German submarine U-264

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-264
Ordered: 15 August 1941
Builder: Bremer Vulkan-Vegesacker Werft, Bremen
Yard number: 29
Laid down: 21 June 1941
Launched: 2 April 1942
Commissioned: 22 May 1942
Fate: Sunk, on 19 February 1944 in the Atlantic by British warships[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class & type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3][4]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(22 May–31 October 1942)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1 November 1942–19 February 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Hartwig Looks
(22 May 1942–19 February 1942)
Operations: Five patrols:
3 November–4 December 1942
10 January–5 March 1943
8 April–1 June 1943
22 September–15 October 1943
5 February–19 February 1944
Victories: Three

German submarine U-264 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 21 June 1941 at the Bremer-Vulkan-Vegesacker Werft (yard) in Bremen as yard number 29. She was launched on 2 April 1942 and commissioned on 22 May under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Hartwig Looks.[3]

In five patrols, she sank three ships of 16,843 GRT.

She was sunk on 19 February 1944 by British warships.

Service history[edit]

After training with the 8th U-boat Flotilla, the boat became operational on 1 November 1942 when she was transferred to the 6th flotilla.

1st and 2nd patrols[edit]

U-264 '​s first patrol began when she departed Kiel on 3 November 1942. She entered the Atlantic Ocean after negotiating the gap between the Faroe and the Shetland Islands. On 17 November, she sank the Mount Taurus. She was attacked by a Norwegian corvette, HNoMS Potentilla, on the 20th. No damage was sustained. She entered St. Nazaire in occupied France, on 4 December.

The boat's second sortie was relatively uneventful.

3rd patrol[edit]

On 26 February 1943 just off Cape Finisterre she fired a salvo of four torpedoes at HMS Sussex but all four missed; Sussex had just attacked and sunk the German Tanker Hohenfriedburg.[5] On 17 April 1943, she was in the process of attacking Convoy HX 233 when she was attacked by the escorts. The boat was badly damaged, but was repaired by the crew and the patrol continued. She then sank the Harperley and the West Maximus 500 nautical miles (930 km; 580 mi) south of Cape Farewell (Greenland) on 5 May. She docked at Lorient, on the French Atlantic coast, on 1 June.

There then followed a pair of short 'hops' between Lorient and St. Nazaire in August and September 1943.

4th patrol[edit]

While on her fourth patrol, U-264 and two other U-boats were re-fuelling from the supply submarine U-460 on 4 October 1943 when they were surprised by aircraft from the American carrier USS Card. The more nimble Type VIIs escaped, but the 'milch cow' was sunk by the Avengers. U-264 did not remain unscathed for long; later that day she was attacked, the damage inflicted forced a return to base.

5th patrol and loss[edit]

For her final sortie, she was again in the North Atlantic. She was sunk by depth charges dropped by the British sloops HMS Woodpecker and HMS Starling on 19 February 1944 in position 48°31′N 22°05′W / 48.517°N 22.083°W / 48.517; -22.083.

There were no deaths, fifty-two men survived.

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-264 took part in 11 wolf packs, namely.

  • Kreuzotter (15 Nov 1942 - 20 Nov 1942)
  • Delphin (23 Jan 1943 - 9 Feb 1943)
  • Rochen (9 Feb 1943 - 20 Feb 1943)
  • Without name (15 Apr 1943 - 18 Apr 1943)
  • Specht (19 Apr 1943 - 4 May 1943)
  • Fink (4 May 1943 - 6 May 1943)
  • Naab (12 May 1943 - 15 May 1943)
  • Donau 2 (15 May 1943 - 19 May 1943)
  • Mosel (19 May 1943 - 23 May 1943)
  • Igel 2 (15 Feb 1944 - 17 Feb 1944)
  • Hai 1 (17 Feb 1944 - 19 Feb 1944)

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Displacement Fate[6]
17 November 1942 Mount Taurus  Greece 6,696 Sunk
5 May 1943 Harperley  United Kingdom 4,586 Sunk
5 May 1943 West Maximus  United States 5,561 Sunk

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-264". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-264". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-264". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "HMS Sussex, British heavy cruiser, WW2". 
  6. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-264". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Edwards, Bernard (1996). Dönitz and the Wolf Packs - The U-boats at War. Cassell Military Classics. p. 198. ISBN 0-304-35203-9. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]