German submarine U-279

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-279
Ordered: 10 April 1941
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 44
Laid down: 31 March 1942
Launched: 16 December 1942
Commissioned: 3 February 1943
Fate: Sunk, October 1943 by an American aircraft[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3][4]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(3 February 1943–31 July 1943)
9th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August–4 October 1943)
Commanders: Kptlt. Otto Finke
(3 February–4 October 1943)
Operations: One patrol:
4 September–4 October 1943
Victories: None

German submarine U-279 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 31 March 1942 at the Bremer Vulkan yard at Bremen-Vegesack as yard number 44. She was launched on 16 December 1942 and commissioned on 3 February 1943 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Otto Franke.[3]

Service history[edit]

U-279 served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla for training from February to July 1943 and operationally with the 9th flotilla from 1 August 1943.[3] She carried out one patrol, but sank no ships. She was a member of one wolfpack.

Patrol and loss[edit]

The boat departed Kiel on 4 September 1943. She entered the Atlantic Ocean after negotiating the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands. She was sunk exactly a month after her departure (4 October), by depth charges dropped from a US Ventura aircraft southwest of Iceland.[1] There were men in boats and in the water, but the Ventura could not call for assistance. Its radio had been put out of commission during the attack.[5][6]

Forty-eight men died; there were no survivors.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-279 took part in one wolfpack, namely.

  • Rossbach (24 September - 4 October 1943)

Previously recorded fate[edit]

The submarine was initially categorized as having been sunk by a British Liberator southwest of Iceland on 4 October 1943.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kemp 1999, pp. 147-8.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ a b c Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-279". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-279". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-279 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  6. ^ Hofmann, Markus. "U 279". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 26 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 60°40′N 26°30′W / 60.667°N 26.500°W / 60.667; -26.500