German submarine U-268

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-268
Ordered: 20 January 1941
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 33
Laid down: 4 September 1941
Launched: 9 June 1942
Commissioned: 29 July 1942
Fate: Sunk by a British aircraft, February 1943
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW). Max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
  • 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
  • 14 × torpedoes or 26 × TMA or 39 × TMB tube-launched mines
  • 5 × vertical launchers with 15 SMA mines
  • 1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
  • 2 × 20 mm AA (4,380 rounds)
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(29 July 1942–31 January 1943)
1st U-boat Flotilla
(1–19 February 1943)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S.. Ernst Heydemann
(29 July 1942–19 February 1943)
Operations: 1st patrol: 10 January–19 February 1943
Victories: One commercial ship sunk (14,547 GRT)
Three warships sunk (lost aboard transport ship) (873 GRT)

German submarine U-268 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II.

Commissioned on 29 July 1942, she served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla for training and later served with the 1st U-boat Flotilla from 1 to 19 February 1943.

Service history[edit]

U-268 departed Bergen on 10 January 1943 on her first and only patrol. She sank the 14,547 GRT ship Vestfold, which was laden with 17,386 tons of fuel oil, and three British landing craft - HMS LCT-2239, LCT-2267 and LCT-2344 (each 291 tons) - as deck cargo. Before sinking, Vestfold, which had been abandoned with her engines still running, steamed in circles, almost colliding with another ship.[4]

U-268 was sunk with all 44 hands on 19 February 1943 in the Bay of Biscay, west of Nantes, at position 47°03′N 05°56′W / 47.050°N 5.933°W / 47.050; -5.933Coordinates: 47°03′N 05°56′W / 47.050°N 5.933°W / 47.050; -5.933 by depth charges dropped from a Vickers Wellington bomber of No.172 Squadron RAF.[2]

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-268 took part in 5 wolfpacks, namely.

  • Habicht (10 - 15 January 1943)
  • Falke (15 - 19 January 1943)
  • Haudegen (19 January - 2 February 1943)
  • Nordsturm (2 - 9 February 1943)
  • Haudegen (9 - 10 February 1943)

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Ship Name Nationality Displacement Fate[5]
17 January 1943 HMS LCT-2239  Royal Navy 291 Sunk*
17 January 1943 HMS LCT-2267  Royal Navy 291 Sunk*
17 January 1943 HMS LCT-2244  Royal Navy 291 Sunk*
17 January 1943 Vestfold  Panama 14,547 Sunk

* Being carried aboard the Vestfold

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  2. ^ a b Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-268". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-30. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-268". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-30. 
  4. ^ "Vestfold (Whale factory ship) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-30. 
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-268". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Bishop, Chris (2006). Kriegsmarine U-Boats, 1939-45. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-904687-96-2. 

External links[edit]