German submarine U-288

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-288
Ordered: 5 June 1941
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 53
Laid down: 7 September 1942
Launched: 15 May 1943
Commissioned: 26 June 1943
Fate: Sunk, April 1944 by British aircraft
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[1][2]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(26 September 1943–31 January 1944)
13th U-boat Flotilla
(1 February–3 April 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S. Willy Meyer
(26 June 1943–3 April 1944)
Operations: Two patrols:
26 February–11 March 1944
23 March–3 April 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-288 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 7 September 1942 at the Bremer Vulkan yard at Bremen-Vegesack as yard number 53. She was launched on 15 May 1943 and commissioned on 26 June under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Willy Meyer.[1]

She did not sink or damage any ships.

She was sunk by British aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm from two escort carriers in April 1944.

Service history[edit]

U-288 served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla for training from June 1943 to January 1944 and operationally with the 13th flotilla from 1 February.

1st patrol[edit]

The boat's initial foray began with her departure from Kiel on 26 February 1944 for the Norwegian Sea and finished at Narvik on 11 March.

2nd patrol and loss[edit]

An Avenger machine gun attack on U-288 on 3 April

She departed Narvik on 23 March 1944. On 3 April she attacked Convoy JW 58 but was sunk by rockets and depth charges from a Fairey Swordfish of 819 Naval Air Squadron and a TBM Avenger and a Wildcat (or 'Martlet' in FAA parlance), both of 846 squadron. The Swordfish had come from HMS Activity, the Avenger and the Wildcat had been launched from HMS Tracker.

Forty-nine men died; there were no survivors.

Wolf Packs[edit]

U-288 took part in 4 wolfpacks, namely.

  • Boreas (2 Mar 1944 - 5 Mar 1944)
  • Orkan (5 Mar 1944 - 10 Mar 1944)
  • Blitz (24 Mar 1944 - 30 Mar 1944)
  • Hammer (30 Mar 1944 - 3 Apr 1944)

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b "The Type VIIC boat U-288 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-288 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
Bibliography
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 

External links[edit]