943
4th patrol: 25 August–24 October 1943
5th patrol: 18 December 1943–27 February 1944
6th patrol: 6–16 June 1944
7th patrol: 7–13 August 1944
8th patrol: 3 September–17 October 1944
9th patrol: 18 February–12 March 1945
Victories: 1 commercial ship sunk (4,893 GRT)

German submarine U-260 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. Her keel was laid down 7 May 1941 by Bremer Vulkan, of Bremen-Vegesack. She was commissioned 14 March 1942 with Kapitänleutnant Herbertus Purkhold in command.

Service history[edit]

U-260 conducted nine patrols in total. On her second, U-260 was part of Spitz wolfpack[4] which attacked Convoy ON-154, making contact with the convoy on 28 December 1942, and sinking the 4,893 ton British freighter Empire Wagtail (lost with all hands - 43 dead).[5] This was the only ship sunk by U-260.

Purkhold was relieved in April 1944 by Oberleutnant zur See Klaus Becker. Becker commanded the boat until March 1945.

On 12 March 1945, U-260 was scuttled south of neutral Ireland, in position 51°15′N 09°05′W / 51.250°N 9.083°W / 51.250; -9.083, after sustaining mine damage. The minefield had been laid by HMS Apollo, an Abdiel-class minelayer.

After the sinking, a sealed container of papers floated to the surface. A British expert flew to Cork to examine them.[6]

The crew of five officers and 48 crew were interned in Ireland for the remainder of the war. In her entire career, U-260 suffered no casualties to her crew.

Post war[edit]

The wreck site of U-260 was discovered in 1975 by local fisherman Colin Barnes after snagging nets, although it was presumed that the wreck of Counsellor (sunk due to a mine in 1917) was in the area. A friend of Mr Barnes, Joe Barry, dived on the noted position and discovered the U-boat rather than the expected cargo ship.

U-260 currently lies in about 40–45 metres (131–148 ft) of water approximately four miles south of Glandore, and is a popular scuba diving site from Baltimore, County Cork and Union Hall.

There is recent speculation that U-260 did not actually strike a mine, but instead struck an underwater pinnacle (now known as '78 Rock' but which was uncharted at the time) leading to its damaged state.

On the 1st of July 2014, two divers got into trouble whilst exploring the wreck, the bodies of both of them were later recovered.

Wolf packs[edit]

U-260 took part in 16 wolfpacks, namely.

  • Blitz (22 Sep 1942 - 26 Sep 1942)
  • Tiger (26 Sep 1942 - 30 Sep 1942)
  • Luchs (1 Oct 1942 - 6 Oct 1942)
  • Panther (6 Oct 1942 - 11 Oct 1942)
  • Südwärts (24 Oct 1942 - 26 Oct 1942)
  • Spitz (22 Dec 1942 - 31 Dec 1942)
  • Seeteufel (21 Mar 1943 - 30 Mar 1943)
  • Löwenherz (1 Apr 1943 - 10 Apr 1943)
  • Lerche (10 Apr 1943 - 15 Apr 1943)
  • Specht (21 Apr 1943 - 4 May 1943)
  • Fink (4 May 1943 - 6 May 1943)
  • Leuthen (15 Sep 1943 - 24 Sep 1943)
  • Rossbach (24 Sep 1943 - 7 Oct 1943)
  • Rügen 6 (28 Dec 1943 - 2 Jan 1944)
  • Rügen 5 (2 Jan 1944 - 7 Jan 1944)
  • Rügen (7 Jan 1944 - 11 Jan 1944)

Summary of raiding career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Tonnage Fate[7]
28 December 1942 Empire Wagtail  United Kingdom 4,893 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1999, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 237.
  2. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-260 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-30. 
  3. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-260 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-30. 
  4. ^ Rohwer & Hummelchen 1992 p.183
  5. ^ Hague 2000 p.135
  6. ^ Bourke, Edward. Shipwrecks of the Irish Coast 2. p. 197. ISBN 0952302713. 
  7. ^ http://www.uboat.net/boats/successes/u260.html
Bibliography
  • Hague, Arnold (2000). The Allied Convoy System 1939-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-019-3. 
  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. Cassell Military Classics. pp. 136, 137, 176, 217. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 
  • Rohwer, J. and Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-105-X. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]