German submarine U-290

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Career
Name: U-290
Ordered: 5 June 1941
Builder: Bremer Vulkan, Bremen-Vegesack
Yard number: 55
Laid down: 12 October 1942
Launched: 16 June 1943
Commissioned: 14 July 1943
Fate: Scuttled in May 1945 in Flensburg Fjord
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[1][2]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(24 July 1943–30 April 1944)
6th U-boat Flotilla
(1 May–31 July 1944)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 August–27 August 1944)
8th U-boat Flotilla
(28 August 1944–15 February 1945)
4th U-boat Flotilla
(16 February–3 May 1945)
Commanders: Kptlt. Hartmut Strenger
(24 July–26 December 1943)
Oblt.z.S. Helmut Herglotz
(27 December 1943–April 1945)
Oblt.z.S. (R) Heinz Baum
(April–4 May 1945)
Operations: Three patrols:
1 June–16 June 1944
7 September–5 November 1944
1 January–29 January 1945
Victories: None

German submarine U-290 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

The submarine was laid down on 12 October 1942 at the Bremer Vulkan yard at Bremen-Vegesack as 'werk' 55. She was launched on 16 June 1943 and commissioned on 24 July under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Hartmut Strenger.[1]

She did not sink or damage any ships.

She was scuttled in Flensburg Fjord in May 1945.

Service history[edit]

U-290 served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla for training from July 1943 to April 1944 and operationally with the 6th flotilla from 1 May. She was reassigned to the 11th flotilla in August. She was transferred twice more, first back to the 8th flotilla in late August, then the 4th flotilla in mid-February 1945.

1st patrol[edit]

The boat's initial foray, which was preceded by a short voyage from Kiel to Egersund (southeast of Stavanger) in Norway, began with her departure from the Nordic port on 1 June 1944 and finished at Bergen on 16 June.

She had been attacked by a Norwegian De Havilland Mosquito of No. 333 Squadron RAF on 14 June. Eight of her crew were wounded.

A series of brief journeys then followed, between Bergen, Kristiansand, Kiel and Gotenhafen (now Gdynia in Poland).

2nd patrol[edit]

She departed Gotenhafen on 7 September 1944. After patrolling the Baltic, she docked at Danzig (now Gdańsk in Poland) on 5 November.

3rd patrol and fate[edit]

After sailing to Libau in western Latvia,[3] she departed from there on 1 January 1945, arriving in Kiel on the 29th.

She was scuttled in Kupfermühlen Bay, part of Flensburg Fjord, in May 1945.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b "The Type VIIC boat U-290 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-290 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  3. ^ The Times Atlas of the World - Third edition, revised 1995, ISBN 0 7230 0809 4, p. 20
Bibliography

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