German submarine U-283

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-283
Ordered: 6 May 1941
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 48
Laid down: 10 June 1942
Launched: 17 February 1943
Commissioned: 31 March 1943
Fate: Sunk by a Canadian aircraft,11 February 1944, southwest of the Faroe Islands[1]
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[3][4]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(31 March 1943–31 January 1944)
9th U-boat Flotilla
(1 February–11 February 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Heinz-Günther Scholz
(31 March–15 August 1943)
Oblt.z.S. Günter Ney
(16 August 1943–11 February 1944)
Operations: One patrol:
13 January–11 February 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-283 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 10 June 1942 at the Bremer Vulkan yard at Bremen-Vegesack as yard number 48. She was launched on 17 February 1943 and commissioned on 31 March under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Heinz-Günther Scholz.[3]

Service history[edit]

U-283 served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla for training from March 1943 to January 1944 and operationally with the 9th flotilla from 1 February.[3] She carried out one patrol, sinking no ships. She was a member of two wolfpacks.

Patrol[edit]

The boat's only patrol began with her departure from Kiel on 13 January 1944.

Fate[edit]

She was sunk 11 February 1944 southwest of the Faroe Islands by a Canadian Leigh Light equipped Wellington of No. 407 Squadron RCAF.[1]

Forty-nine men died; there were no survivors.

Wolfpacks[edit]

U-283 took part in two wolfpacks, namely.

  • Stürmer (27 January - 3 February 1944)
  • Igel 1 (3–11 February 1944)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kemp 1999, p. 169.
  2. ^ Gröner 1985, pp. 72-74.
  3. ^ a b c Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-283". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-283". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 1-85409-515-3. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 60°45′N 12°50′W / 60.750°N 12.833°W / 60.750; -12.833